Aeronomy

Aeronomy

1st Edition - January 28, 1973

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  • Authors: P. M. Banks, G. Kockarts
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483260068

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Description

Aeronomy, Part B discusses the scientific discipline devoted to the study of the composition, movement, and thermal balance of planetary atmospheres. The book presents the comprehensive exposition of the basic processes involved in the aeronomy of the earth’s upper atmosphere. It demonstrates the chemical, ionic reactions, and the different collisional interactions involving particles and radiation. The text describes the molecular diffusion and its effects in producing the transition from homogeneous molecular gases of lower atmosphere to the heterogeneous atomic and molecular gases of the upper atmosphere. It also discusses the simple models of the ionospheres. Another topic of interest is the calculations of atmospheric photoionization. The section that follows describes the satellite and external hyperbolic particles. The book will provide valuable insights for engineers, scientists, students, and researchers in the field of space science.

Table of Contents


  • Preface

    Acknowledgments

    Contents of Part A

    Chapter 14. Thermal Structure of the Heterosphere

    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Conservation Equations

    14.3 Viscosity and Heat Conductivity

    14.4 Energy Sources and Sinks

    14.5 Working Models

    References

    Chapter 15. Effects of Diffusion in the Heterosphere

    15.1 Introduction

    15.2 Diffusion Equation

    15.3 Diffusion Coefficients

    15.4 Maximum Transport Velocities

    15.5 Effusion Velocities

    15.6 Helium Distribution

    15.7 Deuterium Distribution

    15.8 Atomic Hydrogen Distribution

    References

    Chapter 16. The Neutral Exosphere

    16.1 Introduction

    16.2 Method Based on Liouville's Theorem

    16.3 Method Based on Boltzmann's Equation

    16.4 Critical Level

    16.5 Terrestrial Exosphere up to 50,000 km Altitude

    16.6 Satellite and External Hyperbolic Particles

    16.7 Temperature in the Exosphere

    16.8 Total Content

    References

    Chapter 17. Formation of the Ionosphere

    17.1 Introduction

    17.2 Absorption of Radiation

    17.3 Production of Ionization

    17.4 Calculations of Atmospheric Photoionization

    17.5 Other Sources of Ionization

    References

    Chapter 18. Ionospheric Processes

    18.1 Introduction

    18.2 Simple Models of the Ionosphere

    18.3 Ionization in the D Region

    18.4 Ionization in the E Region

    18.5 Ionization in the F1 Region

    References

    Chapter 19. Plasma Transport

    19.1 Introduction

    19.2 Equations of Plasma Transport

    19.3 Ambipolar Diffusion

    19.4 Ionospheric Motions: Diffusion and Convection

    19.5 Diffusion in the Ionosphere: Multiple Ion Species

    19.6 Ion Diffusion Coefficients

    References

    Chapter 20. Ionospheric Transport Processes

    20.1 Introduction

    20.2 Transport with a Single Ion Species

    20.3 The F2 Region

    References

    Chapter 21. Physical Processes in the Topside Ionosphere

    21.1 Introduction

    21.2 Hydrogen Ions

    21.3 Helium Ions

    21.4 Ion Density Distributions

    21.5 Basic Equations

    21.6 Diffusive Equilibrium for a Multicomponent Plasma

    21.7 Low Speed Plasma Flow

    21.8 High Speed Plasma Flow

    21.9 The Polar Wind

    References

    Chapter 22. Thermal Processes of the Ionosphere

    22.1 Introduction

    22.2 Energy Balance Equations

    22.3 The Electron Energy Balance

    22.4 Photoelectrons

    22.5 Other Sources of Plasma Heating

    22.6 Energy Losses of Electrons and Ions

    22.7 Plasma Thermal Conductivity

    22.8 Effects of Electron Heat Conduction

    References

    Chapter 23. Electron and Ion Temperatures

    23.1 Electron Temperatures

    23.2 Ion Temperatures

    23.3 Conjugate Region Heating

    23.4 Subauroral Red Arcs

    23.5 Thermal Effects of Auroras

    23.6 The Polar Wind

    References

    Appendix B. Working Models of the Thermosphere

    Author Index for Part B

    Subject Index for Parts A and B

Product details

  • No. of pages: 372
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1973
  • Published: January 28, 1973
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483260068

About the Authors

P. M. Banks

G. Kockarts

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