Advances in Molten Salt Reactors - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780081026069

Advances in Molten Salt Reactors

1st Edition

Developments, Challenges and Opportunities

Editors: Mark Ho Massimiliano Fratoni Guan Heng Yeoh
Paperback ISBN: 9780081026069
Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
Published Date: 1st February 2020
Page Count: 600
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Table of Contents

Part A: Fundamentals of Molten Salt Reactor technology

Including- Neutronics, Thermal Hydraulics, Coupling of N & TH, Materials, Chemistry, Fuel Cycles etc.

Part B: MSR Fundamentals & Research

This section applies concepts introduced in part A by covering recent discoveries in MSR research. It will include MSR multiphysics simulations of fast/thermal, fluoride/chloride salts, solid/liquid fuel design concepts. Other new findings such as new experimental thermal scattering data of salts and new phenomenon witnessed in the numerical simulation of accident scenarios will also be located here.

1. Neutronics

Core layout optimisation

Burn up studies

Uncertainty analysis

Quasi steady studies

2. Thermo-hydraulics

Modelling approaches- 1D systems, porous media, CFD

Steady state and quasi S.S. Analysis

Turbulence model comparisons

Discrete Element Method for pebble fuel simulations

3. Materials

Corrosion studies

Ionising radiation design studies of different materials

Nickel based alloy vs carbon composites

Materials swelling prediction

Existing capabilities and Instrumentation needs

4. Chemistry


Salt synthesis

Lithium enrichment techniques

Waste disposal

5. Safety analysis

Loss of Coolant accident scenario

Decay Heat Removal simulation

Reactivity Insertion Accident analysis

Core compression studies from seismic events of solid fuel MSRs

6. Economics


Part C: Molten Salt Reactor Designs

(Inc. contributions from SINAP, Terrestrial Energy, Terrapower, Transatomic, Thorcon, Copenhagen atomics, Moltex, Kairos etc.)

Each design discussed will follow the same format:

1. Aims of design

2. Advantages and disadvantages of design

3. Supporting simulation results


Advances in Molten Salt Reactors: Developments, Challenges and Opportunities comprehensively reviews a variety of molten salt reactor designs, focusing on aspects of neutronics, thermal-hydraulics, chemistry, material and safety characteristics to give the reader a detailed understanding of each design’s underlying dynamic and purpose. Editors Dr. Mark Ho, Professor Massimiliano Frantoni, and Professor Huan Heng Yeoh, along with their team of expert contributors, combine their experience and knowledge to analyze a variety of design options to ensure engineers are able to make well informed decisions for the most effective energy spectrum for their plants, including salt and material selection, instrumentation challenges and experimental capabilities.

This book presents the rapid developments made in molten salt designs from investing countries such as China, the US, UK, Canada and considers the work of a variety of key pioneering companies. It will be particularly valuable to practicing and researching nuclear engineers and graduate students of advanced nuclear reactor development.

Key Features

  • Combines all the latest research into one resource
  • Includes simulation techniques, burn-up studies, novel reactor transients and newly identified phenomenon for safety analysis
  • Surveys newly developed MSR concepts from companies such as SINAP, Terrestrial Energy, TerraPower, Moltex, and others


Nuclear engineers, national research labs, academics & grad students concerned with the behaviour and understanding of MSRs with a view to continue the research and development of advanced reactors in nuclear plants; government officials, policy makers & nuclear regulatory authorities


No. of pages:
© Woodhead Publishing 2020
Woodhead Publishing
Paperback ISBN:

Ratings and Reviews

About the Editors

Mark Ho Editor

Dr. Ho has been working as a reactor thermal hydraulic specialist at ANSTO for 12 years. He has been tracking the evolution of different molten salt reactor concepts for some time. His interest was sparked when he attended the Thorium Energy Conference in Shanghai in 2012. With his colleagues at ANSTO, be wrote a molten salt reactor review paper in 2013 link1 and started recruiting PhD students to conduct research on the topic. Currently there are 3 PhD students, two of which are focusing at neutronic characteristics and one who is looking specifically at the thermo-hydraulic behaviour of the solid-fuel under the supervision of Professor Yeoh, liquid salt design that both SINAP and UCB are working on. Dr Ho also serves as a Vice President of the Australian Nuclear Association (ANA) which strongly lobbies for the development of nuclear power and has delivered talks on the topic of MSRs link2 and fast reactors link3. In the last few years, he has developed ties with UCB, MIT and SINAP, three institutes heavily involved with MSR developments.

Affiliations and Expertise

Nuclear Analysis Section, Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation, ANSTO

Massimiliano Fratoni Editor

Prof. Fratoni's research interests are in advanced fuel cycles that maximize natural resource utilization and minimize nuclear waste enabling sustainable nuclear energy. His main focus is on the design and analysis of advanced reactors such as molten salt reactors, fast spectrum reactors, reduced-moderation boiling water reactors, and fluoride-cooled high-temperature reactors. Prof. Fratoni's group also develops computational methods to support reactor analysis, and in particular multi-physics modelling and uncertainty quantification. Additional research areas include accident tolerant fuel, nuclear fuel cycle analysis, geological repository/far-field criticality, and fusion blanket design.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA

Guan Heng Yeoh Editor

Guan Heng Yeoh is a professor at the School of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, UNSW, and a principal research scientist at ANSTO. He is the founder and editor of the Journal of Computational Multiphase Flows and the group leader of Computational Thermal-Hydraulics of OPAL Research Reactor, ANSTO. He has approximately 250 publications including 10 books, 12 book chapters, 156 journal articles and 115 conference papers with an H-index of 33 and over 4490 citations. His research interests are computational fluid dynamics (CFD); numerical heat and mass transfer; turbulence modelling using Reynolds averaging and large eddy simulation; combustion, radiation heat transfer, soot formation and oxidation, and solid pyrolysis in fire engineering; fundamental studies in multiphase flows: free surface, gas-particle, liquid-solid (blood flow and nanoparticles), and gas-liquid (bubbly, slug/cap, churn-turbulent, and subcooled nucleate boiling flows); computational modelling of industrial systems of single-phase and multiphase flows.

Affiliations and Expertise

Mechanical Engineering (CFD), University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation, University of New South Wales, Australia