Agricultural Sustainability

Agricultural Sustainability

Progress and Prospects in Crop Research

1st Edition - December 11, 2012

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  • Editors: Gurbir Bhullar, Navreet Bhullar
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780124045606
  • eBook ISBN: 9780124046085

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Description

Collaboratively written by top international experts and established scientists in various fields of agricultural research, this book focuses on the state of food production and sustainability; the problems with degradation of valuable sources of land, water, and air and their effects on food crops; the increasing demand of food resources; and the challenges of food security worldwide. The book provides cutting edge scientific tools and methods of research as well as solid background information that is accessible for those who have a strong interest in agricultural research and development and want to learn more on the challenges facing the global agricultural production systems.

Key Features

  • Provides cutting edge scientific tools and available technologies for research
  • Addresses the effects of climate change and the population explosion on food supply and offers solutions to combat them
  • Written by a range of experts covering a broad range of agriculture-related disciplines

Readership

Scientists and Researchers in industry and academia working in the field of agricultural research; Graduate and postgraduate students doing research projects; Policy makers, Administrators, Funding bodies, and Research bodies.

Table of Contents

  • Contributors

    Foreword

    Preface

    Section I: Agricultural Biodiversity, Organic Farming, and New Crops

    Chapter 1. Functional Agrobiodiversity: The Key to Sustainability?

    1. Introduction

    2. Agricultural Sustainability at the Onset of the Third Millennium

    3. Agrobiodiversity: A Conceptual Framework

    4. From Agrobiodiversity to Functional Agrobiodiversity

    5. Functional Agrobiodiversity in Practice

    6. Functional Agrobiodiversity: Opportunities and Bottlenecks

    7. Conclusions

    Acknowledgements

    References

    Chapter 2. Organic Agriculture—Driving Innovations in Crop Research

    1. Introduction

    2. Soil Fertility and Organic Farming in the Tropics—Challenges and the Way Forward

    3. Plant Breeding Strategies for Organic and Low External Input Farming

    4. Functional Biodiversity and Pest Management in Organic Farming

    5. Agricultural Innovation—The Need for Transdisciplinary Research and Development

    6. Outlook

    Acknowledgements

    References

    Chapter 3. Guar: An Industrial Crop from Marginal Farms

    1. Introduction

    2. Origin, Genetics, and Breeding

    3. Water and Salt Stress

    4. Seed Composition

    5. Galactomannan Properties, Biosynthesis, and Degradation

    6. Preparation and Applications of Guar Gum

    7. Biotechnology for Guar Gum Modification

    8. Summary and Future Prospects

    References

    Section II: Effective Management of Resources (Nutrients and Water) and Crop Modelling

    Chapter 4. Nitrogen Use as a Component of Sustainable Crop Systems

    1. Introduction

    2. Principles of Crop Sustainability in Rainfed Farming

    3. Improving Nue and On-Site N Management

    4. Targeting Crop Sustainability

    Acknowledgement

    References

    Chapter 5. Potential of Management Practices and Amendments for Preventing Nutrient Deficiencies in Field Crops under Organic Cropping Systems

    1. Introduction

    2. Management Practices

    3. Agricultural Organic Amendments

    4. Industrial Organic Products/Byproducts

    5. Mineral Amendments

    6. Summary of Research Findings, Gaps, and Future Needs

    7. Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 6. Effective Management of Scarce Water Resources in North-West India

    1. Introduction

    2. The Development of Water Scarcity for Irrigation

    3. Reasons for Ground Water Depletion in Nw India

    4. “Real” Water Savings

    5. Improving Management of Water Resources

    6. Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 7. Modeling for Agricultural Sustainability: A Review

    1. Introduction

    2. Major Simulation Models

    3. Outlook

    References

    Section III: Molecular, Biotechnological, and Industrial Approaches for Enhancement of Crop Production and Quality

    Chapter 8. Biotechnological Approaches for Increasing Productivity and Sustainability of Rice Production

    1. Advances in Rice Biotechnology

    2. Approaches for Increasing Yield Potential of Rice

    3. Mapping Genes/QTLs and Marker-Assisted Breeding in Rice

    4. Broadening the Gene Pool of Rice Through Wide Hybridization

    5. Role of Anther Culture in Rice Breeding

    6. Genetic Engineering Approaches for Sustainable Rice Production and Enhanced Nutritional Qualities

    7. Advances in Functional Genomics Support Rice Breeding

    References

    Chapter 9. Biofortification of Staple Crops

    1. Introduction

    2. Biofortification: A New Tool to Reduce Micronutrient Malnutrition

    3. Micronutrient Concentration and Grain Yield

    4. Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 10. Nutrient-focused Processing of Rice

    1. Introduction

    2. Nutrient Composition of Rice Fractions

    3. Health Problems in Rice Core Regions

    4. Rice Processing

    5. Potential usages of Edible Co-products

    6. Future Scenarios of Nutrient-Focused Rice Processing

    Acknowledgements

    References

    Chapter 11. Virus Resistance Breeding in Cool Season Food Legumes: Integrating Traditional and Molecular Approaches

    1. Cool Season Food Legumes

    2. Methods of Detecting Plant Virus Diseases

    3. Source of Resistance to Viruses in CSFLs

    4. Molecular Tools for Accelerating Virus Resistance Breeding

    Acknowledgements

    References

    Section IV: Expert Advice on Policy and Developmental Aspects

    Chapter 12. Talking Agricultural Sustainability Issues—an Interview with Dr. Gurdev Khush

    Chapter 13. Economics and Politics of Farm Subsidies in India

    1. Consumer Subsidies

    2. Agricultural Subsidies

    3. Policy Prescriptions

    Chapter 14. Public-Private Partnership and Policy Reforms for Effective Agricultural Research, Development, and Training: A Viewpoint

    1. The Issue

    2. Strengths and Weaknesses of Public, Private, and Ngo Sectors

    3. International Collaboration

    4. Mechanism(S) for Establishing Public, Private, and NGO Partnership

    5. Policy Support

    Chapter 15. Contract-Farming for Production and Procurement of Mint—Lessons from Personal Experience

    1. Introduction

    2. Effective Communication—Foundation for a Good Start

    3. Start on a Low Scale and Build Confidence in the Community Before Expanding

    4. Cluster Approach for Expansion

    5. Overcoming our Own Inhibitions for Expansion

    6. Expansion was Required to Conquer Opposition from Within the Company

    7. Balancing Company’s and Farmers’ Interests

    8. Research and Development Support for Quick Expansion

    9. Farmers First

    10. Meeting Quality Goals

    11. Advisory and Extension Services

    12. Synergy with Other Organizations

    13. Concluding Remarks

    Acknowledgements

    References

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 310
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2012
  • Published: December 11, 2012
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780124045606
  • eBook ISBN: 9780124046085

About the Editors

Gurbir Bhullar

Dr. Gurbir S. Bhullar is a farming systems expert at the Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL), Switzerland. He has first-hand experience and expertise in long-term farming systems research in relation to the contemporary challenges faced by the small holder farming communities, particularly in less-privileged parts of the world. His qualifications span across agricultural and environmental sciences, and the focus of his research includes agricultural ecology, climate change mitigation and participatory research for sustainability of rural livelihoods. He undertakes multi-disciplinary and transdisciplinary research approaches, contributing to policy-making for sustainable development.

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of International Cooperation, Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL), Frick, Switzerland

Navreet Bhullar

Affiliations and Expertise

Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH), Zurich, Switzerland

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