Advances in Polymer Nanocomposites

Advances in Polymer Nanocomposites

Types and Applications

1st Edition - October 19, 2012

Write a review

  • Editor: Fengge Gao
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857096241
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9781845699406

Purchase options

Purchase options
DRM-free (PDF, Mobi, EPub)
Sales tax will be calculated at check-out

Institutional Subscription

Free Global Shipping
No minimum order


The addition of nanoparticles to polymer composites has led to a new generation of composite materials with enhanced and novel properties. Advances in polymer nanocomposites reviews the main types of polymer nanocomposites and their applications.Part one reviews types of polymer nanocomposites according to fillers. Processing of carbon nanotube-based nanocomposites, layered double hydroxides (LDHs) and cellulose nanoparticles as functional fillers and reinforcement are discussed, alongside calcium carbonate and metal-polymer nanocomposites. Part two focuses on types of polymer nanocomposites according to matrix polymer, with polyolefin-based, (PVC)-based, nylon-based, (PET)-based and thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU)-based polymer nanocomposites discussed. Soft, gel and biodegradable polymer nanocomposites are also considered. Part three goes on to investigate key applications, including fuel cells, aerospace applications, optical applications, coatings and flame-retardant polymer nanocomposites.With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Advances in polymer nanocomposites is an essential guide for professionals and academics involved in all aspects of the design, development and application of polymer nanocomposites.

Key Features

  • Reviews the main types of polymer nanocomposites and their applications
  • Discusses processing of carbon nanotube-based nanocomposites, layered double hydroxides (LDHs) and cellulose nanoparticles as functional fillers and reinforcement
  • Discusses polyolefin-based, (PVC)-based, nylon-based, (PET)-based and thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU)-based polymer nanocomposites


Materials scientists, materials chemists, polymer scientists, nanotechnologists, chemical engineers and academics and students in the same fields

Table of Contents

  • Contributor contact details


    Part I: Types of polymer nanocomposites according to fillers

    Chapter 1: Processing of nanotube-based nanocomposites


    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 Structure of carbon nanotubes

    1.3 Processing methods for nanotube-based polymer nanocomposites

    1.4 Nanotube alignment

    1.5 Properties and characteristics

    1.6 Future trends

    Chapter 2: Environmental life-cycle assessment of polymer nanocomposites


    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 The life-cycle assessment (LCA) approach to nanotechnology

    2.3 The environmental LCA of polymer nanocomposites

    2.4 Future trends and alternate approaches for evaluating emerging technologies

    2.5 Conclusions

    Chapter 3: Calcium carbonate nanocomposites


    3.1 Introduction: applications of calcium carbonate nanoparticles

    3.2 Calcium carbonate as filler material

    3.3 The toughening mechanisms of polymers filled with precipitated calcium carbonate (PCC) nanoparticles

    3.4 Conclusions

    Chapter 4: Layered double hydroxides (LDHs) as functional fillers in polymer nanocomposites


    4.1 Introduction: the role of layered double hydroxides (LDHs) as reinforcements

    4.2 Preparation of hybrid LDHs for polymer nanocomposites

    4.3 Nanocomposite preparation routes

    4.4 Structure of polymer-LDH nanocomposites

    4.5 Properties

    4.6 Applications and future trends

    4.7 Conclusions

    4.8 Sources of further information and advice

    Chapter 5: Cellulose nanoparticles as reinforcement in polymer nanocomposites


    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Preparation of cellulose nanoparticles

    5.3 Preparation of cellulose nanocomposites from different processes and polymeric matrices

    5.4 Properties and applications of nanocomposites reinforced with cellulose nanoparticles

    5.5 Conclusions and future trends

    5.6 Sources of further information and advice

    5.7 Acknowledgements

    Chapter 6: Metal-polymer nanocomposites


    6.1 Introduction: the role of nanoparticles as reinforcement

    6.2 Techniques for reinforcement

    6.3 Properties of polymer composites reinforced with metal nanoparticles

    6.4 Alternative applications of metal-polymer nanocomposites

    6.5 Future trends

    6.6 Sources of further information and advice

    Part II: Types of polymer nanocomposites according to base

    Chapter 7: Polyolefin-based polymer nanocomposites


    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Preparation of polymer nanocomposites

    7.3 Different kinds of nanofillers used in the preparation of polymer nanocomposites

    7.4 Characterization of polymer nanocomposites

    7.5 Properties of polymer nanocomposites

    7.6 Application of polyolefin nanocomposites

    7.7 Conclusions and future trends

    Chapter 8: Poly(vinyl chloride)(PVC)-based nanocomposites


    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC)

    8.3 Manufacturing techniques

    8.4 Nanofillers

    8.5 Effects of nanofillers

    8.6 Opportunities and problems

    8.7 Future trends

    8.8 Sources of further information and advice

    Chapter 9: Nylon-based polymer nanocomposites


    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Types of nanoparticle and their modification

    9.3 Current manufacturing techniques

    9.4 Structures and properties

    9.5 Applications of nylon-based polymers

    9.6 Future trends

    9.7 Acknowledgements

    Chapter 10: Clay-containing poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET)-based polymer nanocomposites


    10.1 Introduction: the importance of poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET)-based nanocomposites

    10.2 Types of PET-based nanocomposite

    10.3 Preparative methods

    10.4 Structural characterization

    10.5 Properties of nanocomposites

    10.6 Applications of PET-based nanocomposites

    10.7 Future trends

    10.8 Acknowledgements

    Chapter 11: Thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU)-based polymer nanocomposites


    11.1 Introduction: the potential of thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) nanocomposites

    11.2 TPU nanocomposites: structure, processing, properties, and performance

    11.3 TPU nanocomposites as potential biomaterials

    11.4 Future trends

    Chapter 12: Soft polymer nanocomposites and gels


    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Nanocomposite (NC) gels

    12.3 Soft polymer nanocomposites (M-NCs)

    12.4 Applications and future trends

    12.5 Sources of further information and advice

    Chapter 13: Biodegradable polymer nanocomposites


    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 Biodegradable polymers

    13.3 Methods of production of biodegradable polymer nanocomposites

    13.4 Properties of biodegradable polymer nanocomposites

    13.5 Applications of biodegradable polymer nanocomposites

    Part III: Applications of polymer nanocomposites

    Chapter 14: Polymer nanocomposites in fuel cells


    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Using polymer nanocomposites in fuel cells

    14.3 Conclusions and future trends

    14.4 Acknowledgements

    Chapter 15: Polymer nanocomposites for aerospace applications


    15.1 Introduction

    15.2 Types of fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) nanocomposites

    15.3 Sandwich structures using polymer nanocomposites

    15.4 Properties and applications of polymer nanocomposites

    15.5 Future trends: opportunities and challenges

    15.6 Conclusions

    15.7 Acknowledgements

    Chapter 16: Flame-retardant polymer nanocomposites


    16.1 Introduction

    16.2 Benefits and advantages of polymer nanocomposites for flame retardancy

    16.3 The role of nanoparticles in improving the flame retardancy of polymers

    16.4 Methods of incorporating nanoparticles as flame-retardant components in polymers

    16.5 Practical examples

    16.6 Future trends

    Chapter 17: Polymer nanocomposites for optical applications


    17.1 Introduction

    17.2 Important optical properties of polymer nanocomposites

    17.3 Polymer/nanoparticle composites

    17.4 Tailoring optical properties in the near infra-red, visible and ultra-violet ranges

    17.5 Linear and non-linear optical properties of guest-host systems

    17.6 Replication and optical device fabrication

    17.7 Conclusion and future trends

    Chapter 18: Polymer nanocomposite coatings


    18.1 Introduction

    18.2 Coating technologies for polymer nanocomposites

    18.3 Key properties of polymer nanocomposite coatings

    18.4 Future trends

    18.5 Acknowledgements


Product details

  • No. of pages: 680
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2012
  • Published: October 19, 2012
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857096241
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9781845699406

About the Editor

Fengge Gao

Dr Fengge Gao is Reader in Nanotechnology and the Director of Nanoscience Laoratory at Nottingham Trent University, UK. He is one of the pioneers in developing filler enhanced polymer nanocomposites in the UK and is currently leading a group of researchers working on various aspects of polymer nanocomposites and their applications. His recent work on non-migration type antimicrobial polymer nanocomposites won the CenFRA Most Innovative Research Award and UK Food and Drink Forum Innovation Champion Award in 2009.

Affiliations and Expertise

Nottingham Trent University, UK

Ratings and Reviews

Write a review

There are currently no reviews for "Advances in Polymer Nanocomposites"