Air Pollution V4

Air Pollution V4

Engineering Control of Air Pollution

3rd Edition - April 28, 1977

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  • Editor: Arthur C. Stern
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323162005

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Description

Air Pollution, Third Edition, Volume IV: Engineering Control of Air Pollution focuses on the sampling, measurement, analysis, and monitoring of air pollution. This book discusses the various gas and air cleaning devices used to eliminate or reduce emissions of air polluting substances. Organized into three parts encompassing 21 chapters, this edition starts with an overview of the methods of air pollution control that are designed to minimize the production or emission of contaminants. This book then discusses the techniques of rational air use management, which is based on the principle that air quality standards have been set at levels that protect the population from harm with an acceptable margin of safety. This text explores as well the waste-disposal process of incineration in which combustible wastes are burned completely under controlled conditions. Other chapters discuss the production of nonferrous metals, which has been very significant in the development of the science of air pollution control. Engineers, physicist, chemists, meteorologists, agronomists, toxicologists, sociologists, physicians, and lawyers will find this book extremely useful.

Table of Contents


  • List of Contributors

    Preface

    Contents of Other Volumes

    Part A Control Concepts

    1. Control of Systems, Processes, and Operations

    I. Introduction

    II. Elimination of Air Pollution Emissions

    III. Minimizing Emissions of Gaseous and Gas-Borne Wastes

    IV. Concentration of Air Pollutants at the Source for Effective Treatment Prior to Release to the Atmosphere

    V. Managing the Air Resource

    VI. Summary

    References

    Part B Control Devices

    2. Selection, Evaluation, and Application of Control Devices

    Nomenclature

    I. Selection of a Control System

    II. Gas Pretreatment

    III. Control Efficiency

    IV. Cost, Applicability, and Efficiency of Collectors

    References

    3. Source Control by Centrifugal Force and Gravity

    I. Introduction

    II. Cyclone Collectors

    III. Rotary Stream Dust Separators

    IV. Gravity Settling Chambers

    V. Inertial Separators

    References

    4. Filtration

    Nomenclature

    I. Introduction

    II. Fabric (Bag) Filters

    III. Fibrous Mat Filters

    IV. Miscellaneous Filters

    V. General Considerations

    References

    5. Electrostatic Precipitation

    Nomenclature

    I. Introduction

    II. Generation of the Corona

    III. Electric Field

    IV. Particle Charging

    V. Particle Collection

    VI. Removal of Collected Particles

    VII. Dust Resistivity

    VIII. Gas Flow

    IX. Design and Installation

    References

    6. Scrubbing

    Nomenclature

    I. Introduction

    II. Gas Absorption

    III. Particle Collection

    IV. Scrubber Energy Requirement

    V. Diffusional Collection

    VI. Flux Force/Condensation

    VII. Economics

    References

    7. Mist Elimination

    I. Introduction

    II. Size Distribution and Stability of Mists

    III. Theory of Mist Elimination

    IV. Single-Stage Mist Eliminators

    V. Multiple-Stage Mist Eliminators (Few Stages)

    VI. Multiple-Stage Impingement Separators (Many Stages)

    VII. Cyclone Mist Eliminators

    VIII. Electrostatic Precipitators

    IX. Ceramic Candles

    X. Venturi Scrubbers

    XI. Sonic Agglomerators

    XII. Measurement of the Effectiveness of Mist Eliminators

    References

    8. Adsorption

    I. General Principles

    II. Adsorbents

    III. Equipment and Systems

    IV. Applications to Source Control

    V. Comparative Costs of Adsorbers and Other Systems

    General References

    References

    9. Combustion

    I. Introduction

    II. Principles of Combustion

    III. Afterburners

    IV. Furnaces

    V. Flares

    References

    Part C Process Emissions and their Control

    10. Fuels and Their Utilization

    I. Introduction

    II. Fuels

    III. Pollutants Emitted by Combustion Processes

    IV. Fuel Modification to Reduce Emissions

    V. Combustion Technology for Clean Fuels from Coal-Conversion Processes

    VI. Combustion Modification to Reduce Emissions

    References

    11. Space Heating and Steam Generation

    I. Introduction

    II. Fuel-Use Patterns

    III. Types of Combustion Equipment

    IV. Emissions from Residential Heating Units

    V. Emissions from Commercial and Industrial Boilers

    VI. Combustion Modification to Reduce Emissions

    References

    12. Power Generation

    I. Electric Power Demand

    II. Meeting the Demand

    III. Fossil Fuel-Fired Steam Electric Power Plants

    IV. Emissions from Fossil Fuel-Fired Steam Electric Generating Plants

    V. Control of Emissions from Fossil Fuel-Fired Steam Electric Generating Plants

    VI. Gas- and Oil-Fired Turbines and Diesel-Powered Generating Units

    VII. Control of Gaseous Emissions from Nuclear-Fueled Steam Electric Generating Plants

    VIII. Air Quality Impacts of Emissions from Cooling Towers

    References

    13. Incineration

    I. Introduction

    II. Background

    III. The Urban Waste Problem

    IV. Contemporary Incinerator Technology

    V. Causes of Incinerator Emissions

    VI. Air Pollution Control Systems for Incinerators

    VII. Emission Tests of Incinerators

    VIII. Novel Methods of Incineration

    IX. Disposal of Bulky Solid Wastes

    X. Industrial Waste Disposal

    XI. Pathological Waste Disposal

    References

    14. The Control of Motor Vehicle Emissions

    I. Introduction

    II. Mobile Sources of Emissions

    III. Emission Control Technology

    IV. Control of Blowby and Evaporative Emissions

    V. Control Approaches for Exhaust Emissions—Conventional Spark-Ignition Engine Motor Vehicles

    VI. Stratified-Charge Engines

    VII. Diesel Engines

    VIII. Rotary Engines

    IX. Alternative Engines

    X. Control Approaches for Railroad Locomotives and Ships

    XI. Control Approaches for Aircraft Emissions

    References

    15. Agriculture and Agricultural-Products Processing

    I. Agriculture

    II. Processing Agricultural Products

    III. Episode Control Planning for Agricultural and Agricultural- Products Processing Operations

    References

    16. The Forest Products Industry

    I. The Forest Products Industry

    II. Power Boilers

    III. Dryers

    IV. Kraft Pulping

    V. Sulfite Pulping

    VI. Neutral Sulfite Semichemical (NSSC) Pulping

    VII. Effects of Applying the Best Control Technology Available

    References

    17. Mineral Product Industries

    I. Introduction

    II. General Operations

    III. Specific Processes

    IV. Emission Reduction during Air Pollution Episodes

    V. Conclusion

    References

    18. Chemical Industries

    A. Inorganic Chemical Processes

    B. Petrochemical Processes

    19. Petroleum Refining

    I. Introduction

    II. Oil Refining Technology

    III. Type of Emissions

    IV. Source and Control

    V. Estimation of Quantities

    VI. Economics of Control

    References

    20. Nonferrous Metallurgical Operations

    I. Introduction

    II. Copper

    III. Lead

    IV. Zinc

    V. Aluminum

    VI. Beryllium

    VII. Mercury

    VIII. Nonferrous Metals of Minor Significance

    IX. Secondary Copper, Lead, Zinc, and Aluminum

    X. Nonferrous Foundries

    General Reference

    References

    21. Ferrous Metallurgical Operations

    I. Introduction

    II. Coke Production

    III. Sintering

    IV. Ironmaking

    V. Open Hearth Steelmaking

    VI. Basic Oxygen Steelmaking

    VII. Electric Furnace Steelmaking

    VIII. Rolling, Processing, and Finishing

    IX. Ferrous Foundry Operations

    References

    Subject Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 970
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1977
  • Published: April 28, 1977
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323162005

About the Editor

Arthur C. Stern

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