Advances in Morphogenesis

Advances in Morphogenesis

Volume 4

1st Edition - January 1, 1964

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  • Editors: M. Abercrombie, Jean Brachet
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483224541

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Advances in Morphogenesis, Volume 4 covers the significant advances in various aspects of morphogenesis. This volume is composed of six chapters that specifically consider the biological aspects of cell growth and development. The opening chapter describes the techniques for cell nuclei transplantation in different organisms. The next chapter surveys the features of the unicellular desmid genus Micrasterias and its application as a model system to delineate morphogenesis. Other chapters discuss the functional problems in corneal development and the regeneration in lower plants and annelids. The last chapter provides a summary of the biological aspects of the hen's egg yolk embryogenesis. This book is directed primarily to developmental biologists.

Table of Contents

  • Contributors to Volume 4

    The Transplantation of Living Cell Nuclei

    I. Introduction

    II. Techniques of Nuclear Transplantation

    A. Transfer of Nuclei with Cytoplasm

    B. Transfer of Isolated Nuclei

    C. Summary

    III. Results of Nuclear Transfer Experiments

    A. Stable Changes in Living Nuclei

    B. Reversible Changes in Living Nuclei

    C. Nuclear or Cytoplasmic Control of Differentiation

    D. Intracellular Communication

    IV. Conclusions from Nuclear Transfer Experiments Compared with those from other Experiments

    A. Variation in the Genetic Material of Differentiating Cells

    B. Stable Activation or Repression of Genetic Material

    C. Reversible Gene Activation and Repression

    V. Summary and Prospects


    Morphogenesis in Micrasterias

    I. Introduction

    II. General Features of the Desmids

    III. Normal Features of Micrasterias

    IV. Culture of Micrasterias

    V. Persistent Defects in Form

    A. Uniradiate Cells

    B. Aradiate Cells

    VI. Enucleate Cells

    VII. Complex Cells

    VIII. Changes in the Chromosome Complement

    A. Polyploidy

    B. Aneuploidy

    IX. The Effect of Ultraviolet Radiation

    X. Effects of Chemical Compounds

    A. Effects of Weak Acids on the Nucleoli

    B. Effects on the Development of New Semicells

    XI. Theory of the Cytoplasmic Framework

    XII. Conclusions


    Problems in Corneal Morphogenesis

    I. Introduction

    II. Induction of the Cornea

    III. Anterior Epithelium

    IV. Stromal Architecture and Properties

    A. Postepithelial Layer

    B. Stromal Fibroblasts

    C. The Fiber Matrix

    V. The Posterior Epithelium

    VI. Descemet's Membrane

    VII. Transparency of the Cornea

    VIII. Growth and Shaping of the Cornea

    IX. Corneal Morphogenesis in Relationship to Eye Morphogenesis


    Regeneration in Lower Plants

    I. Introduction

    II. Reactivation of Quiescent Embryonic Centers

    III. Embryonization of Mature Cells

    A. The Changes in the Cells during Embryonization

    B. The Location of Regeneration

    C. The Nature of Correlations in Differentiation

    IV. Differentiation of Regenerates

    A. Differentiation under Influence of the Isolated Part

    B. Determination Preserved in Regeneration

    V. Concluding Remarks


    Regeneration in Annelids

    I. Introduction

    II. Blastema Formation

    A. Regenerative Elements

    B. Biochemical Factors

    C. Role of the Nervous System

    III. Differentiation of the Regeneration Bud

    A. Caudal Regeneration

    B. Cephalic Regeneration

    IV. Importance of the Nervous System in Morphogenesis

    V. Endocrine Role of the Nervous System

    A. Experimental Facts

    B. Histophysiological Bases

    VI. General Conclusions


    Biological Aspects of the Yolk of the Hen's Egg

    I. Introduction

    II. The Laid Egg

    A. The Vitelline Membrane

    B. The Chemistry of the Yolk

    C. The Physical Structure of the Yolk

    III. The Formation of Yolk

    A. Oogenesis prior to Yolk Formation

    B. Oogenesis during Yolk Formation

    C. Vitelline Membrane Formation and Ovulation

    IV. The Intracellular Yolk and its Digestion

    A. The Rate of Disappearance of Yolk

    V. The Yolk Sac

    A. The Origin of the Yolk Sac

    B. Theories on the Origin of Cells or Nuclei from Yolk

    C. Further Differentiation of the Yolk Sac

    D. The Ingestion of Yolk by the Yolk Sac and the Embryo

    E. The Yolk Sac as a 'Transitory Liver'

    VI. Chemical Changes in the Yolk during Incubation

    A. Uptake of Water

    B. Enzyme Activity in the Yolk and Yolk Sac

    VII. Development of the Embryo without Yolk

    A. The Explantation Technique

    B. Yolk Replacement In Situ

    VIII. Post-Hatching Fate of Yolk and Yolk Sac


    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 298
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1964
  • Published: January 1, 1964
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483224541

About the Editors

M. Abercrombie

Jean Brachet

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