Advances in Research on the Strength and Fracture of Materials - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080221403, 9781483159980

Advances in Research on the Strength and Fracture of Materials

1st Edition

Fatigue

Editors: D. M. R. Taplin
eBook ISBN: 9781483159980
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1978
Page Count: 746
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Description

Advances in Research on the Strength and Fracture of Materials: Volume 2Bs—Fatigue contains the proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Fracture, held at the University of Waterloo, Canada, in June 1977. The papers review the state of the art with respect to fracture in a wide range of materials such as metals and alloys.
This volume is comprised of 85 chapters and opens by discussing the metallographic aspects of fatigue in pearlitic structures and the dislocation diffusion mechanism of fatigue crack formation. The reader is then introduced to localized plastic deformation and fracture in slip bands during fatigue loading of age hardening aluminum alloys; the microstructure of fatigue fracture surfaces in titanium; mechanisms of liquid metal embrittlement, stress corrosion cracking, and corrosion-fatigue; and the fatigue behavior of macroscopic slag inclusions in steam turbo-generator rotor steels. A model for fatigue crack initiation in polycrystalline solids is also described. This monograph will be a useful resource for metallurgists, materials scientists, and structural and mechanical engineers.

Table of Contents


Foreword

Preface

Acknowledgments

Committees

Nomenclature

Conversion Units

Part III. Fatigue: Micromechanisms

Session 1 — Crack Initiation

1 Metallographic Aspects of Fatigue in Pearlitic Structures

2 Dislocation Diffusion Mechanism of Fatigue Crack Formation

3 Dislocation Structures Around Crack Tips in the Early Stage of Fatigue of α-Brass

4 Conditions Leading to Localized Plastic Deformation and Fracture in Slip Bands During Fatigue Loading of Age Hardening Aluminum Alloys

5 Fatigue Crack Formation Associated with Cyclic Slip Deformation along Prior Austenitic Boundaries

6 Crystallographic Fatigue Crack Growth in Al-4% Cu Aged to Contain GP Zones

7 The Influence of Chemical Composition on the Cyclic Behavior of Ferrite-Pearlite Steels

8 On the Microstructure of the Fatigue Fracture Surfaces in Titanium

9 Influence of Prior Treatment on High Strain Fatigue Life of Aluminum Alloy RR58

10 High Frequency Fatigue of Metals, Crack Initiation and Propagation

Session 2 — High Temperature Fatigue

1 High Temperature Fatigue of 304 Stainless Steel

2 An Experimental Study on Cyclic Strain Induced Creep: Relationship between Different Modes of Stress and Strain Superposition

3 A Study on Prevention of Creep and Fatigue Fracture of Steels for Turbine Application

4 Crack Propagation at High Temperature under Low Cycle Loading

5 Fatigue Crack Morphology in 304 Stainless Steel Cycled at Constant Stress Amplitude at Elevated Temperature

6 Steel and Alloy Thermal Cycling Fracture

7 The Effect of Prior Temperature Cycling on Rupture Life of Superalloys

8 Creep Fatigue Interactions in a Low Alloy Steel

9 Creep Fatigue Interaction in an Austenitic Fe-Ni-Cr Alloy at 600°C

10 The Mechanism of a Fatigue/Creep Interaction in a Low Alloy Steel

11 High Temperature Creep-Fatigue Fracture in Cu-Cr Alloys

12 Effects of Loading Frequency and Environment on High Temperature Fatigue Crack Growth in Nickel-Base Alloys

Session 3 — Environmental

1 Effect of Environment on Fracture — Mechanisms of Liquid Metal Embrittlement, Stress Corrosion Cracking and Corrosion-Fatigue

2 A Contribution to the Study of the Influence of Environment on Crack Growth Rate of High Strength Aluminum Alloys in Fatigue

3 Failure of Stainless Steels by Corrosion-Fatigue

4 Low Cycle Corrosion Fatigue of an Al-Zn-Mg-(Zr) Alloy

5 Corrosion Fatigue of Annealed Zircaloy-2 ...

6 The Influence of Water Vapor on Fatigue Crack Plasticity in Low Carbon Steel

7 Fatigue Crack Growth of Steel in Air and Sea Water under Constant Amplitude and Random Loading

8 The Effect of Frequency on Cyclic Crack Growth in 200 Maraging Steel in a Salt Water Environment

Session 4 - Notches, Welds, Low Cycle

1 Notch Fatigue Life Predictions Using Smooth Bar Fatigue Data

2 A Generalized Design Procedure for Estimating Total Fatigue Life in the Low Cycle Range for Notched Components

3 A New Method for Calculation of Notch and Size Effects in Fatigue

4 Elastic-Plastic Stress-Strain Behavior of Monotonic and Cyclic Loaded Notched Plates

5 The Fatigue Behavior of Macroscopic Slag Inclusions in Steam Turbo-Generator Rotor Steels

6 Practical Aspects of Fatigue Analysis of a Weldment

7 Fatigue Life Prediction for Fillet Welded Details under Service Loadings

8 Low Cycle Fatigue Strength of Steels and Welds in Relation to Static Tensile Properties

9 Effect of Temperature Variation on High Temperature Fatigue of Mild Steel

10 Effect of Grain Size and γ' Size on Fatigue Crack Propagation in Rene

Part IV. Fatigue: Mechanics

Session 1 — Crack Propagation and Closure

1 Effect of Stress Level on Fatigue Crack Delay Behavior

2 Fatigue Crack Closure with Negative Stress Ratio Following Single Tensile Overloads in 2024-T3 and 7076-T6 Aluminum

3 Crack Closure Related to Fatigue Crack Propagation

4 Influence of Mechanical Factors on Fatigue Crack Closure

5 A Phenomenological Approach to Fatigue Crack Growth Rate Prediction

6 Effect of Loading Sequence: Normal and Reversed Sequence Effect

7 Crack Closure During Fatigue Crack Growth for Two Thicknesses of Material

8 Use of the Weight Function Concept and the Crack Closing Method for Calculating Stress Intensity Factors in Plane or Axisymmetric Problems

9 Closure: An Explanation for Fatigue Crack Growth Rate Acceleration/Retardation Due to Overloads in Austenitic Stainless Steels

10 A Computer Simulation of Fatigue Crack Propagation Based on the Crack Closure Concept

11 Observation of Crack Closure Phenomena at the Tip of a Fatigue Crack by Electron Microscopy

12 Fatigue Crack Propagation and Crack Closure Behavior under Varying Load Conditions

Session 2 — Damage, Probability and Biaxial

1 Fatigue Life Prediction by Amplitude Transformation

2 Probability of Fatigue Failure Based on Residual Strength

3 Weibull Statistics for a Biaxial Strength Test

4 High Cycle Fatigue of Prestrained Components

5 Some Experiments Relevant to Miner's Rule in Fatigue

6 The Strength of JIS SNCM8 Steel under Combined Alternating Stresses

7 A Model for Fatigue Crack Initiation in Polycrystalline Solids

8 Notes on the Repeated Shear Stress Induced Permanent Strain of Steels

9 The Analysis of Random Load Fatigue Crack Propagation

10 Accumulation of Longitudinal Strain under Cyclic Torsion

11 Micro Plastic Strain Energy Criterion Applied to Reversed Biaxial Fatigue

12 Cyclic Plasticity and Masing Behavior in Metals and Alloys

Session 3 — Practical Aspects

1 The Effect of Frequency Changes on Fatigue Crack Growth in 7178-T6 Aluminum Alloy

2 Effect of Initial Flaw Shapes on Cracks Emanating from Fastener Holes under Combined Stress

3 Practical Aspects of Fatigue Crack Growth in Rail and Structural Steels

4 Fatigue Crack Propagation in Trip Steels

5 Fatigue Crack Growth in a High Strength Steel

6 The Effect of Residual Stresses on the Fatigue Failure of a Nitrided EN41B Steel

7 Fatigue of Fibers by Biaxial Rotation Over a Pin

8 Fatigue Strength of Cross Girder Connections Constructed with 9% Ni Steel Plate

9 Study of Low Fatigue Crack Growth Rates in 316 Stainless Steel and RR 58 Al Alloy

10 Fatigue Fracture of Thermomechanically Processed Low Carbon Steel

Session 4 — Crack Propagation and Morphology

1 On the Threshold for Fatigue Crack Growth

2 A Model for Fatigue Crack Propagation in Deformable Media with Nonlinear Characteristics

3 Plastic Zone Formation and Fatigue Crack Growth

4 On the Mechanisms of Fatigue Crack Growth

5 Effects of Strength and Grain Size on Near-Threshold Fatigue Crack Growth in Ultra High Strength Steel

6 Crack Branching in A533B Steel

7 Propagation of Multiple-Ended Fatigue Cracks

8 On the Transition from Initiation to Propagation of Fatigue Cracks in Plain Steel Specimens

9 Fatigue Crack Growth Model Prediction With Two Coupled Differential Constitutive Equations

10 Fatigue Crack Growth from a Surface Flaw

11 Kinetics of Fracture Propagation in Steels

Author Index

Details

No. of pages:
746
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Pergamon 1978
Published:
Imprint:
Pergamon
eBook ISBN:
9781483159980

About the Editor

D. M. R. Taplin

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