Agricultural and Horticultural Engineering - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780409604696, 9781483278308

Agricultural and Horticultural Engineering

1st Edition

Principles, Models, Systems and Techniques

Authors: Clifford J Studman
eBook ISBN: 9781483278308
Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
Published Date: 27th August 1990
Page Count: 500
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Description

Agricultural and Horticultural Engineering: Principles, Models, Systems, and Techniques focuses on the developments in agriculture and horticulture, including the role of engineers in employing measures in the management of plants, animals, and machinery.
The book first offers information on the process of surveying, including tape, compass, and aerial surveying, leveling, barometric leveling with the aneroid, plane tabling, and electronic distance measurement and electronic total. The text then takes a look at models of the environment, material properties, and the relationship between stress and strain.
The publication examines workshop methods and hydraulics. Topics include soldering, electric arc welding, low temperature brazing, welding using oxygen-acetylene apparatus, hydrodynamics, and water supply requirements. The text also reviews electricity and electronics and power and thermal systems, as well as alternating voltage supplies, electrical motors, electrical safety, power and energy consumption, and the fundamental principles of electronics.
The manuscript is a dependable reference for engineers and readers interested in agricultural and horticultural engineering.

Table of Contents


Table of Contents

References Are to Paragraph Numbers

A More Detailed List of Subjects Appears at the Start of Each New Chapter

Preface

Acknowledgments

Disclaimer

List of Sources

Table of Contents

Chapter One

The Engineering Approach

Introduction

Models Or Practicalities?

The Modeling Approach

About This Textbook

The Use of Words in this Book

A Special Message to Agricultural and Horticultural Students

The Engineering Approach

Contract Management

Exercises

Aims of this Chapter

References

Chapter Two

Surveying

Introduction

Tape Surveying

Compass Surveying

Aerial Surveying

Leveling

Barometric Leveling with the Aneroid

Abney Clinometer

Cowley Level

The Dumpy Level

The Theodolite

Tacheometry Or Stadia Surveying

Electronic Distance Measurement and Electronic Total Stations

Plane Tabling

Calculation of Volumes

Setting Out For Earthworks

Problems

Aims of this Chapter

References

Chapter Three

Models of Our World

Introduction

Models of the Environment—An Overview of Physical Models (Laws)

Models of Material Properties

Models of the Interactions Between Materials and Their Environments

Models of the Response to Loading of Solids

The Relationship Between Stress and Strain

Hardness

Other Types of Matter

Movement

Momentum

Getting A Reaction

Friction

Distributed Loads

Frameworks

Elastic Model of A Bending Beam

Work, Energy and Power

Temperature and Heat

Light and Electromagnetic Radiation

Conservation of Energy

Energy Units

Efficiency

Further Problems

Aims of this Chapter

References

Chapter Four

Workshop Methods

Introduction

Soldering

Welding Using Oxygen-Acetylene Apparatus

Electric Arc Welding

Low Temperature Brazing

Bronze Welding

Notes On The Use of Farm Workshop Tools

Exercises

Aims of this Chapter

References

Chapter Five

Hydraulics

Introduction

Water Supply Requirements

Basic Properties

Hydrostatics

Hydrodynamics

Measurement of Flow Rate in Pipes

Head Loss, Pumping and Bernoulli's Equation

Head Loss in A Pipe

Design Criterion For Water Supplies

Estimation of Head Loss

Systems Curves

Pumps

Types of Pump

Wells (Bores)

Farm Dams

Installation Notes

Irrigation Systems

Sub-Surface Irrigation

Surface Irrigation

Sprinkler Irrigation

Trickle Irrigation

Horticultural Spraying

Water Hammer

Drainage

Exercises

Aims of this Chapter

References

Chapter Six

Electricity and Electronics

Introduction

Fundamental Principles of Electronics

Ohm's Law

Power and Energy Consumption

Batteries

Types of Circuit Component

Using and Interfacing Electronic Equipment

Digital Circuits

The Electronics of Computers

Interfacing Digital Circuits

Exercises

Aims of this Chapter

References

Chapter Seven

Power Systems And Thermal Systems

Introduction

Electrical Power

Alternating Voltage Supplies

Electrical Power Generation and Distribution

Electric Motors

Electrical Safety

Internal Combustion Engines

Refrigeration

Heat Transfer

Heat Exchangers

Fans

Alternative Power Sources

Energy Conservation

Exercises

Aims of this Chapter

References

Chapter Eight

Buildings: Materials, Designs and Construction

Introduction

Soils and Foundations

Foundations

Concrete

Timber

Steel and Other Metals

Construction Systems

Greenhouses

Housing For Stock

Fruit Support Structures

Exercises

Aims of this Chapter

References

Chapter Nine

Fencing

Introduction

Fencing Wire

Posts, Battens and Stays

End Strainer Assemblies

Securing Posts in Soil

Fencing Designs

Electric Fencing

Permanent Electric Fence Designs

Protection of Young Trees and Shelter Belts From Stock

Pest Control

Exercises

Aims of this Chapter

References

Chapter Ten

Milking Machines

Introduction

Physiology of Milking and Its Effect On Management

The Milking Machine

Pipe Sizes in Milking Plants

Milking Machine Materials

Cleaning Methods and Materials

The Effect of the Milking Machine On Mastitis

Coolers and Vats

Energy Conservation

Developments in Milking Systems

Milking Shed Design

Siting and Regulations

Races and Yards

General Construction

Disposal of Cow Shed Wastes

Automation

Exercises

Aims of this Chapter

References

Chapter Eleven

Post Harvest Systems

Introduction

Behaviour of Crops After Harvest

Post Harvest Processing

Cooling Capacity Calculations

Storage After Cooling

Marketing

Exercises

Aims of this Chapter

References

Chapter Twelve

Our Environment, Its Measurement, Destruction and Protection

The Atmosphere

Environmental Measurements and Instruments

Environmental Pollution

Types of Pollution

Measurement of Pollution

Methods of Treatment

Problems in Densely Populated Countries and Colder Climates

Exercises

Aims of this Chapter

References

Appendix

Units, Multiples and Conversion Between Systems of Units

Method For Converting Units

Area Formula

Index


Details

No. of pages:
500
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Butterworth-Heinemann 1990
Published:
Imprint:
Butterworth-Heinemann
eBook ISBN:
9781483278308

About the Author

Clifford J Studman