Advances in the Biosciences - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080172910, 9781483157634

Advances in the Biosciences

1st Edition

International Conference on Prostaglandins, Vienna, September 25 to 28, 1972

Editors: Stig Bergström
eBook ISBN: 9781483157634
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 7th June 1973
Page Count: 904
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Description

Advances in the Biosciences 9 is a collection of presented papers on the International Conference on Prostaglandins, held in Vienna, Austria on September 25 to 28, 1972.
The book consists of 114 chapters of various topics in the field of prostaglandins. The meeting touches on several main topics such as new active analogs of prostaglandins; effect of aspirin and indomethasin and other compounds relative to the study of the role of the prostaglandins in the living organism; and the evaluation of the various analytical methods for the determination of the extremely minute amounts of prostaglandin occurring in the living organism. Biologists, pharmacologists, endocrinologists, physicians, biochemists, and medical technologists will find the contents of this book invaluable.

Table of Contents


Introduction

1. Biosynthesis

Quantitative Aspects on Prostaglandin Synthesis in Man

Inhibition of Prostaglandin Biosynthesis

Catecholamine Induced Increase in Prostaglandin E Biosynthesis in Homogenates of the Rat Stomach Fundus

Comparative Aspects of Prostaglandin Biosynthesis in Animal Tissues

2. Metabolism

Structures of New Metabolites of Prostaglandin E2 in Man

Structures of C14 Metabolites of Prostaglandin F2α

Purification, Properties, and Biological Significance of Prostaglandin A Isomerase

3. Analytical Methods

Specific Antibodies: Reagents for Quantitative Analysis of Prostaglandins

Specificity of Prostaglandin Binding Sites in Rat Forestomach Tissue and Their Possible Use as a Quantitative Assay

Quantitative Mass Spectrometric Analysis of Prostaglandins

Differentiation between Endogenous and Exogenous (Administered) Prostaglandins in Biological Fluids

The Analysis of Prostaglandins Using a Computer for Plotting Ion Abundance Versus Time

4. Round Table Discussion on Analytical Methods

5. Biological Activity and Structure

The Synthesis and Biological Activity of a Series of 15-Methyl Prostaglandins

On the Prostaglandin Inhibitory Action of Polyphloretin Phosphate

Structure-Activity Relationship of Some Dibenzoxazepine Derivatives as Prostaglandin Antagonists

Relation of Prostaglandin Structure to Vascular Resistance in the Isolated Rat Pancreas

6. Metabolic Effects

The Regulatory Role of the Prostaglandins on the Cyclic 3', 5'-AMP System

Prostaglandins, Cyclic AMP, and Transformed Fibroblasts

7. Prostaglandins and Adenylcyclase System

Prostaglandin Production by Cells In Vitro

8. Metabolic Effects

Erythropoietic Effects of Prostaglandins

Prostaglandins and Sickle Cell Anemia

Inhibition of Vasopressin Action in Toad Bladder

Effects of Prostaglandin E1 and Arginine Vasotocin on Sodium Transport and Adenyl Cyclase Activity in Developing Tadpole Skin

Prostaglandin Modification of Membrane-Bound Enzyme Activity

9. Respiratory System

The Effects of Inhaled Prostaglandins on Bronchial Tone in Man

Opposite Effects of Prostaglandins E and F on Tracheal Smooth Muscles and Their Interaction with Calcium Ions

Comparative Studies on the Bronchodilating Properties of the Prostaglandin F2ß

The Regulatory Function of Prostaglandins in the Release of Histamine and SRS-A From Passively Sensitized Human Lung Tissue

Prostaglandin F2α: Effect on Airway Conductance in Healthy Subjects and Patients with Bronchial Asthma

10. Gastro-intestinal System

15-Methyl PGE2 and 16, 16-Dimethyl PGE2: Potent Inhibitors of Gastric Secretion

Effect of Orally and Intravenously Administered Prostaglandin 15 (R) 15-Methyl E2 on Gastric Secretion in Man

PGE2 and Gastric Acid Secretion in Man

The Relationship between Rat Gastric Mucosal Blood Flow and Acid Secretion during Oral or Intravenous Administration of Prostaglandins and Dibutyryl Cyclic AMP

11. Renal System

Introduction

A Histochemical Study of the Prostaglandin Biosynthesis in the Urinary System of Rabbit, Guinea Pig, Goldhamster, and Rat

Metabolic Mechanisms of Action of the Renal Prostaglandins

Effects of PGE2 on Renal Tubular Function

Prostaglandinlike Renal Vasodepressor Lipids and Electrolyte Exchange in the Kidney

The Effect of Prostaglandin (PGA1) on Adrenal Function in Man

Occurrence of Prostaglandins in Human Urine

Effect of PGE1 on Contrast Visualization of the Renal Vascular Bed: Comparison with Other Vasodilators

Inhibition of Prostaglandin Synthesis in the Kidneys by Aspirinlike Drugs

Synthesis of Prostaglandins (PGs) by Renomedullary Interstitial Cells (RIC) Grown in Tissue Culture

12. Circulatory System

Introduction

Effects of Prostaglandin E2 and F2α on Cutaneous Arteries and Veins In Vivo in the Isolated Rabbit Ear

Prostaglandin Induced Vasoconstriction of Cerebral Arteries and Its Reversal by Ethanol

Vasodepressor Action of Renomedullary Prostaglandins (PGE2 and PGA2) in the Spontaneously Hypertensive Rat (SH Rat): Evidence for a Central Action Mediated by the Vagus

Effect of Prostaglandin E1 on the Transmembrane Potentials of the Mammalian Heart

Effects of PGE1, PGE2, and PGF2α on Isolated Normal and Damaged Heart Preparations

Antiarrhythmic Properties of PGE2: Preliminary Results

13. Inflammation

Inhibition of Prostaglandin Biosynthesis as the Mechanism of Action of Aspirinlike Drugs

Arachidonic Acid and the Analgesic Action of Aspirinlike Drugs

Effect of Various Prostaglandins on Two Laboratory Models of Chronic Arthritic Inflammation

Prostaglandin Release in Ocular Inflammation in Rabbits and Man

Effect of Prostaglandin E1 on Lysosomal Enzyme Release from Human Leucocytes in the Presence of Dytochalasin B

Prostaglandins in Burn Injury

Antianaphylactic Effect of a Prostaglandin Antagonist, Polyphloretin Phosphate

The Effect of Prostaglandin E1 on the Production of Interferon

Prostaglandin E2 Biosynthesis in Human Skin: Subcellular Localization and Inhibition by Unsaturated Fatty Acids and Anti-inflammatory Agents

14. Nervous System

Prostaglandin Mediated Control of Sympathetic Neuroeffector Transmission

Prostaglandins on Cyclic-AMP Formation in Cerebral Cortex of Different Mammalian Species

Actions of Prostaglandin E1 on Spinal Neurons in the Frog

The Effects of Prostaglandin E2 on Conditioned Avoidance Response Behavior and the Electroencephalogram

Prostaglandin E1 and Endotoxin Fever, and the Effects of Aspirin, Indomethacin, and 4-Acetamidophenol

Effect of Prostaglandins E1 and F2α on Adrenergic Responses in the Pulmonary Circulation

15a. Termination of Pregnancy - Extra- and Intra-amniotic Administration of Prostaglandins

Termination of Pregnancy by Extraamniotic Prostaglandins and the Synergistic Action of Oxytocin

Induction of Abortion 1. by Intravenous and 2. by Intrauterine Administration of PGF2α (Extra- and Intraamniotic)

Intrauterine Administration of Prostaglandin F2α for Induction of Abortion

Therapeutic Abortion by Intraamniotic Administration of Prostaglandin F2α

Midtrimester Therapeutic Abortion Using Intraamniotic PGF2α

Induction of Abortion by Intraamniotic PGF2α: a Comparison of Dose Schedules

Intraamniotic Prostaglandin F2α for Midtrimester Abortion

Therapeutic Abortion by Intraamniotic Injection of Prostaglandins

15b. Termination of Pregnancy - Intravaginal Administration of Prostaglandins

Vaginal Administration of Prostaglandins to Induce Early Abortion

Postconceptional Fertility Control by Prostaglandins

Abortifacient Activity of Vaginally Administered Prostaglandin F2α

Prostaglandin F2α Vaginal Pessaries for Midtrimester Abortion

15c. Induction of Labor - Oral and Intravenous Administration of Prostaglandins

The Results of Using Prostaglandins F2α for Induction and Stimulation Labor

Oral Prostaglandin E 2 and Amniotomy for Induction of Labor

15d. Effects of Prostaglandins on Steroidogenesis1

The Physiological Role of Prostaglandin F2α in Corpus Luteum Regression

Prostaglandin F Group (PGF), Progesterone, and Estrogen Concentrations in the Utero-ovarian Venous Plasma of the Conscious Ewe during the Estrous Cycle

The Formation of Prostaglandins by the Guinea-Pig Uterus and the Effect of Indomethacin

Cyclic Changes in Uterine Venous and Peripheral Plasma Levels of F Prostaglandins Correlated with Peripheral Progesterone Levels in the Golden Hamster

A Comparative Study of Some Effects of Prostaglandin F2α, F1α, E2, and E1 on Reproductive Processes of Rats and Hamsters

15e. Effects of Prostaglandins on Steroidogenesis

Prostaglandins and Steroidogenesis

Prostaglandins and Myometrial Contractility

Effect of Prostaglandin F2α on Progestin Synthesis in the Human and Rabbit Ovary

Induction of Abortion by Extraamniotic Administration of Prostaglandin F2α

Alterations in Biosynthesis of Progesterone in Human Corpora Lutea of Pregnancy by Prostaglandins

The Effect of Prostaglandin F2α Administration on Plasma Steroid and LH Levels in the Luteal Phase of the Menstrual Cycle

Plasma Progestin and Plasma Estrogen Levels during Infusion of PGF2α in the Human

Plasma Hormone Changes during Infusions of Prostaglandins F2α, and E2 for Therapeutic Abortion

Effects of Prostaglandins and Gonadotrophins on Luteal Prostaglandin and Steroid Biosynthesis

15f. Effects of Prostaglandins on Other Ovarian Functions

Possible Role of Prostaglandins in Ovulation

Effects of PGE1 and 7-OXA-13-Porstynoic Acid on the Isolated Prepubertal Rat Ovary

Effect of Prostaglandins E1, E2 , and F2α on Gonadotrophin-Induced Ovulation in Immature Female Rats

Effects of PGF2α on Periovular Cervical Mucus

15g. Effects of Prostaglandins on the Male Reproduction

Prostaglandins (E1 and E2) and Reproduction in the Male Rat

15h. Effects of Prostaglandins on the Human Uterine Contractility

The Effect of a ß-Adrenergic Agent on Prostaglandin Stimulated Labor

Comparative Studies of the Effect of Oxytocin and Prostaglandin F2α in the Uterus

Interrelationship between Oxytocin (Endogenous and Exogenous) and Prostaglandins

Quantitation of Uterine Activity after Vaginal Administration of Prostaglandins

15i. Effects of Prostaglandins on the Animal Reproductive Tract Tachyphylactic Response of the Rat Uterus In Vivo to Prostaglandins E2 and F2α

Effects of Prostaglandins E1 and F2α on Uterine Hemodynamics and Motility

Effects of Prostaglandins and Oxytocin on the Uterine Motility of the Living Rat Under Various Hormonal Conditions

The Role of Prostaglandin in Endotoxin-Induced Abortion and Fetal Death

Immediate and Late Effect of PGE1 on the Rabbit Oviduct (In Vivo Studies)

Effects of Prostaglandins (PGs) on Sperm and Egg Transport in the Rabbit

15k. Termination of Pregnancy by Prostaglandin Analogues

Termination of Pregnancy with Prostaglandin Analogs

15(S)-15-Methyl-Prostaglandin F2α: Myometrial Response and Abortifacient Efficacy

15l. Summary of Round Table Discussion on Fertility Regulation

A Note on Nomenclature

Stability of Prostaglandins

Chairmen and Principal Lecturers

Speakers

Subject Index

Details

No. of pages:
904
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Pergamon 1973
Published:
Imprint:
Pergamon
eBook ISBN:
9781483157634

About the Editor

Stig Bergström

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Ohio State University, Ohio, USA