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Advances in Oral Biology - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780120305049, 9781483282381

Advances in Oral Biology

1st Edition

Volume 4

Editor: Peter H. Staple
eBook ISBN: 9781483282381
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1970
Page Count: 412
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Advances in Oral Biology, Volume 4 emphasizes the development of clinical laboratory tests in the diagnosis and treatment of oral disease. This book discusses the use of computer techniques in the study of growth; factors controlling apatite crystallization, with particular reference to the effect of fluoride and accompanying ions; biochemistry of the dental plaque; and antigens of oral bacteria. The central nervous system responses to tooth pulp stimulation and their modification by drugs; effects of corticosteroids on the dental pulp; and biophysical approach to epithelial cell interactions with teeth are also elaborated. This text likewise covers the cell renewal, with special reference to the gingival epithelium; biochemical assay of heterogeneous soft tissues of the oral cavity; and microradiography of oral tissues. This publication is valuable to dental practitioners, as well as students concerned with oral biology.

Table of Contents



Contents of Previous Volumes

Use of Computer Techniques in the Study of Growth

I. Introduction

II. Types of Problems

III. Use of Computers

IV. Present Uses of Computers in Child Growth Studies

V. Future Possibilities


Factors Controlling Apatite Crystallization, with Particular Reference to the Effect of Fluoride and Accompanying Ions

I. Introduction

II. Nucleation

III. Geochemical Crystallization of Apatites

IV. Biological Mineralization in the Calcium Phosphate System

V. Synthetic Preparations of Calcium Phosphate Crystals and Studies of Properties of Pure Substances

VI. Structural Changes Induced b y Foreign Ions

VII. Crystallochemical View of Biological Mineralized Tissues

VIII. General Discussion and Summary


Biochemistry of the Dental Plaque

I. Introduction

II. Chemical Structure of the Dental Plaque

III. Mechanism of Acquired Pellicle and Plaque Formation

IV. Metabolism of Dental Plaque

V. Effect of the Acid-Base Metabolism of the Plaque on the Calcium Phosphate Exchange at the Enamel-Saliva Interface

VI. Mineralization of the Dental Plaque

VII. Summary


Antigens of Oral Bacteria

I. Introduction

II. Structure of the Bacterial Cell

III. Aspects of Immunology

IV. Streptococci

V. Lactobacilli

VI. Filamentous Bacteria

VII. Veillonellae

VIII. Concluding Remarks


Central Nervous System Responses to Tooth Pulp Stimulation and Their Modification by Drugs

I. Introduction

II. Brain Stem Responses

III. Telencephalic Responses

IV. Drug Effects on Responses to Tooth Pulp Stimulation

V. Concluding Remarks

VI. Summary


The Effects of Corticosteroids on the Dental Pulp

I. Introduction

II. Material and Methods

III. Results

IV. Discussion

V. Practical Conclusions


A Biophysical Approach to Epithelial Cell Interactions with Teeth

I. Introduction

II. Terminology

III. The Gingival Sulcus and Sulcular Epithelium

IV. The Tooth Surface

V. Contents of the Gingival Sulcus

VI. Relevant Aspects of the Peripheral Regions of Cells

VII. Junctional Regions of Epithelial Cells

VIII. Cell Surface Charge

IX. Enzyme Activity near Surfaces

X. Biophysical Aspects of Cell Contact Phenomena

XI. Review of Studies on Epithelial Attachment


Cell Renewal, with Special Reference to the Gingival Epithelium

I. Cell Renewal

II. Renewal of Gingival Epithelium

III. Conclusions


Biochemical Assay of Heterogeneous Soft Tissues of the Oral Cavity

I. Introduction

II. Methods

III. Findings

IV. Summary


Microradiography of Oral Tissues

I. Introduction

II. Theoretical Aspects

III. Historical Account

IV. Applications

V. Concluding Remarks


Author Index

Subject Index


No. of pages:
© Academic Press 1970
1st January 1970
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:

About the Editor

Peter H. Staple

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