1. Introduction. The ``new political economy''. Hypotheses and Analytical Framework. Method. Outline of the Book. 2. Background and Chronology of Events. Economic Structure and Climate. Historical Background of Issues. Sequence of Events. 3. Analysis at Country Level. France. Germany. Italy. The Netherlands. United Kingdom. Comparative Analysis of Actors at the National Level. 4. Analysis at the Community Level. E.C. Individual Actors. The Process of Interaction. 5. Conclusion. Appendix. List of Tables. Notes. References.