Agrochemicals in Soils

Agrochemicals in Soils

1st Edition - January 1, 1980

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  • Editors: A. Banin, U Kafkafi
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483151854

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Description

Agrochemicals in Soils contains selected papers from a joint meeting of the Soil Chemistry, Soil Fertility, and Soil Clay Mineralogy Commissions of the International Society of Soil Science, in Jerusalem, Israel. The book is organized into four parts. Parts 1 and 2 deal mostly with the chemical reactions of agrochemicals in the soil. Part 3 explores the movement of agrochemicals in the soil and Part 4 elucidates some aspects of agrochemicals and pollution. Each section begins by one or two invited papers presenting an overview of the topic of the section. Contributed papers follow reporting the results of experimental studies and theoretical analyses of related specific topics. This book will contribute to a better understanding and efficient control of the soil environment.

Table of Contents


  • Preface

    Inorganic Agrochemicals in Soils

    Fertilizers of the Future and Factors Affecting Their Role in Crop Production

    Surface Reactions of the Macro-Nutrients in Soils

    Calculation of the Chemical Stability of Nitrate in Soils

    Nitrogen Losses in Relation to Soil Profile Characteristics

    Evaluation of Fertilizers Based on Urea

    Nitrification Inhibitors - Powerful Tools to Conserve Fertilizer Nitrogen

    Organic Agrochemicals in Soils

    Surface Reactions of Low-Molecular-Weight Organics with Soil Components

    An Assessment of Methods for Determining Adsorption-Desorption of Organic Chemicals

    Sequential Extraction: an Approach to Characterizing Pesticide-Organic Matter Interactions

    Montmorillonite-Parathion Interactions in Aqueous Suspensions as Affected by the Mode of Preparation

    Behavior of Parathion on Attapulgite Surfaces

    Adsorption of Poly(Vinyl Alcohol) by Clay Minerals

    The Effect of Adsorbed Organic Materials on the Cation Exchange Capacity of Clay Minerals

    Sorption Behavior of p-Chloroaniline Residue in Soils

    Adsorption and Desorption of Methabenzthiazuron, Metamitron and Metribuzin in Soils

    The Disappearance of 2,4-D,Diallate, and Malathion from Soil and Soil Components

    Effect of some Herbicides on Biological Nitrogen Fixation and Nitrogen Mineralisation in Soil

    Effect of 3,5-Dimethyl-Tetrahydro-2-Thio-1,3,5-Thiadiazine (Dazomet) on some Soil Biological Processes

    The Effect on Soil Condition of Herbicide Use in Fruit Plantations

    The Use of Pesticides in Crop Production with Special Reference to Their Behavior in Soils

    Dynamics and Movement of Agrochemicals in Soils

    Mechanisms of Chemical Movement in Soils

    Some Processes at the Root-Soil Interface

    Evaluation of Conceptual Process Models for Solute Behavior in Soil-Water Systems

    The Use of Submodels in the Simulation of Nitrogen Transformations in Soils

    Increasing Moisture Availability by Improved Distribution of Plant Nutrients

    Modeling of the Chemical Uptake from Soil Profiles by Trees

    Soil-Water — Suction Relationships as Affected by Soil Solution Composition and Concentration

    Mass Flow of Solutes through Soil: a Comparison between Laboratory Columns and Field Plots

    Movement of Phosphorus and Sulphur in Soils of Victoria

    Agrochemicals and Pollution

    a) Heavy Metals

    Surface Reactions of Heavy Metals with Clays, Oxides, and Humic Substances

    Accumulation of Heavy Metals in Israeli Soils Irrigated with Treated Sewage Effluents - A Survey

    Availability of Soil Cadmium to Rice Plants under Oxidizing and Reducing Soil Conditions

    Phosphorus and Heavy Metal Uptake by Rye Grass from Soils Fertilized with Sesquioxide-Treated Sludges

    Limits of Heavy Metal Nutrient Fertilization

    b) Use of Sludge and Sludge Effluents in Crop Production

    Aluminum and Iron Fractions Affecting Phosphate Bonding in a Sandy Soil Treated with Sewage Water

    Accumulation of Dieldrin in Soil and Herbage following Repeated Sewage Sludge Disposal

    Improving Nitrogen Uptake by Rhodes Grass (Cloris gayana Kunth) from Treated Municipal Effluents, to Reduce Fertilizer Requirements and Prevent Water Pollution

    Response of Cotton to Irrigation with Treated Municipal Effluents

    The Effect of Irrigation and Fertilizer Regimes on Nitrate Movement below the Root Zone and on Crop Production Efficiency

    Impact and Possibilities of the Use of Sludge and Sludge Compost in Agriculture

    Appendix

    List of Participants

    Informal Summary of the Meeting (I.J. Graham-Bryce)

    Comprehensive Subject-Author Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 458
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1980
  • Published: January 1, 1980
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483151854

About the Editors

A. Banin

U Kafkafi

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