Albinism in Africa - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128133163

Albinism in Africa

1st Edition

Historical, Geographic, Medical, Genetic, and Psychosocial Aspects

Editors: Jennifer Kromberg Prashiela Manga
Paperback ISBN: 9780128133163
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 2nd January 2018
Page Count: 300
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Description

Albinism in Africa: Historical, Geographic, Medical, Genetic, and Psychosocial Aspects provides the first in-depth reference for understanding and treating patients of human albinism in Africa. Leading international contributors examine the historical, geographic, psychosocial, genetic and molecular considerations of importance in effectively and sensitively managing this genetic disorder. Foundational chapters covering the historical and psychosocial aspects of albinism are supplemented by discussions of the pathobiology of the disease, as well as a thorough analysis of the genetics of skin pigmentation, eye pigmentation, hair pigmentation, and incidents of skin cancer involved in the manifestations of this disorder.

New prenatal diagnostics and genetic testing methods, genetic risk assessment for individuals, families, and communities, and novel genetic markers that may be used for developing new therapeutics for treating albinism are also discussed in detail. The book provides care management approaches that may be applied to instances of albinism in other regions, along with guiding principles for treating rare genetic disorders and stigmatized patient populations across the globe.

Key Features

  • Includes contributions from leading international contributors who examine the historical, geographic, psychosocial, genetic and molecular aspects of importance in sensitively managing albinism in Africa
  • Discusses recent advances in our understanding of the pathobiology of albinism, while also offering a thorough analysis of the genetics of skin pigmentation, eye pigmentation, hair pigmentation, and rates of skin cancer
  • Highlights new prenatal diagnostics and genetic testing methods and approaches to genetic risk assessment for individuals, families and communities

Readership

Researchers, clinicians, and students in the areas of human genetics, genomic medicine, genetic counseling, dermatology, ophthalmology, psychology, oncology, tropical medicine, and public health; public health workers and nurses

Table of Contents

  1. Introduction and historical background
    2. Clinical features, types of albinism and natural history
    3. Epidemiology of albinism
    4. Medical aspects. Dermatology
    5. Medical aspects. Ophthalmology
    6. Psychosocial aspects of albinism
    7. Molecular biology of albinism
    8. Genetic Counselling
    9. Genetic testing and prenatal diagnosis
    10. Management and therapy
    11. Conclusion

Details

No. of pages:
300
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 2018
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
Paperback ISBN:
9780128133163

About the Editor

Jennifer Kromberg

Dr. Kromberg has had 40 years’ experience working with albinism patients in Southern Africa, has written a MA dissertation and a PhD thesis on the topic, and has published more than 60 peer reviewed papers on albinism, genetic counseling in sub-Saharan Africa, and related topics within human genetics and genomic medicine implementation. To-date, her primary areas of research have included hereditary cancers, genetic counseling practice and implementation, Fanconi anemia in South African populations, predictive genetic testing in children, intellectual disability in rural South Africa, genetic testing for Huntington’s Disease, and the genetics of oculocutaneous albinism.

Affiliations and Expertise

Associate Professor of Human Genetics, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa

Prashiela Manga

Dr. Manga is a molecular biologist, who completed her PhD research in South Africa and wrote her PhD thesis on the molecular aspects of the rarer types of albinism found in Southern Africa. She has 24 years of experience researching the biology of skin pigmentation and has published more than 36 peer reviewed papers on genetics, albinism, and other pigmentary conditions. Her areas of primary expertise include the biology of skin, hair and eye pigmentation, genetics of oculocutaneous albinism, the etiology of vitiligo, genotype based association models of complex diseases, gene mutation and melanoma risk assessment.

Affiliations and Expertise

Dr Prashiela Manga is an Associate Professor of Dermatology at New York University School of Medicine, Smilow Research Center.