Advances in Nuclear Science and Technology

Advances in Nuclear Science and Technology

Volume 4

1st Edition - January 1, 1968

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  • Editors: Paul Greebler, Ernest J. Henley
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483224619

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Description

Advances in Nuclear Science and Technology Volume 4 provides information pertinent to the fundamental aspects of advanced reactor concepts. This book discusses the advances in various areas of general applicability, including modern perturbation theory, optimal control theory, and industrial application of ionizing radiations. Organized into seven chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the technology of sodium-cooled fast breeder power reactors and gas-cooled power reactors. This text then examines the key role of reactor safety in the development of fast breeder reactors. Other chapters consider the Doppler effect in fast reactors and the analysis of maximum accidents. This book discusses as well the perturbation theory, which has been widely used in reactor physics for the calculation of eigenvalues. The final chapter deals with the use of X-rays, gamma rays, and high-energy electrons in industrial applications. This book is a valuable resource for nuclear engineers, radiation chemists, food technologists, and research workers.

Table of Contents


  • Contributors

    Preface

    Contents of Previous Volumes

    Gas-Cooled Reactor Technology

    I. Introduction

    II. Gas as a Reactor Coolant

    III. Choice of Moderator for Gas-Cooled Reactors

    IV. Fuel Element Designs for Gas-Cooled Reactors

    V. Plant Equipment and Arrangement

    VI. Fuel Cycles

    VII. Fuel Cycle Economics

    VIII. Future Trends in Gas-Cooled Reactor Designs

    References

    Safety and Economic Characteristics of a 1000-MWe Fast Sodium-Cooled Reactor Design

    I. Introduction

    II. Summary of Safety Characteristics

    III. Summary of Design

    IV. Safety Analysis

    V. Economics

    References

    The Doppler Effect in Fast Reactors

    I. Introduction

    II. Definitions and Notation

    III. Definition of the Doppler Temperature Coefficient of Reactivity for One Isotope

    IV. Multigroup Perturbation Theory

    V. Effective Cross Sections

    VI. Influence of Overlap Between Resonances of Two Different Sequences

    VII. Doppler Effect in the One-Isotope Approximation

    VIII. The Low-Energy and High-Energy Approximations

    IX. Statistical Distributions

    X. Resonance Parameters of the Fuel Isotopes

    XI. Calculational Results

    Appendix A. The Two-Sequence Expansion for the Effective Cross Section

    Appendix B. Derivation of the Overlap Correction in the One-Isotope Approximation

    Appendix C. The High-Energy Approximation

    Appendix D. Derivation of the Resonance Position Distribution

    References

    Fast Reactor Meltdown Accidents Using Bethe-Tait Analysis

    I. Introduction

    II. Modified Bethe-Tait Method

    III. Description of Typical Reactor Core

    IV. Parameter Study of Equivalent Spherical Reactor Cores

    V. Cylindrical Reactors

    VI. Excursions Starting Below the Threshold for Core Disassembly

    VII. Summary

    Appendix A. Modified Bethe-Tait Model

    Appendix B. Equation of State for Fast Reactor MHA Analysis

    References

    Appendix A References

    Appendix B References

    Optimum Nuclear Reactor Control Theory

    I. Introduction

    II. Systems with Constrained Controls

    III. Hamilton Density and Hamiltonian

    IV. Example with Control Constraints

    V. Systems with State Restraints

    VI. Example with State Restraints

    VII. Importance Interpretations of the Adjoint Function

    VIII. Dynamic Programming

    IX. Distributed Systems

    References

    Developments in Perturbation Theory

    I. Introduction

    II. Systems Having a Source

    III. Collision Probability Theory

    IV. Arbitrary Ratios in Critical Systems

    V. Conclusion

    References

    Industrial Applications of Ionizing Radiations

    I. Summary

    II. Ionizing Radiation in the Chemical Industry

    III. Ionizing Radiation in the Medical Product and Food Industries

    IV. Sources of Ionizing Radiation

    References

    Author Index

    Subject Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 408
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1968
  • Published: January 1, 1968
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483224619

About the Editors

Paul Greebler

Ernest J. Henley

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