Adverse Effects of Engineered Nanomaterials - 2nd Edition - ISBN: 9780128091999, 9780128094907

Adverse Effects of Engineered Nanomaterials

2nd Edition

Exposure, Toxicology, and Impact on Human Health

Editors: Bengt Fadeel Antonio Pietroiusti Anna Shvedova
eBook ISBN: 9780128094907
Hardcover ISBN: 9780128091999
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 2nd March 2017
Page Count: 486
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Description

Adverse Effects of Engineered Nanomaterials: Exposure, Toxicology, and Impact on Human Health, Second Edition, provides a systematic evaluation of representative engineered nanomaterials (ENM) of high volume production and their high economic importance. Each class of nanomaterials discussed includes information on what scientists, industry, regulatory agencies, and the general public need to know about nanosafety.

Written by leading international experts in nanotoxicology and nanomedicine, this book gives a comprehensive view of the health impact of ENM, focusing on their potential adverse effects in exposed workers, consumers, and patients. All chapters have been updated with new sections on the endocrine system and other organ systems. In addition, other newly added sections include introductory chapters on the physio-chemical characterization of nanomaterials and interactions between nanomaterials and biological systems, as well as a new chapter that explores risk assessment and management of nanomaterials.

This book fills an important need in terms of bridging the gap between experimental findings and human exposure to ENM, also detailing the clinical and pathological consequences of such exposure in the human population.

Key Features

  • Uses a schematic, non-exhaustive approach to summarizes the most important research data in this field
  • Discusses the health implications of experimental data in nanotoxicology
  • Presents a completely revised edition that focuses on the human health impacts of engineered nanomaterials, including many organ-specific chapters

Readership

This book is intended for those directly involved in the field of nanosafety, namely professionals in toxicology, pharmacology, occupational medicine, clinical medicine and nanomedicine. Workers concerned with safety in the pharmaceutics, cosmetics and public health industries, as well as policy makers developing regulatory frameworks and nanotechnology industries/enterprises

Table of Contents

Section A: Engineered nanomaterials: Hazard, exposure, risk assessment

Chapter 1: Bio–Nano Interactions

  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Protein Corona on Nanoparticles
  • Development of the Protein Corona
  • Impact of the NP-Biomolecule Corona on Human Systems
  • Nanotoxicity and the Biomolecule Corona
  • Conclusions
  • Take-Home Messages
  • Acknowledgments

Chapter 2: Physicochemical Characterization

  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Overview of Key Physicochemical Parameters
  • Modalities of Physicochemical Characterization
  • Sample Preparation and Dispersion Media
  • Data Collection and Interpretation
  • Take-Home Messages
  • Acknowledgments
  • Disclaimer

Chapter 3: Toxicity Tests: In Vitro and In Vivo

  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Methods for Visualizing Cellular Uptake and Biodistribution
  • Evaluation of Transport and Uptake of ENM In Vitro and In Vivo
  • In Vitro Toxicity Tests
  • In Vivo Toxicity Testing
  • Considerations for Selection of Toxicity Tests: In Vitro/In Vivo Comparison
  • Conclusions
  • Take-Home Messages
  • Acknowledgments

Chapter 4: Computational Approaches

  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Challenges in Modeling Nanoparticle Biological Effects
  • Examples of Nanotoxicology Modeling Approaches
  • Elucidating Interactions Between Nanomaterials and Proteins
  • Other Modeling Approaches for Nanotoxicology
  • Conclusions
  • Take-Home Messages

Chapter 5: Exposure Assessment

  • Abstract
  • Background
  • How can Workers be Exposed to ENMs?
  • Exposure Routes
  • Characterization of Behavior of ENMs
  • Challenges to Assess Exposure to ENMs
  • Exposure Assessment of ENMs in Workplaces
  • Take-Home Messages

Chapter 6: Biomonitoring

  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Issues in the Development of Biomarkers for Engineered Nanomaterials
  • Factors Affecting Biomarkers of Exposure
  • Biomarkers of Effects
  • Genetic and Epigenetic Biomarkers
  • Toward Nanospecific and Predictive Biomarkers
  • Biomonitoring in Health Surveillance and Epidemiology
  • Biomonitoring Programs: Practical and Ethical Considerations
  • Conclusions
  • Take-Home Messages

Chapter 7: Regulation and Legislation

  • Abstract
  • Background
  • Risk Assessment of Nanomaterials
  • Regulation Areas for Nanomaterials
  • United States
  • European Union
  • Korea
  • Japan
  • Take-Home Messages
  • Acknowledgments
  • Disclaimer

Chapter 8: Risk Assessment and Risk Management

  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Consideration of Exposure for Nanomaterial Risk Assessment
  • Nanomaterial Hazard Assessment by Toxicological Properties
  • Grouping of Nanomaterials to Streamline Hazard and Risk Assessment
  • Consideration of Cellular and Apical Effects for Nanomaterial Grouping
  • Nanomaterial Risk Assessment and Risk Management
  • Conclusions
  • Take-Home Messages

Section B: Engineered nanomaterials: Adverse effects on human health

Chapter 9: Respiratory System, Part One: Basic Mechanisms

  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Nanoparticle Deposition and Clearance From the Lungs
  • Pulmonary Responses
  • Processes and Mechanisms Underlying Particle-Induced Effects in the Pleuro-Pulmonary System
  • Conclusions
  • Acknowledgments

Chapter 10: Respiratory System, Part Two: Allergy and Asthma

  • Abstract
  • Allergic Reactions and Asthma
  • Engineered Nanoparticles and Allergy
  • Carbon Nanotubes and Allergic Pulmonary Inflammation
  • Modulation of Allergen-Induced Airway Inflammation by CNTs
  • Mechanisms of CNT-Induced/Mediated Allergic Responses
  • Conclusions
  • Take-Home Messages
  • Acknowledgments
  • Disclaimer

Chapter 11: Cardiovascular System

  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Diagnostic Applications in Cardiovascular Disease
  • Particokinetics of Nanomaterials for Diagnostic Use
  • Combustion-Derived Nanoparticles in Cardiovascular Disease
  • Toxicity of Engineered Nanoparticles in Cardiovascular Disease
  • Conclusions

Chapter 12: Neurological System

  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • ENM Translocation to and Within the Nervous System
  • ENM Interactions With Biological Structures Including the Nervous System
  • Biotransformation and Persistence of ENMs in the Nervous System
  • Adverse Effects of ENMs Related to Nervous System Functions and Disease
  • Risk Assessment of Nanomaterials
  • Take-Home Messages

Chapter 13: Immune System

  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Innate Immune Responses
  • The Immune System Strikes Back
  • Complement Activation
  • Adaptive Immune Responses
  • Nanomaterials and Allergies
  • Immunosuppression by Nanomaterials
  • Definitely Not Innocent Bystanders
  • Turning the Tables: Biomedical Applications
  • Take-Home Messages
  • Acknowledgments

Chapter 14: Endocrine System

  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Which Endocrine Organs are Disrupted by NMs?
  • How Do NMs Functionally Disrupt Endocrine Organs?
  • The Biological Mechanisms of Effects on Organs
  • Take-Home Messages

Chapter 15: Skin

  • Abstract
  • Skin Anatomy and Functions
  • Nanoparticle Penetration
  • Toxicity Studies
  • Take-Home Messages

Chapter 16: Gastrointestinal System

  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Conditions and Barriers in the Gastrointestinal Tract
  • Uptake of Nanomaterials in the Gastrointestinal Tract
  • Potential Toxicity of Nanomaterials in the Gastrointestinal Tract
  • Conclusions
  • Take-Home Messages
  • Acknowledgments

Chapter 17: Reproduction and Development

  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Fertility
  • Nanoparticles and Developmental Toxicity
  • Discussion
  • Take-Home Messages

Chapter 18: Genotoxicity and Cancer

  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Primary Mechanisms for Genotoxicity
  • Secondary Mechanisms for Genotoxicity
  • From Genotoxicity to Cancer
  • Carbon–Based Nanomaterials
  • Metallic Nanoparticles
  • Metal Oxides
  • Conclusions and Future Directions

Details

No. of pages:
486
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 2017
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780128094907
Hardcover ISBN:
9780128091999

About the Editor

Bengt  Fadeel

Bengt Fadeel

BENGT FADEEL is Professor of Medical Inflammation Research at the Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden, and Adjunct Professor of Environmental and Occupational Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA. He served as Vice Chairman of the Institute of Environmental Medicine from 2009-2013. He received his M.D. and Ph.D. degrees from Karolinska Institutet and was elected as a Fellow of the Academy of Toxicological Sciences in 2012. He is a current or past member or coordinator of several EU-funded projects on nanosafety, including NANOMMUNE, MARINA, NANOREG, SUN, and NANOSOLUTIONS, and member of the EU-funded GRAPHENE Flagship Project, and of the national MISTRA Environmental Nanosafety consortium. Dr. Fadeel is also Chair of the Working Group on Systems Biology in the EU Nanosafety Cluster and a member of the WHO-IPCS Working Group on principles and methods to assess the immunotoxicity of nanomaterials. He is Chair of the Scientific Panel of the National Platform for Nanosafety in Sweden. He is author or co-author of more than 200 original papers and review articles to date. Dr. Fadeel was awarded the national Environmental Medicine Prize by the Cancer and Allergy Foundation in 2011 for his research on the opportunities and risks of the emerging nanotechnologies.

Affiliations and Expertise

Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden

Antonio Pietroiusti

Antonio Pietroiusti

ANTONIO PIETROIUSTI received his habilitation as Associate Professor in Occupational Medicine from the Italian Ministry of Education, University and Research in 2013 and he teaches Occupational Medicine at the Faculty of Medicine and Surgery of the University of Rome Tor Vergata (English course). He is also professor of Occupational Medicine at the University “Nostra Signora del Buon Consiglio” of Tirana, Albania. He is/has been member or coordinator of several national projects funded by the Italian Ministry of Health and by the Italian Ministry of Education, University and Research. He is/has been member of two Seventh Framework Program projects on nanosafety including FP7-MARINA and member of one Seventh Framework Program project on the EU/LAC cooperation. He is Editor of the newsletter of the Toxicology Group of the Royal Chemical Society (UK), and served as co-editor of the special issue on Nanotoxicology published by the journal Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology in 2016. He was awarded by the Italian Society of Occupational Medicine in 2012 for his scientific activity in Occupational Medicine. He is author or co-author of 120 scientific articles.

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Biomedicine and Prevention, Tor Vergata University, Rome, Italy

Anna  Shvedova

Anna Shvedova

ANNA A. SHVEDOVA is Lead Research Physiologist at National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) at the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and Adjunct Professor of the Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, School of Medicine and Adjunct Professor of the Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy of West Virginia University, WV. Dr. Shvedova received her Ph.D. and D.Sc. degrees from Moscow University, Russia and is currently Principal Investigator of a number of NORA/National Occupational Research Agenda and NTRC/Nanotechnology Research Center projects at the Exposure Assessment Branch/NIOSH/CDC. Dr. Shvedova was founder and first President of the Dermal Toxicology Specialty Section of the Society of Toxicology (SOT). She is member of advisory board committees for US Army, Air Force and NASA projects and served as workpackage leader in the FP7-NANOMMUNE project (2008-2011), and she is a partner of the FP7-NANOSOLUTIONS project (2011-2017) and member of the ethical board review of the Graphene Flagship Project of the European Commission (2016-2020). Dr. Shvedova has been honored with the SOT Public Communication Award in 2001; Alice Hamilton NIOSH Award for paper of the year in Occupational Safety and Health in 2006, 2009; Bullard-Sherwood Award: Research for Practice in 2011, and Women in Toxicology SOT Award in 2007. Dr. Shvedova is board member of the working group on Skin Notation at NIOSH/CDC, Associate Editor of Toxicology & Applied Pharmacology, and Editorial Board Member of Regulatory Toxicology & Pharmacology. Dr. Shvedova is author or co-author of more than 160 scientific articles and book chapters.

Affiliations and Expertise

Exposure Assessment Branch, Health Effects Laboratory Division, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Morgantown, WV, USA

Ratings and Reviews