Description

Alcohol and Speech serves as a single, unifying reference source for those interested in speech motor effects evident in the acoustic record, reaction times, speech communication strategies, and perceptual judgments. Written by a linguist and a psychologist, the book provides an analytic orientation toward speech and alcohol with an emphasis on laboratory-based research in acoustic-phonetics and speech science. It is a comprehensive review of the effects of alcohol on speech and compares the various theoretical concerns which form this research. Studies of both alcohol and speech have been rare because each field has its own experimental protocols, methodologies, and research agendas. This book fills a long-standing gap and is unique in providing both breadth of coverage and depth of analysis. A case study involving the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill in Prince William Sound develops some of the legal implications of this research.

Key Features

@introbul:Key Features @bul:* Illustrates a unified perspective for the study of alcohol and speech * Contains the benefit of years of research on alcohol and speech * Provides a wealth of research to investigators in a wide variety of disciplines: medicine, psychology, speech, forensics, law, and human factors * Demonstrates how alcohol and speech research applies in a practical situation: the Exxon Valdez grounding * Includes a glossary as well as numerous tables and graphs for a quick overview of data and results

Readership

Upper-division undergraduates, graduate students, and professors working in alcohol research, phonetics, speech recognition, human factors, and psycholinguistics. Linguists, psychologists, cognitive scientists, engineers, and forensic scientists. Also students in psychology, linguistics, law, and cognitive science taking courses in speech and experimental phonetics, advanced speech science, acoustic phonetics, law and society, human factors, speech perception, and speech science.

Table of Contents

Introduction: The Nature and Pharmacology of Alcohol: Introduction. Characteristics of Alcohol. Pharmacokinetics of Alcohol. Central Nervous System Pharmacodynamics of Alcohol. Speech Production and Speech Acoustics: Introduction. Speech Production. Speech Acoustics. Analysis Targets in Language and Speech. Research Methodology: Introduction. Research Paradigms. Subject Characteristics. Materials Elicitation. Quantitative Nonspeech Measures of Alcohol in the Body. Qualitative Nonspeech Measures of Alcohol in the Body. Quantitative Linguistic and Speech Measures. Qualitative Linguistic and Speech Measures. Summary Research Review I: 1915-1964: Overview. Dodge and Benedict, 1915. Hollingworth, 1923. Jetter, 1938a. Jetter, 1938b. Romano, Michael, and Merritt, 1940. Hartocollis and Johnson, 1956. Forney and Hughes, 1961. Kawi, 1961. Dunker and Schlosshauer, 1964. Research Review II: 1966-1982: Overview. Stein, 1966. Trojan and Kryspiner-Exner, 1968. Zamiv, 1969. Moskowitz and Roth, 1971. Sobell and Sobell, 1972. Lester and Skousen, 1974. Smith, Parker, and Noble, 1975. Andrews, Cox, and Smith, 1977. Beam, Gant, and Mecham, 1978. Fontan, Bouanna, Piquet, and Wgeux, 1978. Collins, 1980. Stitzer, Griffiths, Bigelow, and Liebson, 1981. Sobell, Sobell, and Coleman, 1982. Research Review III:

Details

No. of pages:
362
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 1997
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
Print ISBN:
9780121727758

About the authors

Steven Chin

Steven Chin is an N.I.H. Postdoctoral Research Fellow and an assistant research scientist in the Speech Research Laboratory (Department of Psychology) at Indiana University and in the Department of Otolaryngology at the Indiana University School of Medicine. He conducts research on atypical speech and clinical phonology.

David Pisoni

David Pisoni is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Guggenheim Fellow, and winner of the James McKenneCattel Award, Jacob K. Javits Neuroscience Investigator Award, and Claude Pepper Award. He has written extensively on speech perception, production and synthesis; speech analysis and recognition, experimental psycholinguistics, and human memory. Chancellors' Professor of Psychology and Cognitive Science at Indiana University, he serves on the editorial boards of Speech Technology, Computer Speech and Language, and Cognitive Psychology.

Reviews

@qu:"The book provides a comprehensive review of the effects of alcohol on speech while comparing the various theoretical concerns that form this research. A special merit is the truly exhaustive survey of the relevant literature which also takes into account a significant number of studies which were written in and on languages other than English... The book thus serves as a single, unifying up-to-date reference source for those interested in speech motor effects evident in the acoustic records, reaction times, speech communication strategies, and perceptual judgments." @source:--HERMANN J. KENZEL, University of Trier, Budeskriminalamt Wiesbaden, Germany @qu:"Scientifically characterizing the effects of alcohol on speech has important implications, as exemplified by the case of the Exxon Valdez. Alcohol and Speech will be the classic reference text on this important intersection between basic science and social issues." @source:--LINDA S. SOBELL, Nova Southeastern University, Fort Lauderdale, Florida @qu:"A very comprehensive treatise on alcohol and speech using the captain of the Exxon Valdez as the anecdotal model... The book is a meld of a broad array of disciplines each of which can contribute to a fundamental understanding of the specific effects of alcohol on speech... This book is unique." @source:--ROBERT F. BORKENSTEIN, Indiana University, Bloomington @qu:"Chin and Pisoni bring to the reader a careful and complete assessment of the effects of alcohol on speech. The result of their scholarship should be of interest to anyone concerned with alcohol and speech, but the book also is a valuable reference for the general study of forensics and the effects of drugs on human behavior. This book sets a standard for the field and will surely find a secure place in the scientific and legal literature." @source:--RAY D. KENT, Waisman Center, Un