Advances in Thermal Energy Storage Systems - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9781782420880, 9781782420965

Advances in Thermal Energy Storage Systems

1st Edition

Methods and Applications

Editors: Luisa F. Cabeza
eBook ISBN: 9781782420965
Hardcover ISBN: 9781782420880
Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
Published Date: 10th October 2014
Page Count: 612
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Table of Contents

  • List of contributors
  • Woodhead Publishing Series in Energy
  • Preface
  • 1: Introduction to thermal energy storage (TES) systems
    • Abstract
    • 1.1 Introduction
    • 1.2 Basic thermodynamics of energy storage
    • 1.3 Overview of system types
    • 1.4 Environmental impact and energy savings produced
    • 1.5 Conclusions
    • Acknowledgements
  • Part One: Sensible heat storage systems
    • 2: Using water for heat storage in thermal energy storage (TES) systems
      • Abstract
      • 2.1 Introduction
      • 2.2 Principles of sensible heat storage systems involving water
      • 2.3 Advances in the use of water for heat storage
      • 2.4 Future trends
    • 3: Using molten salts and other liquid sensible storage media in thermal energy storage (TES) systems
      • Abstract
      • 3.1 Introduction
      • 3.2 Principles of heat storage systems using molten salts and other liquid sensible storage media
      • 3.3 Advances in molten salt storage
      • 3.4 Advances in other liquid sensible storage media
      • 3.5 Future trends
      • Acknowledgements
    • 4: Using concrete and other solid storage media in thermal energy storage (TES) systems
      • Abstract
      • 4.1 Introduction
      • 4.2 Principles of heat storage in solid media
      • 4.3 State-of-the-art regenerator-type storage
      • 4.4 Advances in the use of solid storage media for heat storage
    • 5: The use of aquifers as thermal energy storage (TES) systems
      • Abstract
      • 5.1 Introduction
      • 5.2 Thermal sources
      • 5.3 Aquifier thermal energy storage (ATES)
      • 5.4 Thermal and geophysical aspects
      • 5.5 ATES design
      • 5.6 ATES cooling only case study: Richard Stockton College of New Jersey
      • 5.7 ATES district heating and cooling with heat pumps case study: Eindhoven University of Technology
      • 5.8 ATES heating and cooling with de-icing case study: ATES plant at Stockholm Arlanda Airport
      • 5.9 Conclusion
      • Acknowledgements
    • 6: The use of borehole thermal energy storage (BTES) systems
      • Abstract
      • 6.1 Introduction
      • 6.2 System integration of borehole thermal energy storage (BTES)
      • 6.3 Investigation and design of BTES construction sites
      • 6.4 Construction of borehole heat exchangers (BHEs) and BTES
      • 6.5 Examples of BTES
      • 6.6 Conclusion and future trends
    • 7: Analysis, modeling and simulation of underground thermal energy storage (UTES) systems
      • Abstract
      • 7.1 Introduction
      • 7.2 Aquifer thermal energy storage (ATES) system
      • 7.3 Borehole thermal energy storage (BTES) system
      • 7.4 FEFLOW as a tool for simulating underground thermal energy storage (UTES)
      • 7.5 Applications
      • Appendix: Nomenclature
  • Part Two: Latent heat storage systems
    • 8: Using ice and snow in thermal energy storage systems
      • Abstract
      • 8.1 Introduction
      • 8.2 Principles of thermal energy storage systems using snow and ice
      • 8.3 Design and implementation of thermal energy storage using snow
      • 8.4 Full-scale applications
      • 8.5 Future trends
    • 9: Using solid-liquid phase change materials (PCMs) in thermal energy storage systems
      • Abstract
      • 9.1 Introduction
      • 9.2 Principles of solid-liquid phase change materials (PCMs)
      • 9.3 Shortcomings of PCMs in thermal energy storage systems
      • 9.4 Methods to determine the latent heat capacity of PCMs
      • 9.5 Methods to determine other physical and technical properties of PCMs
      • 9.6 Comparison of physical and technical properties of key PCMs
      • 9.7 Future trends
    • 10: Microencapsulation of phase change materials (PCMs) for thermal energy storage systems
      • Abstract
      • 10.1 Introduction
      • 10.2 Microencapsulation of phase change materials (PCMs)
      • 10.3 Shape-stabilized PCMs
    • 11: Design of latent heat storage systems using phase change materials (PCMs)
      • Abstract
      • 11.1 Introduction
      • 11.2 Requirements and considerations for the design
      • 11.3 Design methodologies
      • 11.4 Applications of latent heat storage systems incorporating PCMs
      • 11.5 Future trends
    • 12: Modelling of heat transfer in phase change materials (PCMs) for thermal energy storage systems
      • Abstract
      • 12.1 Introduction
      • 12.2 Inherent physical phenomena in phase change materials (PCMs)
      • 12.3 Modelling methods and approaches for the simulation of heat transfer in PCMs for thermal energy storage
      • 12.4 Examples of modelling applications
      • 12.5 Future trends
    • 13: Integrating phase change materials (PCMs) in thermal energy storage systems for buildings
      • Abstract
      • 13.1 Introduction
      • 13.2 Integration of phase change materials (PCMs) into the building envelope: physical considerations and heuristic arguments
      • 13.3 Organic and inorganic PCMs used in building walls
      • 13.4 PCM containment
      • 13.5 Measurement of the thermal properties of PCM and PCM integrated in building walls
      • 13.6 Experimental studies
      • 13.7 Numerical studies
      • 13.8 Conclusions
  • Part Three: Thermochemical heat storage systems
    • 14: Using thermochemical reactions in thermal energy storage systems
      • Abstract
      • 14.1 Introduction
      • 14.2 Applications of reversible gas–gas reactions
      • 14.3 Applications of reversible gas–solid reactions
      • 14.4 Conclusion
    • 15: Modeling thermochemical reactions in thermal energy storage systems
      • Abstract
      • 15.1 Introduction
      • 15.2 Grain model technique (Mampel’s approach)
      • 15.3 Reactor model technique (continuum approach)
      • 15.4 Molecular simulation methods: quantum chemical simulations (DFT)
      • 15.5 Molecular simulation methods: statistical mechanics
      • 15.6 Molecular simulation methods: molecular dynamics (MD)
      • 15.7 Properties estimation from molecular dynamics simulation
      • 15.8 Examples
      • 15.9 Conclusion and future trends
      • Acknowledgements
  • Part Four: Systems operation and applications
    • 16: Monitoring and control of thermal energy storage systems
      • Abstract
      • 16.1 Introduction
      • 16.2 Overview of state-of-the-art monitoring and control of thermal energy storage systems
      • 16.3 Stand-alone control and monitoring of heating devices
      • 16.4 Data logging and heat metering of heating devices
      • 16.5 Future trends in the monitoring and control of thermal storage systems
    • 17: Thermal energy storage systems for heating and hot water in residential buildings
      • Abstract
      • 17.1 Introduction
      • 17.2 Requirements for thermal energy storage in individual residential buildings
      • 17.3 Sensible heat storage for space heating in individual residential buildings
      • 17.4 Latent and sorption heat storage for space heating in individual residential buildings
      • 17.5 Thermal energy storage for domestic hot water and combined systems in individual residential buildings
      • 17.6 Conclusions and future trends
    • 18: Thermal energy storage systems for district heating and cooling
      • Abstract
      • 18.1 Introduction
      • 18.2 District heating and cooling overview
      • 18.3 Advances in applications of thermal energy storage systems
      • 18.4 Future trends
    • 19: Thermal energy storage (TES) systems using heat from waste
      • Abstract
      • 19.1 Introduction
      • 19.2 Generation of waste process heat in different industries
      • 19.3 Application of thermal energy storage (TES) for valorization of waste process heat
      • 19.4 Conclusions
    • 20: Thermal energy storage (TES) systems for cogeneration and trigeneration systems
      • Abstract
      • 20.1 Introduction
      • 20.2 Overview of cogeneration and trigeneration systems
      • 20.3 Design of thermal energy storage for cogeneration and trigeneration systems
      • 20.4 Implementation of thermal energy storage in cogeneration and trigeneration systems
      • 20.5 Future trends
      • 20.6 Conclusion
    • 21: Thermal energy storage systems for concentrating solar power (CSP) technology
      • Abstract
      • 21.1 Introduction
      • 21.2 Commercial concentrating solar power (CSP) plants with integrated storage capacity
      • 21.3 Research and development in CSP storage systems
      • 21.4 Conclusion
    • 22: Thermal energy storage (TES) systems for greenhouse technology
      • Abstract
      • 22.1 Introduction
      • 22.2 Greenhouse heating and cooling
      • 22.3 Thermal energy storage (TES) technologies for greenhouse systems
      • 22.4 Case studies for TES in greenhouses
      • 22.5 Conclusions and future trends
    • 23: Thermal energy storage (TES) systems for cooling in residential buildings
      • Abstract
      • 23.1 Introduction
      • 23.2 Sustainable cooling through passive systems in building envelopes
      • 23.3 Sustainable cooling through phase change material (PCM) in active systems
      • 23.4 Sustainable cooling through sorption systems
      • 23.5 Sustainable cooling through seasonal storage
      • 23.6 Conclusions
      • Acknowledgements
  • Index

Description

Thermal energy storage (TES) technologies store thermal energy (both heat and cold) for later use as required, rather than at the time of production. They are therefore important counterparts to various intermittent renewable energy generation methods and also provide a way of valorising waste process heat and reducing the energy demand of buildings. This book provides an authoritative overview of this key area. Part one reviews sensible heat storage technologies. Part two covers latent and thermochemical heat storage respectively. The final section addresses applications in heating and energy systems.

Key Features

  • Reviews sensible heat storage technologies, including the use of water, molten salts, concrete and boreholes
  • Describes latent heat storage systems and thermochemical heat storage
  • Includes information on the monitoring and control of thermal energy storage systems, and considers their applications in residential buildings, power plants and industry

Readership

R&D managers with an interest in thermal energy storage solutions, civil engineers with an interest in passive houses, and postgraduate students and researchers working on thermal energy storage or civil engineering.


Details

No. of pages:
612
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Woodhead Publishing 2015
Published:
Imprint:
Woodhead Publishing
eBook ISBN:
9781782420965
Hardcover ISBN:
9781782420880

About the Editors

Luisa F. Cabeza Editor

Luisa F. Cabeza is Professor at the University of Lleida (Spain) where she leads the GREA research group. She has co-authored over 100 journal papers and several book chapters.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Lleida, Spain