Agenda Relevance: A Study in Formal Pragmatics

Agenda Relevance: A Study in Formal Pragmatics

1st Edition - May 29, 2003

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  • Editors: Dov M. Gabbay, John Woods
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080526874

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Description

Agenda Relevance is the first volume in the authors' omnibus investigation ofthe logic of practical reasoning, under the collective title, A Practical Logicof Cognitive Systems. In this highly original approach, practical reasoning isidentified as reasoning performed with comparatively few cognitive assets,including resources such as information, time and computational capacity. Unlikewhat is proposed in optimization models of human cognition, a practical reasonerlacks perfect information, boundless time and unconstrained access tocomputational complexity. The practical reasoner is therefore obliged to be acognitive economizer and to achieve his cognitive ends with considerableefficiency. Accordingly, the practical reasoner avails himself of variousscarce-resource compensation strategies. He also possesses neurocognitivetraits that abet him in his reasoning tasks. Prominent among these is thepractical agent's striking (though not perfect) adeptness at evading irrelevantinformation and staying on task. On the approach taken here, irrelevancies areimpediments to the attainment of cognitive ends. Thus, in its most basic sense,relevant information is cognitively helpful information. Information can then besaid to be relevant for a practical reasoner to the extent that it advances orcloses some cognitive agenda of his. The book explores this idea with aconceptual detail and nuance not seen the standard semantic, probabilistic andpragmatic approaches to relevance; but wherever possible, the authors seek tointegrate alternative conceptions rather than reject them outright. A furtherattraction of the agenda-relevance approach is the extent to which its principalconceptual findings lend themselves to technically sophisticated re-expressionin formal models that marshal the resources of time and action logics andlabel led deductive systems. Agenda Relevance is necessary reading for researchers in logic, beliefdynamics, computer science, AI, psychology and neuroscience, linguistics,argumentation theory, and legal reasoning and forensic science, and will repaystudy by graduate students and senior undergraduates in these same fields.Key features:• relevance• action and agendas• practical reasoning• belief dynamics• non-classical logics• labelled deductive systems

Table of Contents

  • Preface.



    I. Logic.



    1. Introduction



    2. Practical Logic

    2.1 PLCS and Cognitive Systems

    2.2 Practical Reasoning

    2.3 Practical Agency

    2.4 Practical Logics

    2.4.1 The Method of Intuitions

    2.5 Allied Disciplines

    2.6 Psychologism

    2.6.1 Issues in Cognitive Science



    3. Logical Agents

    3.1 Heuristics and Limitations

    3.2 Three Problems

    3.2.1 The Complexity Problem

    3.2.2 The Approximation Problem

    3.2.3 The Consequence Problem

    3.2.4 Truth Conditions, Rules and State Conditions

    3.2.5 Rules Redux

    3.2.6 Logics for Down Below



    4. Formal Pragmatics

    4.1 Pragmatics

    4.2 Theoretical Recalcitrance

    4.3 Analysis



    II. Conceptual Models for Relevance



    5. Propositional Relevance

    5.1 Introductory Remark

    5.2 Propositional Relevance

    5.3 Legal Relevance

    5.4 Topical Relevance

    5.5 Topical Relevance and Computation

    5.6 Targets for a Theory of Relevance

    5.7 Freeman and Cohen

    5.7.1 Freeman

    5.7.2 Cohen



    6. Contextual Effects

    6.1 Introductory Remarks

    6.2 Contextual Effects

    6.3 In The Head

    6.4 Inconsistency Management

    6.4.1 Bounded Rationality

    6.5 Is Inconsistency Pervasive?

    6.5.1 A Case in Point: Mechanizing Cognition

    6.6 Further Difficulties

    6.7 Reclaiming SW-Relevance?

    6.8 The Grice Condition

    6.8.1 Relevance To and For



    7. Agenda Relevance

    7.1 Adequacy Conditions

    7.2 The Basic Idea

    7.2.1 Causality

    7.3 Belief

    7.4 Corroboration

    7.5 Probability

    7.6 Agendas: A First Pass

    7.7 Cognitive Agency

    7.8 Propositional Relevance Revisited



    8. Agendas

    8.1 Plans

    8.2 Representation

    8.3 Agendas Again

    8.3.1 Agendas: Transparent and Tacit

    8.4 MEM and KARO-agendas

    8.4.1 MEM Agendas

    8.5 A Formal Interlude



    9. Adequacy Conditions Fulfilled?

    9.1 Subjective Relevance

    9.2 Meta-agendas

    9.3 Comparative Relevance

    9.4 Hyper-relevance

    9.5 Hunches

    9.6 Misinformation

    9.7 Dialectical Relevance

    9.7.1 Fallacies of Relevance

    9.8 Semantic Distribution

    9.9 Relevant Logic, Pittsburgh Style

    9.10 Revision and Update

    9.11 The Relevant Thing



    10. Objective Relevance

    10.1 Normative Theories

    10.2 Relevance Naturalized?

    10.2.1 Reflective Equilibrium

    10.3 Objective Relevance

    10.4 Modularity

    10.5 Inference

    10.6 Reconsidering Normative Relevance

    10.7 Schizophrenia

    10.8 Reprise



    III. Formal Models for Relevance



    11. A Logic for Agenda Relevance

    11.1 Conceptual Analysis

    11.1.1 Complexity, Approximation and Consequence

    11.2 Formalization

    11.3 Overview of the Model

    11.4 How to Proceed

    11.4.1 Bidirectional Coverage and Fit



    12. A General Theory of Logical Systems

    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Logical Systems

    12.3 Examples of Logical Systems

    12.4 Refining the Notion of a Logical System

    12.4.1 Structured Consequence

    12.4.2 Algorithmic Structured Consequence Relation

    12.4.3 Mechanisms

    12.4.4 Modes of Evaluation

    12.4.5 TAR-Logics (Time, Action and Revision)



    13. Labelled Deductive Systems

    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 Labelled Deduction

    13.2.1 Labelled Deduction Rules

    13.2.2 Non-classical Use of Labels

    13.2.3 The Theory of Labelled Deductive Systems

    13.2.4 Hunches and Guesses

    13.2.5 Contextual Effects



    14. Relevance Logics

    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Anderson--Belnap Relevant Logic

    14.3 Formulation of AB Relevance

    14.4 Properties of the Goal Directed Formulation

    14.5 Deductive Relevance

    14.6 The Cut Rule for Deductive Relevance



    15. Formal Model of Agenda Relevance

    15.1 Introduction

    15.2 The Simple Agenda Model

    15.3 Intermediate Agenda Model

    15.4 Case Studies



    16. Conclusion

    16.1 Introduction

    16.2 Quantification

    16.3 Some Tail Ends



    Bibliography

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 524
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © North Holland 2003
  • Published: May 29, 2003
  • Imprint: North Holland
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080526874

About the Serial Editors

Dov M. Gabbay

Dov M. Gabbay is Augustus De Morgan Professor Emeritus of Logic at the Group of Logic, Language and Computation, Department of Computer Science, King's College London. He has authored over four hundred and fifty research papers and over thirty research monographs. He is editor of several international Journals, and many reference works and Handbooks of Logic.

Affiliations and Expertise

Augustus De Morgan Professor Emeritus of Logic at the Group of Logic, Language and Computation, Department of Computer Science, King's College London.

John Woods

Affiliations and Expertise

University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada

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