Description

The chapters in this book present a snapshot of the state of knowledge of air pollution effects at the beginning of the 21st century. From their different disciplines, a distinguished collection of authors document their understanding of how leaves, trees, and forests respond to air pollutants and climate change. Scenarios of global change and air pollution are described. The authors describe responses of forests to climate variability, tropospheric ozone, rising atmospheric CO2, the combination of CO2 and ozone, and deposition of acidic compounds and heavy metals. The responses to ozone receive particular attention because of increasing concern about its damaging effects and increasing concentrations in rural areas. Scaling issues are addressed - from leaves to trees, from juvenile trees to mature trees, from short-term responses to long-term responses, and from small-scale experiments and observations to large-scale forest ecosystems.

This book is one major product of a conference sponsored by the International Union of Forestry Research Organizations, the USDA Forest Service Global Change Northern Stations Program, the Arthur Ross Foundation, NCASI, the Canadian Forest Service, and Michigan Technological University. The conference, held in May 2000 in Houghton, Michigan, USA, was appropriately titled "Air Pollution, Global Change, and Forests in the New Millennium". The Editors, David Karnosky, Kevin Percy, Art Chappelka, Caroline Simpson, and Janet Pikkarainen organized the conference and edited this book.

Table of Contents

Introduction to the Book Series. List of Contributors. Foreword and Acknowledgements. Preface (R.A. Birdsey, USFS Global Change Program). Issues, Challenges and Risks. 1. Air pollution and global change: A double challenge to forest ecosystems (D.F. Karnosky, K.E. Percy et al.). 2. What is the role of demographic factors in air pollution and forests? (D.S. Shriner, D.F. Karnosky). 3. Changing atmospheric carbon dioxide: A threat or benefit? (D.F. Karnosky, P. Sharma et al.). 4. Tropopsheric ozone: A continuing threat to global forests? (K.E. Percy, A.H. Legge, S.V. Krupa). Tropospheric Ozone. 5. Regional scale risk assessment of ozone and forests (G. Gerosa, A. Ballarin-Denti). 6. Limitations and perspectives about scaling ozone impacts in trees (T.E. Kolb, R. Matyssek). 7. Simulating the growth response of aspen to elevated ozone: A mechanistic approach from leaf-level photosynthesis to complex architecture (M.J. Martin, G.E. Host et al.). 8. Ozone affects the fitness of trembling aspen (D.F. Karnosky, K. Percy et al.). 9. Responses of Aleppo pine to O3 (R. Alonso, S. Elvira et al.). 10. Ozone affects Scots pine phenology and growth (S. Manninen, R. Sorjamaa et al.). 11. Ozone affects leaf surface-pest interactions (K.E. Percy, B. Mankovska et al.). 12. Ultrastructural response of a Mediterranean shrub species to O3 (F. Bussotti, E. Gravano et al.). 13. Ozone injury symptoms on vegetation in an alpine valley, North Italy (F. Bussotti, C. Mazzali et al.). Acidic Deposition. 14. Forest growth and critical air pollutant loads in Scandinavia (C. Nellemann, M.G. Thomsen et al.). 15. Norway spruce mortality and critical air pollutant loads (M.G. Thomsen, C. Nellemann). 16. Beech foliar chemical composition: A bioindicator of air pollution stress (G. Amores, J.M. Santamaria). 17. Atmospheric c

Details

No. of pages:
492
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 2003
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier Science
Print ISBN:
9780080443171
Electronic ISBN:
9780080526911

About the editors

D.F. Karnosky

Affiliations and Expertise

School of Forestry and Wood Products, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI, USA

Kevin Percy

Affiliations and Expertise

Wood Buffalo Environmental Association, Fort McMurray, Alberta, Canada

A.H. Chappelka

Affiliations and Expertise

School of Forestry, Auburn University, AL, USA

C. Simpson

Affiliations and Expertise

Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Atlantic Forestry Centre, Fredericton, NB, Canada

J. Pikkarainen

Affiliations and Expertise

School of Forestry and Wood Products, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI, USA

Reviews

@from:D. Goldblum @qu:...the chapters are clearly written and well illustrated. ...For those with prior knowledge of the topic, this book is a valuable addition to the field. ...Recommended. Upper-level undergraduates and above. @source:CHOICE @qu: The book provides a useful summary of our knowledge about the impacts of air pollution and climate change on forest ecosystems and gives a good overview of the experimental state of the art at the beginning of the "new millennium". @source: Environmental Science and Policy, 2005