Advances in Space Biology and Medicine - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9781559389709, 9780080877297

Advances in Space Biology and Medicine, Volume 5

1st Edition

Editors: S.L. Bonting
eBook ISBN: 9780080877297
Imprint: Elsevier Science
Published Date: 14th May 1996


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Table of Contents

Contents. List of Contributors. Introduction to Volume 5 (S.L. Bonting). Exemsi: The Second European Simulation of a Long-Duration Mannes Space Mission (J. Collet and R.J. Vaernes). Exemsi: Description of Facilities, Organization, Crew Selection, and Operational Aspects (R.J. Vaernes). Body Weight and Body Composition during Sixty Days of Isolation (H.Chr. Gunga, K.A. Kirsch, L. Rocker, A. Maillet, and C. Gharib). Hormonal, Water Balance, and Electrolyte Changes during Sixty-Day Confinement (A. Maillet, S. Normand, H.C. Gunga, A.M. Allevard, J.M. Cottet-ERnard, E. Kihm, F. Strollo, C. Pachiaudi, K.A. Kirsch, C.A. Bizollon, G. Gauquelin, and C. Gharib). Food Intake and Nutritional Status during Exemsi (H. Milon, B. Decardi, A. Adine, and E. Kihm). Neuroendocrine System and Immune Responses after Confinement (D. Husson, M. Abbal, M. Tafani, and D.A. Schmitt). Local Immunocompetence and Salivary Cortisol in Confinement (J. Hennig and P. Netter). Cardiovascular and Respiratory Responses during a Complex Decision-Making Task under Prolonged Isolation (C.J.E. Wientjes, J.A. Veltman, and A.W.K. Gaillard). Performance and Brain Electrical Activity during Prolonged Confinement (B. Lorenz, J. Lorenz, and D. Manzey). Attention and Mental Performance in Confinement: Evidence from Cognitive Psychophysiology (A. Mecklinger, A.D. Friederici, and T. Gussow). Simulations of Circadian System and Vigilance during Space Missions (P. Achermann and A.A. Borbely). Crew Compatibility and Interaction (G.M. Sandal, R. Vaernes, and H. Ursin). Group Dynamics and Crew Interaction during Isolation (K.N. Eskov, M.A. Novikov, A.G. Viknokhodova, and V.N. Bricksin). Group Dynamics during the Exemsi Isolation Study (C. Cazes, E. Rosnet, C. Bachelard, C. Le Scanff, and J. Rivolier). Ethological Analysis of Crew Member Behavior: Distances, Orientations, and Postures (C. Tafforin). Psychological Evaluation and Support during Exemsi (V.I. GUshin, T.B. Kolinitchenko, V.A. Efimov, and C. Davies). Work Capa


The fifth volume in this series, Space Biology and Medicine, is another special volume, this time dedicated entirely to the results of the second European study of the effects of long-term confinement and isolation, called EXEMSI. This projects was also sponsored by the European Space Agency's Long-Term Programme Office, Directorate of Space Station and Microgravity, in preparation for its long-term manned space missions, in particular its planned participation in the International Space Station through the Columbus program.
The aim was to come closer to a space station situation that in the ISEMSI mission. This was achieved by five measures: (1) crew selection was performed by the European Astronauts Centre (EAC), (2) duration was extended to 60 days, (3) mixed crew of three males and one female was employed, (4) isolation facility resembled a space station in size and in having separate habitat, laboratory and storage modules, and (5) communication between crew and outside world was like that between a space station and a ground control center.
The primary purpose of EXEMSI was to achieve a better understanding of the physiological, psychological, and sociological effects of long-term isolation and confinement of a small crew group under conditions similar to those that may be expected to exist for a space station crew. The secondary purpose was to acquire experience in the operational aspects of a future space station mission. Included were also items like verification of the test criteria for European astronaut selection, and study of the nutritional requirements of space station crews.
The workload of the crew consisted of an extensive battery of psychological and physiological experiments, of housekeeping duties, and of additional space-related experiments. The nature and the results of these activities are described in this volume. The list of contents indicates the wide range of topics studied: physiological aspec


© Elsevier Science 1996
Elsevier Science
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About the Editors

S.L. Bonting Editor

Affiliations and Expertise

Goor, The Netherlands