Algal and Fungal Toxins - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780120465071, 9781483259482

Algal and Fungal Toxins

1st Edition

A Comprehensive Treatise

Editors: Solomon Kadis Alex Ciegler Samuel J. Ajl
eBook ISBN: 9781483259482
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th January 1971
Page Count: 430
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Microbial Toxins, Volume VII: Algal and Fungal Toxins reviews research and investigations on algal and fungal toxins. This book discusses the distribution of poisonous dinoflagellates; pharmacology of blue-green algal toxins; control of Prymnesium and detection of toxin in nature; and F-2 (zearalenone) estrogenic mycotoxin from Fusarium. The effect of Fusarium toxins in animals; mycotoxins produced by Fusarium tricinctum NRRL 3249; and mold growth and production and isolation of trichothecenes are also elaborated. This publication likewise covers the chemistry of scirpene toxic substances of Fusarium nivale; isolation of salivation factor; and mammalian toxicity of epidithiadioxopiperazines. This volume is a useful reference for scientists and graduate students in various disciplines —microbiology, biochemistry, pharmacology, epidemiology, oncology, and related fields.

Table of Contents

List of Contributors


Contents of other Volumes

Section A Algal Toxins

1. The Dinoflagellate Poisons

I. Introduction

II. Distribution of Poisonous Dinoflagellates

III. Paralytic Shellfish Poison and Its Source in the Dinoflagellates

IV. Other Types of Poisons from Dinoflagellates

V. Culturing of Dinoflagellates as a Source of Poison

VI. Physiological Action of Shellfish and Dinoflagellate Poisons


2. Blue-Green and Green Algal Toxins

I. Introduction

II. Isolation and Culture

III. Toxic Blue-Green Algae

IV. Toxic Freshwater Dinoflagellate

V. Pharmacology of Blue-Green Algal Toxins

VI. Ecological Problems of Algal Blooms

VII. Conclusion


3. Toxins of Chrysophyceae

I. Introduction

II. Chemical and Physical Properties of Prymnesium Toxin

III. Biological Activities of Prymnesium Toxin

IV. Biosynthesis of Prymnesium Toxin

V. Control of Prymnesium and Detection of Toxin in Nature

VI. Other Toxic Chrysophyceae


Section B Fungal Toxins, Toxins of Fusarium

4. F-2 (Zearalenone) Estrogenic Mycotoxin from Fusarium

I. Introduction

II. Chemical Properties and Synthesis

III. Biosynthesis and Biochemistry

IV. Biological Activity


5. Alimentary Toxic Aleukia

I. History

II. Epidemiology

III. Etiology

IV. Effect of Fusarium Toxins in Animals

V. Clinical Characteristics of Alimentary Toxic Aleukia

VI. Pathological Findings

VII. Prophylaxis and Treatment


6. Toxin-Producing Fungi from Fescue Pasture

I. Introduction

II. Mycotoxins and Fescue Foot

III. Mycotoxins Produced by Fusarium tricinctum NRRL 3249

IV. Fusarium Toxins and Fescue Toxicity


7. 12,13-Epoxytrichothecenes

I. General Description

II. Discovery

III. Mold Growth and Production and Isolation of Trichothecenes

IV. Chemistry

V. Biological Activity

VI. Assay of Trichothecenes

VII. Metabolism and Biosynthesis

VIII. Discussion


8. Toxins of Fusarium Nivale

I. Introduction

II. Chemistry of Scirpene Toxic Substances of Fusarium Nivale

III. Biological Effects


Section C

9. Rhizoctonia Toxin

I. Introduction

II. Isolation of Salivation Factor

III. Chemistry of Slaframine

IV. Biosynthesis of Slaframine

V. Physiological Studies

VI. Summary


Section D

10. The Toxicology of Sporidesmins and Other Epipolythiadioxopiperazines

I. Introduction

II. Production of Epipolythiadioxopiperazines

III. Chemistry of Epipolythiadioxopiperazines

IV. Toxicity of Epidithiadioxopiperazines

V. Mammalian Toxicity of Epidithiadioxopiperazines


Author Index

Subject Index


No. of pages:
© Academic Press 1971
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:

About the Editor

Solomon Kadis

Alex Ciegler

Samuel J. Ajl

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