Agricultural Waste Management

Agricultural Waste Management

Problems, Processes, and Approaches

1st Edition - January 1, 1974

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  • Author: Raymond Loehr
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323145060

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Description

Agricultural Waste Management: Problems, Processes, and Approaches is a summary of the processes and approaches applicable to the solution of agricultural waste management problems. This book is organized into three part encompassing 13 chapters that is intended as a bridge between theory and practice as well as between the many disciplines that are involved in agricultural waste management. The primary focus of agricultural waste management is on the obvious problems of odor control and feedlot runoff. The first part looks into the status of agricultural waste problem and the application of engineering and scientific fundamentals to the management of these wastes. This part also deals with the role of the land in waste management, and then outlines the guidelines for the development of feasible waste management systems. The second part describes the fundamentals, principles, and benefits of various waste management processes, including biological processes, ponds and lagoons, aerobic, anaerobic, physical, and chemical treatments, and nitrogen control; as well as treatment systems, such as ponds, lagoons, and land disposal. The third part examines the integration of the most economical and equitable combination of alternative technologies into feasible waste management approaches. This work will be of great value to agricultural producers and manufacturers, scientists, and engineers.

Table of Contents


  • Preface

    The Problem

    1 Current Constraints

    Introduction

    Legal Constraints

    Social Constraints

    References

    2 Changing Practices in Agriculture

    Introduction

    Agricultural Productivity

    Labor

    Livestock and Crop Production

    Livestock Processing

    Fruit and Vegetable Production

    Seafood Production

    Fertilizer Production

    Pesticides

    Livestock, Fruit, and Vegetable Income

    Agriculture and the National Economy

    References

    3 Environmental Impact

    Introduction

    Water Quality

    Bacteria

    Air Quality

    Other Effects

    References

    4 Waste Characteristics

    Introduction

    Food Processing

    Livestock Production

    Dust and Gases

    Other Animals and Agricultural Products

    References

    Fundamentals And Processes

    5 Biological Processes

    Introduction

    Biochemical Reactions

    Basic Biological Processes

    Energy Relationships

    Microorganisms

    Biochemical Transformations

    Nutrient Needs

    Oxygen Demand Measurements

    Temperature

    Kinetics

    Notation

    References

    6 Ponds and Lagoons

    Introduction

    Oxidation Ponds

    Aerobic Ponds

    Anaerobic Lagoons

    Aerated Lagoons

    References

    7 Aerobic Treatment

    Introduction

    Aeration Systems

    Activated Sludge Processes

    Aerobic Digestion

    The Oxidation Ditch

    Rotating Biological Contactor

    Trickling Filters

    References

    8 Anaerobic Treatment

    General

    Fundamentals

    Basic Anaerobic Processes

    Application to Agricultural Wastes

    References

    9 Utilization of Agricultural Wastes

    General

    Composting

    By-Product Development

    Drying and Dehydration

    Methane Production

    Water Reclamation

    Summary

    References

    10 Land Disposal of Wastes

    Introduction

    Transformations in the Soil

    Fertilizer Applications

    Manure Disposal

    Liquid Wastes

    Application to Agricultural Wastes

    Sewage and Sewage Sludges

    References

    11 Nitrogen Control

    Introduction

    Nitrification

    Denitrification

    Algal Systems

    Ammonia Stripping

    References

    12 Physical and Chemical Treatment

    Introduction

    Disinfection

    Chemical Precipitation

    Sedimentation

    Flotation

    Incineration

    References

    Management Approaches

    13 Management

    Introduction

    Governmental Action

    Decision Making

    Joint Industrial-Municipal Cooperation

    Animal Wastes

    Food Processing Wastes

    Cropping Patterns and Soil Management

    Education and Research

    Summary

    References

    Appendix: Characteristics of Agricultural Wastes

    Author Index

    Subject Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 590
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1974
  • Published: January 1, 1974
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323145060

About the Author

Raymond Loehr

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