Agricultural and Industrial Applications Environmental Interactions

Agricultural and Industrial Applications Environmental Interactions

An Advanced Treatise

1st Edition - January 1, 1967

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  • Editor: Dewayne Torgeson
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323143028

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Description

Fungicides, Volume I: Agricultural and Industrial Applications, Environmental Interactions discusses the application, use, and environmental interactions of fungicides. This book is organized into 15 chapters that cover the commercial development of fungicide and the organism's interaction with the environment. After discussing the history of fungicides, the book presents data on world fungicide usage and how this usage is influenced by epidemiology. It then describes procedures and approaches for commercial fungicide development; practical tests and laboratory techniques for agricultural fungicide toxicity; and significance of fungicide formulation that is determined by a variety of factors, including cost and biological efficiency. The following chapters discuss technological evolution, both in chemical fungicides and in the machinery for their application for soil and seed treatment. The application of foliar and postharvest fungicides and the use of other fungicides as industrial and wood preservatives is also tackled. The last four chapters are concerned with the various interactions between fungicides and the environment which may cause them to be more or less effective. The book will be useful to researchers, advanced students, and professional workers in the fungicide field of study who are concerned with the synthesis and development of better fungicides or their mode of action.

Table of Contents


  • List of Contributors

    Preface

    Contents of Volume II

    Chapter 1. History of Fungicides

    I. Introduction

    II. The First or Sulfur Era (to 1882)

    III. The Second or Copper Era (1882-1934)

    IV. The Third or Organic Fungicide Era (1934-)

    V. Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 2. World Fungicide Usage

    I. Introduction

    II. Major Diseases on Major Crops

    III. Noncrop Uses of Fungicides

    IV. Trends in Fungicide Usage

    References

    Chapter 3. Epidemiology of Fungicidal Action

    I. Introduction

    II. Relation between the Amount of Inoculum and the Amount of Disease It Produces

    III. The Progress of an Epidemic and the Effect of Fungicides on It

    IV. The Fungicide Square: Pathogen, Host, Environment, and Fungicide

    References

    Chapter 4. Determination and Measurement of Fungitoxicity

    I. Introduction

    II. Basic Fungitoxicity Tests

    III. Practical Fungitoxicity Tests

    IV. Assessment of Results

    V. Correlation among Basic, Practical, and Field Test Results

    References

    Chapter 5. Commercial Fungicide Development

    I. Starting the Search

    II. Some Factors to Study

    III. Development Costs

    IV. Fungicides and the Law

    V. Coordination with Government Research

    VI. The Need to Succeed

    References

    Chapter 6. Formulation

    I. Introduction

    II. Types of Formulation

    III. Compatibility

    IV. Evaluation of Physical Properties of Formulations

    V. Effect of Formulation on Fungicide Performance

    VI. Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 7. Application and Use of Soil and Seed-Treatment Fungicides

    I. Introduction

    II. Soil Treatment

    III. Seed Treatment

    References

    Chapter 8. Application and Use of Foliar Fungicides

    I. Introduction

    II. Methods of Application

    III. Production of Small Particles

    IV. Movement toward the Target

    V. Deposition on the Target

    VI. Distribution on the Target

    VII. Spray Cover

    VIII. Persistence and Redistribution

    IX. Transfer of the Fungicide

    X. Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 9. Application and Use of Postharvest Fungicides

    I. Introduction

    II. Etiology of Postharvest Diseases in Relation to Control

    III. Objectives of Postharvest Fungicide Treatment

    IV. Biological and Environmental Factors Influencing the Effectiveness of the Treatment

    V. Methods of Applying Postharvest Fungicide Treatments

    VI. Properties and Applications of Specific Fungicides

    VII. Current and Future Trends in the Development of Postharvest Fungicides

    References

    Chapter 10. Application and Use of Fungicides as Industrial Preservatives

    I. Introduction

    II. Textiles

    III. Paper and Pulp

    IV. Rubber, Plastics, and Paint

    V. Electrical and Electronic Equipment

    VI. Petroleum Products

    VII. Leather

    VIII. Drug and Cosmetic Preservatives

    References

    Chapter 11. Application and Use of Fungicides in Wood Preservation

    I. Introduction

    II. Present Status of the Wood Preserving Industry

    III. Characteristics of Wood-Attacking Fungi

    IV. The Prevention of Decay without the Use of Fungicides

    V. Requirements of Wood Preservatives and General Types Used

    VI. Oil-Type Preservatives

    VII. Waterborne Preservatives

    VIII. Relation between Chemical Constitution and Toxicity to Wood-Destroying Fungi

    IX. The Effectiveness of Wood Preservatives

    X. Conventional Retentions of Wood Preservatives

    XI. Methods of Applying Preservatives

    References

    Chapter 12. Chemical and Physical Interactions

    I. Introduction

    II. The Actors

    III. The Interactions

    References

    Chapter 13. Fungicides in the Soil Environment

    I. Introduction

    II. The Fate of Fungicides in Soil

    III. Factors Affecting Fungicidal Efficiency

    IV. Specific Details Regarding Commercially Used Fungicides

    V. Future of Soil Fungicides and Research

    VI. Summary

    References

    Chapter 14. Uptake, Translocation, and Transformations by Higher Plants

    I. Introduction

    II. Uptake and Movement of Chemicals

    III. Factors Affecting Uptake and Translocation

    IV. Transformations of Fungicides within Plants

    References

    Chapter 15. Microbiological Detoxication and Other Transformations

    I. Introduction

    II. Bacterial Degradations

    III. Fungal Degradations

    IV. Toxicant Inactivation by Metabolites

    References

    Author Index

    Subject Index




Product details

  • No. of pages: 716
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1967
  • Published: January 1, 1967
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323143028

About the Editor

Dewayne Torgeson

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