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Airport, Aircraft, and Airline Security - 2nd Edition - ISBN: 9780750690195, 9781483292168

Airport, Aircraft, and Airline Security

2nd Edition

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Author: Bozzano Luisa
eBook ISBN: 9781483292168
Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
Published Date: 21st August 1991
Page Count: 424
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Airport, Aircraft, and Airline Security, 2ed is a comprehensive study of every aspect of modern aviation security. Topics are presented from a historical perspective and examined through a down-to-earth practical approach to solving current problems.

Table of Contents


Section I Attacks against Air Traffic

Chapter 1 The Hijacking Threat

Evolution of "Skyjacking"

Motivation of Hijackers

Government Response

Other Suggestions

Psychological Profile of the Hijacker

Sky Marshal Program

Airport and Airline

Security Proposals

New Carrier Rules

New Airport Rules

The Last Straw

The End Begins

Problems of Implementation

Training Law Enforcement Officers


Growing Pains

Ah- Carrier Standard Security Program (ACSSP)

Chapter 2 Terrorism

Who are the Terrorists?

The Innocent Victim

International Cooperation among Terrorist Groups Surrogate Warfare

Combating Terrorism


Where are We Now?

Chapter 3 Terrorism Counteraction

New Strength in U.S. Law

International Law

What is an Attempt?

Foreign Airport Security

What is Reasonable Security for a U.S. Airport?

El Al Security

Chapter 4 Pan Am


The Explosive

Dissemination of Threat Warnings

The Helsinki Threat

Public Notification of Threats

Passenger/Baggage Reconciliation

Other Issues

Recommendations of the President's Commission

Aviation Security

Improvement Act of 1990

Section II Aircraft Security

Chapter 5 Predeparture Screening

Sterile Concourse

Sterile Boarding area

Departure Gate Screening

Screening Checkpoint Enhancements

The Law Enforcement Officer

Screening Passengers

Body Search

Special Situations

Screening Airport and Airline Employees

Screening Diplomats

Screening Carry-On Luggage

Thefts at the Checkpoint

Undetected Weapons

Physical Inspection of Carry-On Luggage

X-Ray Inspection of Carry-On Luggage

Discovery of Contraband during Screening

Special Search Situations

Contract Security Selection and Training

Alternative Security Concept

Human Factors in Security Screening

Testing and Enforcement

Heightened Security

Chapter 7 Screening and the Law

Search and Seizure

The Legal Authority of Private Persons to Search

Police Participation

Inevitable Discovery Exception to the Exclusionary Rule

Who is a Law Enforcement Officer?

Legality of Airport Screening Searches

Passenger's Right to Terminate the Search Process

Failure to Clear Metal Detector


Chapter 7 Metal Detectors, X-Ray Inspection, and Explosives Detection

Metal Detectors

Metal Detectors and Computers

X-Ray Inspection Units

Detection of Explosives by X-Ray

X-Ray Safety

X-Ray and Photographic Film

X-Ray and Magnetic Tape

X-Ray and Computers

Plastic Guns

Explosives Detection Systems


Chapter 8 Weapons, Prisoners, and Restricted Articles


Persons Authorized to Carry Weapons during Flight

Armed Police Officers in the Sterile Concourse

Carriage of Prisoners


Restricted Materials

Chapter 9 Baggage, Cargo, and Exempt Flights

Passenger/Baggage Reconciliation

Explosives and Screening

Screening Cargo

Screening Mail

Indirect Air Carriers

Drug Smuggling

Charter Flight Security

Maintaining the Security Level

Chapter 10 Bomb Threat Response Handling the Bomb Threat

Bomb Threat Search Procedures

Use of Search Dogs

Section III Airport Security

Chapter 11 Perimeter Security and Lighting



Exterior Alarm Sensors

Lighting Financial Limits

Chapter 12 Identification for Security

Access Control Cards

Personal Identification and Verification-Biometrics

Photo Identification Badges

Video Badges

Badging of Visitors and Contract Employees

Lost Badges

Enforcement of Identification Program

U.S. Customs Badging

Vehicle Identification and Marking

Chapter 13 Terminal and Ramp Security



Electric Locks Systems

Alarm System Sensors

Security of Parked Aircraft

Chapter 14 Law Enforcement, Communications, and Contingency Planning

Law Enforcement Function at Airports

Jurisdictional Problems

Airport Communications

Emergency Power

Bomb Threat Contingency Planning

Chapter 15 General Aviation Security

Corporate Aircraft

In-Transit Ramp Security Aircraft and Avionics Thefts

Drug Smuggling


Section IV Airline Security

Chapter 16 Investigation Management

Objectives of an Investigation

Credit and Criminal Checks

Cellular and Cordless Phones

Employee Privacy in the Information Age


Interviews and Interrogations

Recording Interviews

Truth Verification Devices

Integrity Tests



Drugs in the Workplace

Drug Testing


The Future

Chapter 17 Ticket Fraud

Ticket Thefts

Use of Stolen Tickets

Ticket Consolidators

Frequent Flyer Tickets

Overbooking and Denied Boarding Compensation

Unreported Ticket Sales

Counterfeit Tickets

Altered Tickets

Miscellaneous Charges Orders (MCOs)

Ticket-By-Mail (TBM) Fraud

Prepaid Ticket Advice (PTA) Fraud

Refund Fraud

Prosecution and Legislation

Chapter 18 Ticket Stock Security

Printing Plant Security

Liability Agreement

Ticket Warehouses and Distribution Centers

City Ticket Offices

Control of Inventory Exposure

Automated Ticket and Boarding Pass

Airport Ticket Counters

Travel Agencies

Satellite Ticket Printers

Document Security Resolution

Chapter 19 Credit Card Fraud

Stolen and Altered Credit Cards

Credit Card Fraud Act of 1984

Preventive Measures

Card Embossing and Mailing Security

Chapter 20 Baggage Handling and Security


Baggage Handling

Damaged Bags

Theft Deterrence

Identifying Baggage Thieves

Baggage Claim

Baggage Liability

Baggage Claims Investigation

Disposition of Unclaimed Baggage

Chapter 21 Misappropriation

Flight Kitchens and Commissaries

In-Flight Sales



Headset Rentals

Theft of Airline Property

The Dishonest Few

Section V Air Freight Security

Chapter 22 Air Cargo Security Problems

Growth of Cargo Carriage

What Cargo Goes by Air?

Inherent Security Problems

Emergence of

Cargo Theft Problems

Government Response

Primary Prevention

Chapter 23 Physical Security of the Freight Terminal

Employee Parking

Dock Security

Terminal Access

Gate Houses

Security Review of New Construction

Closed-Circuit Television (CCTV)

Guard Force Operations


Chapter 24 Security Procedures for Air Cargo Handling


Deterrents to Pilferage by Count

Truck Seals


Fraudulent Pickups

Protection of Documentation

Containerization and Security


Damaged Cartons

Carrier Transfer Vehicle Supervision

Container Seals Rough Handling and Delay

Chapter 25 High-Value Shipments

Articles of Extraordinary Value

Attractive Merchandise

High-Value Security Cage

Chapter 26 The "People Factor" in Cargo Theft

Personnel Screening

Procedures for New Employees

Promotion on Seniority


Chapter 27 A Management Approach to Cargo Security

Selling Cargo Security to Management

Selling by the Numbers

Avoiding the Loss Opportunity

Retaining Management Support

Chapter 28 Cargo Theft Investigation

Six Serving Men

Who is Stealing Air Cargo?

Where are the Thefts Taking Place?

How is it being Stolen?

Information and Intelligence

What is Being Stolen?

Why are Employees Stealing

When Do the Thefts Occur?

Security Surveys

Assigning Responsibility

Chapter 29 Control by Audit and Survey

Guidelines for Security Inspection of Air Freight Terminals

Security Awareness

Appendix Significant Incidents



No. of pages:
© Butterworth-Heinemann 1991
21st August 1991
eBook ISBN:

About the Author

Bozzano Luisa

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