Advances in the Dyeing and Finishing of Technical Textiles - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780857094339, 9780857097613

Advances in the Dyeing and Finishing of Technical Textiles

1st Edition

Editors: M. L. Gulrajani
Hardcover ISBN: 9780857094339
eBook ISBN: 9780857097613
Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
Published Date: 8th February 2013
Page Count: 448
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Table of Contents

Contributor contact details

Woodhead Publishing Series in Textiles

Part I: Advances in dyes and colourants

Chapter 1: Chromic materials for technical textile applications


1.1.1 An overview of chromic materials

1.2 Thermochromism

1.3 Photochromism

1.4 lonochromism

1.5 Electrochromism

1.6 Miscellaneous chromic materials

1.7 Future trends

1.8 Sources of further information

Chapter 2: Optical effect pigments for technical textile applications


2.1 Introduction

2.2 Different types of pigments and dyes

2.3 Substrate-based effect pigments

2.4 Future trends

Chapter 3: UV-absorbent, antimicrobial, water-repellent and other types of functional dye for technical textile applications


3.1 Introduction

3.2 High light-fast dyes - dyes with inbuilt UV-absorbing units

3.3 Antimicrobial dyes

3.4 Water-repellent dyes and other fluorine-containing functional dyes

3.5 Biodegradable dyes

3.6 Fluorescent dyes and phosphorescent colorants

3.7 Future trends

Chapter 4: Microencapsulated colourants for technical textile application


4.1 Introduction

4.2 The fundamentals of microencapsulation technology

4.3 Applications in textile printing

4.4 Applications in textile processing

4.5 Miscellaneous applications of microencapsulated colourants

4.6 Commercially available products

4.7 Future trends

Chapter 5: Regulations relating to the use of textile dyes and chemicals


5.1 Introduction

5.2 Restricted substances and their regulation

5.3 Retailer standards and ecolabels

5.4 Registration, Evaluation and Authorisation of Chemicals (REACH)

5.5 Future trends

Part II: Advances in finishing techniques

Chapter 6: Mechanical finishing techniques for technical textiles


6.1 Introduction

6.2 Dry finishing techniques

6.3 Calendering

6.4 Wet finishing techniques

6.5 Mechanical finishing technologies and applications

6.6 Sources of further information and advice

Chapter 7: Softening treatments for technical textiles


7.1 Introduction

7.2 Methods of softening

7.3 Chemistry of softeners

7.4 Application of softeners to technical textiles

7.5 Effect of softeners on textile properties

7.6 Environmental impact of softeners

7.7 Measurement of fabric softness

7.8 Future trends

Chapter 8: The use of enzymatic techniques in the finishing of technical textiles


8.1 Introduction: use of enzymes in textile finishing

8.2 Enzymatic processing of natural fibres

8.3 Surface modification and functionalization of synthetic fibres

8.4 Application of enzymes in the finishing of technical textiles

8.5 Assessment techniques and future trends

Chapter 9: The use of surfactants in the finishing of technical textiles


9.1 Introduction

9.2 Raw materials for surfactants

9.3 Cationic and non-ionic surfactants

9.4 Novel surfactants

9.5 Applications of surfactants

9.6 Conclusion

Chapter 10: Inkjet printing of technical textiles


10.1 Introduction

10.2 Development of printer hardware for inkjet printing of textiles

10.3 Ink chemistry for technical textiles

10.4 Development of auxiliary equipment and supporting software

10.5 Trends in technology development

10.6 Technology application

10.7 Conclusion

Chapter 11: Functional finishes to improve the comfort and protection of apparel


11.1 Introduction

11.2 Finishes to improve comfort

11.3 Finishes to provide protection

11.4 Comfort and health issues related to textile finishes

11.5 Future trends

Chapter 12: The use of nanotechnology in the finishing of technical textiles


12.1 Introduction

12.2 Hydrophobic nano-finishes

12.3 Super-hydrophobic nano-finishes

12.4 Photocatalytic self-cleaning nano-finishes

12.5 Antimicrobial nano-finishes

Chapter 13: Speciality polymers for the finishing of technical textiles

13.1 Introduction

13.2 Temperature responsive breathable coatings for smart textiles

13.3 Bioactive finishes for protection against biological attack and other medical applications

13.4 Finishes for protection against flame and thermal radiation

13.5 Repellent, release, hydrophobic and self-cleaning finishes

13.6 Finishes for conducting textiles

13.7 Other functional finishes

13.8 Conclusions and future trends

Chapter 14: Application technologies for coating, lamination and finishing of technical textiles


14.1 Introduction

14.2 Coating technology

14.3 Roll coating

14.4 Lamination methods

14.5 Finishing methods

14.6 Plasma processing

14.7 Plasma system classification

14.8 Advances in application of speciality finishes/coatings

14.9 Conclusion

14.10 Acknowledgements



The use of distinctive colourants and finishes has a significant impact on the aesthetic appeal and functionality of technical textiles. Advances in the textile chemical industry facilitate production of diverse desirable properties, and are therefore of great interest in the production of textile products with enhanced performance characteristics. Drawing on key research, Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles details important advances in this field and outlines their development for a range of applications.

Part one reviews advances in dyes and colourants, including chromic materials, optical effect pigments and microencapsulated colourants for technical textile applications. Other types of functional dyes considered include UV- absorbent, anti-microbial and water-repellent dyes. Regulations relating to the use of textile dyes are discussed before part two goes on to investigate such advances in finishing techniques as mechanical finishing, softening treatments and the use of enzymes. Surfactants, Inkjet printing of technical textiles and functional finishes to improve the comfort and protection of apparel are also explored. The use of nanotechnology in producing hydrophobic, super-hydrophobic and antimicrobial finishes is dealt with alongside coating and lamination techniques, before the book concludes with a discussion of speciality polymers for the finishing of technical textiles.

With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles is a comprehensive guide for all those involved in the development, production and application of technical textiles, including textile chemists, colour technologists, colour quality inspectors, product developers and textile finishers.

Key Features

  • Discusses important advances in the textile chemical industry
  • Considers developments in various dyes and colourants used in the industry, including water repellent, functional and anti-microbial dyes
  • Chapters also examine advances in finishing techniques, the use of nanotechnology and speciality polymers in technical textiles


Textile chemists; Color technologists, color quality inspectors, product developers and textile finishers


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© Woodhead Publishing 2013
Woodhead Publishing
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About the Editors

M. L. Gulrajani Editor

Dr M. L. Gulrajani is a Professor at the Indian Institute of Technology in Delhi. He has undertaken more than 50 consultancy projects from various textile industries, published over 150 research papers, edited 24 books, including conference proceedings and has four Indian patents. He is a fellow of the Society of Dyers and Colourists (UK), the Textile Association (India) and is an Honorary Member of the Association of Chemical Technologists (India).

Affiliations and Expertise

Indian Institute of Technology, India