The use of distinctive colourants and finishes has a significant impact on the aesthetic appeal and functionality of technical textiles. Advances in the textile chemical industry facilitate production of diverse desirable properties, and are therefore of great interest in the production of textile products with enhanced performance characteristics. Drawing on key research, Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles details important advances in this field and outlines their development for a range of applications.

Part one reviews advances in dyes and colourants, including chromic materials, optical effect pigments and microencapsulated colourants for technical textile applications. Other types of functional dyes considered include UV- absorbent, anti-microbial and water-repellent dyes. Regulations relating to the use of textile dyes are discussed before part two goes on to investigate such advances in finishing techniques as mechanical finishing, softening treatments and the use of enzymes. Surfactants, Inkjet printing of technical textiles and functional finishes to improve the comfort and protection of apparel are also explored. The use of nanotechnology in producing hydrophobic, super-hydrophobic and antimicrobial finishes is dealt with alongside coating and lamination techniques, before the book concludes with a discussion of speciality polymers for the finishing of technical textiles.

With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles is a comprehensive guide for all those involved in the development, production and application of technical textiles, including textile chemists, colour technologists, colour quality inspectors, product developers and textile finishers.

Key Features

  • Discusses important advances in the textile chemical industry
  • Considers developments in various dyes and colourants used in the industry, including water repellent, functional and anti-microbial dyes
  • Chapters also examine advances in finishing techniques, the use of nanotechnology and speciality polymers in technical textiles


Textile chemists; Color technologists, color quality inspectors, product developers and textile finishers

Table of Contents

Contributor contact details

Woodhead Publishing Series in Textiles

Part I: Advances in dyes and colourants

Chapter 1: Chromic materials for technical textile applications


1.1.1 An overview of chromic materials

1.2 Thermochromism

1.3 Photochromism

1.4 lonochromism

1.5 Electrochromism

1.6 Miscellaneous chromic materials

1.7 Future trends

1.8 Sources of further information

Chapter 2: Optical effect pigments for technical textile applications


2.1 Introduction

2.2 Different types of pigments and dyes

2.3 Substrate-based effect pigments

2.4 Future trends

Chapter 3: UV-absorbent, antimicrobial, water-repellent and other types of functional dye for technical textile applications


3.1 Introduction

3.2 High light-fast dyes - dyes with inbuilt UV-absorbing units

3.3 Antimicrobial dyes

3.4 Water-repellent dyes and other fluorine-containing functional dyes

3.5 Biodegradable dyes

3.6 Fluorescent dyes and phosphorescent colorants

3.7 Future trends

Chapter 4: Microencapsulated colourants for technical textile application


4.1 Introduction

4.2 The fundamentals of microencapsulation technology

4.3 Applications in textile printing

4.4 Applications in textile processing

4.5 Miscellaneous applications of microencapsulated colourants

4.6 Commercially available products

4.7 Future trends

Chapter 5: Regulations relating to the use of textile dyes and chemicals


5.1 Introduction

5.2 Restricted substances and their regulation

5.3 Retailer standards and ecolabels

5.4 Registration, Evaluation and Authorisation of Chemicals (REACH)

5.5 Future trends

Part II: Advances in finishing techniques


No. of pages:
© 2013
Woodhead Publishing
Electronic ISBN:
Print ISBN:

About the editors

M. L. Gulrajani

Dr M. L. Gulrajani is a Professor at the Indian Institute of Technology in Delhi. He has undertaken more than 50 consultancy projects from various textile industries, published over 150 research papers, edited 24 books, including conference proceedings and has four Indian patents. He is a fellow of the Society of Dyers and Colourists (UK), the Textile Association (India) and is an Honorary Member of the Association of Chemical Technologists (India).

M Gulrajani

Dr Mohan L. Gulrajani is a Professor (Emeritus) at the Indian Institute of Technology in Delhi. He has had over 150 research papers published, edited over 20 books and holds a number of patents to his name.