Air Pollution and Its Effects

Air Pollution and Its Effects

Air Pollution

2nd Edition - January 1, 1968

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  • Editor: Arthur C. Stern
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483268828

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Description

Air Pollution, Second Edition, Volume I: Air Pollution and Its Effects discusses the cause, effect, transport, measurement, and control of air pollution. The volume covers the nature of air pollution; mechanism of the dispersal of air pollution by meteorological factors and from stacks; and its effect upon plants, animals, humans, materials, and visibility. The classification and extent of air pollution problems; air pollution effects on urban atmospheric and weather conditions; and the effects of air pollution on materials and the economy are discussed as well. Engineers, physicians, meteorologists, economists, sociologists, agronomists, and toxicologists will find the book a valuable reference material.

Table of Contents


  • Contents

    List of Contributors

    Preface

    Contents of Other Volumes

    Part I. Air Pollution

    1. Classification and Extent of Air Pollution Problems

    I. Natural History of the Air Pollution Problem

    II. Historical Perspective

    III. Primary Concepts of Air Pollution

    IV. Types of Effects Associated With Air Pollution

    V. Air Pollution as a Problem of the Future

    2. Gaseous Pollutants in the Air

    I. Introduction

    II. Carbon-Containing Gases

    III. Sulfur-Containing Gases

    IV. Nitrogen-Containing Gases

    V. Ozone and Oxidants

    VI. Fluorine and Hydrogen Fluoride

    References

    3. Nonviable Particles in the Air

    Nomenclature

    I. Introduction

    II. Particle Parameters

    III. Particle Dynamics in the Atmosphere

    IV. Physical and Chemical Properties of Particles in the Air

    V. Concluding Remarks

    References

    4. Viable Particles in the Air

    I. Viable Particles in the Air

    II. Factors Influencing the Quantity and Kinds of Viable Particles in the Air

    III. Effects on Man, Animals, and Plants

    IV. Methods of Control of Viable Particles in the Air

    References

    5. Sources of Radioactive Pollution

    I. Natural Radioactivity

    II. Properties of Fission and Activation Products

    III. Nuclear Reactors

    IV. Reprocessing of Spent Fuel

    V. Nuclear Weapons

    VI. Aerospace Applications of Nuclear Energy

    References

    6. Atmospheric Reactions and Scavenging Processes

    I. Principles of Atmospheric Reactions

    II. Atmospheric Reactions in Air Pollution

    III. Atmospheric Scavenging Processes

    References

    Part II. Air Pollution Meteorology

    7. Meteorology and Air Pollution

    I. Introduction

    II. Vertical Temperature Structure

    III. Wind Structure

    IV. Topographic Effects

    V. Large-Scale Wind and Temperature

    VI. Application to Air Pollution Problems

    VII. Nonturbulent Dispersal

    VIII. Mathematical Models of Urban Air Pollution

    References

    8. Atmospheric Dispersion of Stack Effluents

    Nomenclature

    I. Introduction

    II. Characteristics of Stack Plumes

    III. Analytical Methods for Prediction of Plume Characteristics

    IV. Experimental Methods for the Prediction of Plume Characteristics

    References

    9. Air Pollution Climatology

    I. Introduction

    II. Weather Elements

    III. Air Quality

    References

    10. Meteorological Management of Air Pollution

    Nomenclature

    I. Introduction

    II. The Usefulness of Mathematical Models in Air Pollution Management

    III. The Meteorological Factor in Source Configurations

    IV. The Meteorological Factor in Source Control

    V. Signs and Portents—The Meteorologist in Air Pollution Management Today and Tomorrow

    References

    Part III. Effects of Air Pollution

    11. Effect on the Physical Properties of the Atmosphere

    I. Introduction

    II. Effects of Air Pollution on Visibility

    III. Mathematical Concepts of Visibility

    IV. Air Pollution Effects on Urban Atmospheric and Weather Conditions

    V. Effect of Air Pollution on Atmospheric Constituents

    References

    12. Effects of Air Pollutants on Vegetation

    I. Introduction

    II. Symptoms of Air Pollution Injury to Vegetation

    III. Factors Affecting Response of Vegetation to Air Pollutants

    IV. The Use of Plants for Pollutant Identification and Field Monitoring

    V. Economic Evaluation of Response

    VI. Reduction of Air Pollution Injury to Vegetation

    References

    13. Biologic Effects of Air Pollutants

    I. Introduction

    II. Inorganic Gases

    III. Organic Vapors

    IV. Particulates

    V. Mixtures

    VI. Carcinogenic Materials

    VII. Real and Synthetic Atmospheres

    VIII. Air Pollution Effects on Livestock

    IX. Conclusions

    References

    14. Effects of Air Pollution on Human Health

    I. Introduction

    II. Acute Air Pollution Episodes

    III. Experimental Exposures of Animals and Man

    IV. Dilemmas

    V. Air Pollution as a Causal Factor in Chronic Pulmonary Disease

    VI. Effects of Air Pollution on Children

    VII. Effects of Carbon Monoxide on Transport of Oxygen by the Blood

    VIII. Health Effects of Exposure to Atmospheric Lead

    IX. Sensory Irritation

    X. Prevention and Treatment of Air Pollution Effects

    References

    15. Effects of Air Pollution on Materials and the Economy

    I. Introduction

    II. Mechanisms of Deterioration in Polluted Atmospheres

    III. Factors That Influence Atmospheric Deterioration

    IV. Methods of Measuring Atmospheric Deterioration

    V. Materials Damage

    VI. Economic Estimates

    References

    Author Index

    Subject Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 714
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1968
  • Published: January 1, 1968
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483268828

About the Editor

Arthur C. Stern

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