Air and Spaceborne Radar Systems

Air and Spaceborne Radar Systems

An Introduction

1st Edition - March 27, 2001

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  • Authors: Philippe Lacomme, Jean-Claude Marchais, Jean-Philippe Hardange, Eric Normant
  • eBook ISBN: 9780815516132

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A practical tool on radar systems that will be of major help to technicians, student engineers and engineers working in industry and in radar research and development. The many users of radar as well as systems engineers and designers will also find it highly useful. Also of interest to pilots and flight engineers and military command personnel and military contractors. ""This introduction to the field of radar is intended for actual users of radar. It focuses on the history, main principles, functions, modes, properties and specific nature of modern airborne radar. The book examines radar's role within the system when carrying out is assigned missions, showing the possibilities of radar as well as its limitations. Finally, given the changing operational requirements and the potential opened up by modern technological developments, a concluding section describes how radar may evolve in the future. The authors review the current state of the main types of airborne and spaceborne radar systems, designed for specific missions as well as for the global environment of their host aircraft or satellites. They include numerous examples of the parameters of these radars. The emphasis in the book is not only on a particular radar technique, but equally on the main radar functions and missions. Even if a wide range of techniques are described in this book, the focus is on those which are connected to practical applications.


Technicians, student engineers and engineers working in industry and in radar research and development. The many users of radar as well as systems engineers and designers will also find it highly useful. Also of interest to pilots and flight engineers and military command personnel and military contractors.

Table of Contents

  • Part I ù General Principles
    Chapter 1 ù The History and Basic Principles of Radar
    1.1 History
    1.2 Basic Principles
    Chapter 2 ù Initial Statements of OperationalRequirements
    2.1 Introduction
    2.2 Missions
    2.3 Carriers and Weapons
    2.4 System Functions
    2.5 Definitions of Flight Conditions
    Chapter 3 ù The RADAR Equation
    3.1 Introduction
    3.2 Signal Transmission and Reception
    3.3 Radar Equation in Free Space
    3.4 The Radar Cross Section of a Target
    3.5 Mathematical Modeling of the Received Signal
    3.6 Direction of Arrival and Monopulse Measurement
    Chapter 4 ù Propagation
    4.1 Introduction
    4.2 Role of the Ground
    4.3 The Role of the Troposphere
    4.4 Other Phenomena
    Chapter 5 ù Noise and Spurious Signals
    5.1 Introduction
    5.2 Thermal Noise
    5.3 Radiometric Noise
    5.4 Spurious Echoes and Clutter
    Chapter 6 ù Detection of Point Targets
    6.1 Introduction
    6.2 The Optimal Receiver (White Noise)
    6.3 Optimal Receiver for Known Non-white Noise
    6.4 Adaptive Receiver for Unknown Non-white Noise
    6.5 Space-time Adaptive Processing
    6.6 Waveform and Ambiguity Function

    Part II ù Target Detection and Tracking
    Chapter 7 ù Clutter Cancellation
    7.1 Introduction
    7.2 Waveform Selection
    7.3 Improvement Factor and Spectral Purity
    7.4 Dynamic Range and Linearity
    Chapter 8 ù Air-to-Air Detection
    8.1 Introduction
    8.2 Non-coherent Low-PRF Mode
    8.3 Pulse-compression Radar
    8.4 Low-PRF Doppler Radars (MTI)
    8.5 High-PRF Radar
    8.6 Pulse-Doppler Mode (High- and Medium-PRF)
    Chapter 9 ù Air Target Tracking
    9.1 Introduction
    9.2 Platform Motion and AttitudeùCoordinate Systems
    9.3 Single-Target Tracking (STT)
    9.4 Plot Tracking
    9.5 Track-While-Scan (TWS)
    Chapter 10 ù Ground Target Detection and Tracking
    10.1 Introduction
    10.2 Detection and Tracking of Contrasted Targets
    10.3 Detection and Tracking of Moving Ground Targets
    Chapter 11 ù Maritime Target Detection and Tracking
    11.1 Maritime Surveillance Radars
    11.2 Search Strategy
    11.3 Surface Vessel Detection
    11.4 Detection of Small Targets (Periscopes)
    11.5 Maritime Target Tracking
    11.6 Maritime Target Classification
    Chapter 12 ù Electromagnetic Pollution
    12.1 Introduction
    12.2 Electromagnetic Compatibility
    12.3 Interference from Other Radar Components
    12.4 Inter-equipment Interference on the Platform
    12.5 Unintentional Interactions

    Part III ù Ground Mapping and Imagery
    Chapter 13 ù Ground Mapping
    13.1 Introduction
    13.2 Principal Parameters
    13.3 Ground Mapping with Monopulse Sharpening
    Chapter 14 ù Radar Imagery
    14.1 Imaging Radar Applications
    14.2 Image Quality
    14.3 Special Techniques for Range Resolution
    Chapter 15 ù Synthetic Aperture Radar
    15.1 Design Principle
    15.2 SAR Ambiguities
    15.3 Spaceborne SAR
    15.4 SAR Operating Modes
    Chapter 16 ù Synthetic Aperture Radar Specific Aspects
    16.1 Migrations
    16.2 Phase Errors
    16.3 Platform Motion
    16.4 Spectral Purity
    16.5 Signal Processing
    16.6 Autofocus
    16.7 Power Budget
    16.8 Localization Accuracy
    16.9 Other Processing Methods
    Chapter 17 ù Inverse Synthetic Aperture Radar (ISAR)
    17.1 Objectives and Applications
    17.2 Preliminary Description of ISAR
    17.3 Imaging of a Ship at Sea
    Chapter 18 ù Other Observation Radars
    18.1 Millimeter-wave Radars
    18.2 Scatterometers
    18.3 Altimeters

    Part IV ù Principal Applications
    Chapter 19 ù Radar Applications and Roles
    19.1 Civil Applications
    19.2 Military Applications
    19.3 Examples of Applications
    Chapter 20 ù Design Overview
    20.1 Basic Equations
    20.2 Generic Radar Configuration
    20.3 Space Observation Radar
    20.4 Air-surveillance Radar (AEW)
    20.5 Maritime Surveillance Radar
    20.6 Battlefield Surveillance
    20.7 Interception Radar
    20.8 Tactical Support Radar
    20.9 Penetration Radar
    Chapter 21 ù Multifunction Radar
    21.1 Introduction
    21.2 Radar Modes and Functions
    21.3 Technical Specifications
    21.4 Technical Description
    Chapter 22 ù Technological Aspects
    22.1 Introduction
    22.2 The Major Stages in Technological Innovation
    22.3 Advances in Radar Components
    22.4 Space Technology

    Part V ù Radars of the Future
    Chapter 23 ù The Changing Target
    23.1 Introduction
    23.2 Electromagnetic Signature
    23.3 Radar Cross Section
    23.4 Reducing Electromagnetic Signature
    23.5 Conclusion
    Chapter 24 ù Operational Aspects
    24.1 Introduction
    24.2 RCS Values
    24.3 Detection Range
    24.4 Self-protection Range
    24.5 Missions
    Chapter 25 ù Principal Limitations of Present-day Radars
    25.1 Introduction
    25.2 Physical Limitations
    25.3 Technological Limitations
    25.3.1 Waveform
    25.3.2 Spectral Purity and Dynamic Range
    25.3.3 Data Flow
    25.3.4 Exploitation
    Chapter 26 ù Electronically Steered Antennas
    26.1 Introduction
    26.2 Operational and Technical Benefits of ESA for Airborne Radars
    26.3 Competing ESA Solutions
    26.4 Conclusion: ESA Solutions for Airborne Radars
    Chapter 27 ù Airborne and Spaceborne Radar Enhancement
    27.1 Introduction
    27.2 Response to Target RCS Reduction
    27.3 Countering Electromagnetic Threats
    27.4 Multiple and Evolving Targets; Angular Coverage
    27.5 Space Imaging Radar
    Chapter 28 ù Conclusions
    List of Acronyms
    List of Symbols
    About the Authors

Product details

  • No. of pages: 524
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © William Andrew 2007
  • Published: March 27, 2001
  • Imprint: William Andrew
  • eBook ISBN: 9780815516132

About the Authors

Philippe Lacomme

Affiliations and Expertise

Thomson-CSF Detexis Company

Jean-Claude Marchais

Affiliations and Expertise

Thomson-CSF Radars & Contre-Mesures

Jean-Philippe Hardange

Affiliations and Expertise

Thomson-CSF Detexis

Eric Normant

Affiliations and Expertise

Thomson-CSF Detexis

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