Advances in Membrane Technologies for Water Treatment

Advances in Membrane Technologies for Water Treatment

Materials, Processes and Applications

1st Edition - February 28, 2015

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  • Editors: A Basile, A Cassano, N K Rastogi
  • eBook ISBN: 9781782421269
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9781782421214

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Description

Advances in Membrane Technologies for Water Treatment: Materials, Processes and Applications provides a detailed overview of advanced water treatment methods involving membranes, which are increasingly seen as effective replacements for a range of conventional water treatment methods. The text begins with reviews of novel membrane materials and advances in membrane operations, then examines the processes involved with improving membrane performance. Final chapters cover the application of membrane technologies for use in water treatment, with detailed discussions on municipal wastewater and reuse in the textile and paper industries.

Key Features

  • Provides a detailed overview of advanced water treatment methods involving membranes
  • Coverage includes advancements in membrane materials, improvement in membrane performance, and their applications in water treatment
  • Discusses the use of membrane technologies in the production of drinking water, desalination, wastewater treatment, and recovery

Readership

Materials scientists and industry engineers carrying out research and development on membrane materials for water treatment, as well as postgraduates working in this field.

Table of Contents

    • Related titles
    • List of contributors
    • Woodhead Publishing Series in Energy
    • Preface
    • Part One. Novel membrane materials and advances in membrane operations
      • 1. Advances in polymeric membranes for water treatment
        • 1.1. Introduction
        • 1.2. Advances in polymeric membranes
        • 1.3. Applications for water treatment
        • 1.4. Concluding remarks and future trends
        • Abbreviations
        • Greek symbol
      • 2. Advances in ceramic membranes for water treatment
        • 2.1. Introduction
        • 2.2. Development in ceramic membranes and their fabrication processes
        • 2.3. Development in membrane modules and units
        • 2.4. Ceramic membranes for water treatment
        • 2.5. Ceramic membrane cleaning
        • 2.6. Prospects and challenges
        • Abbreviations
      • 3. Advances in water treatment by microfiltration, ultrafiltration, and nanofiltration
        • 3.1. Introduction
        • 3.2. Water treatment by MF, UF, and NF
        • 3.3. Pretreatment requirements
        • 3.4. Advances in membrane materials for water treatment by MF, UF, and NF
        • 3.5. Advances in membrane modules and system configurations for water treatment by MF, UF, and NF
        • 3.6. Applications of water treatment by MF, UF, and NF
        • 3.7. Future trends
        • 3.8. Sources of further information and advice
        • 3.9. Conclusion
        • List of acronyms
        • List of symbols
      • 4. Water treatment by reverse and forward osmosis
        • 4.1. Introduction
        • 4.2. Thermal or membrane desalination
        • 4.3. Difference between osmosis, RO, and FO
        • 4.4. Fundamentals of water treatment by RO
        • 4.5. Conventional and membrane pretreatment for RO feed water
        • 4.6. Fundamentals of water treatment by FO
        • 4.7. Membranes for FO
        • 4.8. Desalination by FO
        • 4.9. Conclusion
        • List of symbols
        • Abbreviations
      • 5. Membrane bioreactors for water treatment
        • 5.1. Introduction
        • 5.2. Fundamentals
        • 5.3. Aerobic MBR
        • 5.4. Anaerobic MBRs
        • 5.5. Forward osmosis MBRs
        • 5.6. Conclusion and perspectives
        • List of abbreviations
      • 6. Advances in electrodialysis for water treatment
        • 6.1. Introduction
        • 6.2. Fundamentals of electrodialysis for water treatment
        • 6.3. Advances in membrane materials for electrodialysis for water treatment
        • 6.4. Advances in membrane modules and system configurations for electrodialysis for water treatment
        • 6.5. Applications of electrodialysis for water treatment
        • 6.6. Future trends
      • 7. Photocatalytic membrane reactors for water treatment
        • 7.1. Introduction
        • 7.2. Fundamentals of PMRs for water treatment
        • 7.3. Advances in membrane modules and system configurations for PMRs for water treatment
        • 7.4. Applications of PMRs for water treatment
        • 7.5. Advantages and limitations of PMRs in water treatment
        • 7.6. Conclusion
        • 7.7. Future trends
        • 7.8. Sources of further information
        • List of symbols
        • List of acronyms
      • 8. Novel and emerging membranes for water treatment by hydrostatic pressure and vapor pressure gradient membrane processes
        • 8.1. Introduction
        • 8.2. Pressure-driven membrane processes
        • 8.3. Vapor pressure gradient driven membrane processes
        • 8.4. Conclusions
        • 8.5. Future trends
        • List of acronyms
      • 9. Novel and emerging membranes for water treatment by electric potential and concentration gradient membrane processes
        • 9.1. Introduction
        • 9.2. Electric potential gradient driven membrane processes: ED/RED
        • 9.3. Concentration gradient driven membrane processes: FO and PRO
        • 9.4. Conclusions
        • 9.5. Future trends
        • List of acronyms
        • List of symbols
    • Part Two. Improving membraneperformance
      • 10. Planning and design of membrane systems for water treatment
        • 10.1. Introduction
        • 10.2. Membrane types and configurations for water treatment
        • 10.3. Low- and high-pressure membranes
        • 10.4. Low-pressure membrane applications
        • 10.5. Applications of low-pressure membranes for water treatment, surface water, and groundwater
        • 10.6. Planning and designing low-pressure membrane treatment
        • 10.7. High-pressure membrane applications
        • 10.8. Applications of high-pressure membranes for water treatment, brackish water, seawater/ocean water
        • 10.9. Planning and designing high-pressure membrane treatment
        • 10.10. Integrated membrane systems
        • 10.11. Combination of membrane treatment with other technological processes
        • 10.12. Conclusions: future trends in membrane treatment development for water treatment
        • List of acronyms
      • 11. Membrane ageing during water treatment: mechanisms, monitoring, and control
        • 11.1. Introduction
        • 11.2. Reliability, maintainability, and resilience
        • 11.3. Membrane failure modes
        • 11.4. Membrane ageing monitoring methods
        • 11.5. Membrane ageing control methods
        • 11.6. Conclusion
        • 11.7. Future trends
        • List of acronyms
      • 12. Mathematical modeling of membrane operations for water treatment
        • 12.1. Introduction
        • 12.2. Mathematical modeling
        • 12.3. Future work
        • 12.4. Conclusion
        • Nomenclature
        • Greek letters
    • Part Three. Applications
      • 13. Membrane technologies for seawater desalination and brackish water treatment
        • 13.1. Introduction
        • 13.2. Principle of RO
        • 13.3. RO membranes and modules
        • 13.4. Fouling and pretreatment strategies
        • 13.5. Energy requirements for RO plant
        • 13.6. Energy from SW
        • 13.7. Economics of membrane desalination
        • 13.8. Conclusions
        • List of symbols
        • List of acronyms
      • 14. Membrane technologies for municipal wastewater treatment
        • 14.1. Introduction
        • 14.2. Process fundamentals and indicators
        • 14.3. Membrane fouling in wastewater treatment
        • 14.4. Design, operation, and control of membrane processes in municipal wastewater treatment
        • 14.5. Optimisation of membrane processes in municipal wastewater treatment
        • 14.6. Future trends and conclusion
        • List of acronyms and abbreviations
      • 15. Membrane technologies for the removal of micropollutants in water treatment
        • 15.1. Introduction
        • 15.2. Inorganic micropollutant removal
        • 15.3. Removal of microorganisms and NOM
        • 15.4. Organic micropollutant removal
        • 15.5. Conclusions
        • 15.6. Final remarks
        • List of acronyms
      • 16. Membrane technologies for water treatment and reuse in the gas and petrochemical industries
        • 16.1. Introduction
        • 16.2. Membrane technologies for water treatment and reuse in the gas and petrochemical industries
        • 16.3. Integrating membrane processes into existing treatment infrastructure
        • 16.4. Improving process design, operation, monitoring, and control
        • 16.5. Energy consumption of membrane operations in the gas and petrochemical industries
        • 16.6. Conclusions
        • 16.7. Future trends
        • Nomenclature
        • Greek symbols
      • 17. Membrane technologies for water treatment and reuse in the textile industry
        • 17.1. Introduction
        • 17.2. Textile wastewater
        • 17.3. Treatment of textile wastewater
        • 17.4. Conclusions
        • List of abbreviations
      • 18. Membrane technologies for water treatment and reuse in the food and beverage industries
        • 18.1. Introduction
        • 18.2. Wastewaters from food and beverage industry
        • 18.3. Wastewaters from fish and seafood industry
        • 18.4. Wastewater from dairy industry
        • 18.5. Wastewaters from meat industry
        • 18.6. Winery wastewater
        • 18.7. Soybean wastewater
        • 18.8. Conclusions and future trends
        • List of acronyms
      • 19. Membrane technologies for water treatment and reuse in the pulp and paper industries
        • 19.1. Introduction
        • 19.2. Purification of wastewaters
        • 19.3. Membrane processes to recirculate process water
        • 19.4. Simultaneous recovery of valuable by-products and purification of process waters
        • 19.5. Purification of raw water
        • 19.6. Conclusion and future trends
        • 19.7. Further information and advice
        • List of acronyms
      • 20. Membrane technologies for water treatment and reuse in the power industries
        • 20.1. Introduction
        • 20.2. Water purification technologies
        • 20.3. Operational experience with membranes
        • 20.4. Future trends
        • 20.5. Recommended reading
        • List of acronyms/symbols
    • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 666
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2015
  • Published: February 28, 2015
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • eBook ISBN: 9781782421269
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9781782421214

About the Editors

A Basile

Angelo Basile, a Chemical Engineer, is a senior Researcher at the ITM-CNR where is responsible of the researches related to both the ultra-pure hydrogen production and CO2 capture using Pd-based Membrane Reactors. Angelo He has 165 scientific papers in peer to peer journals and 252 papers in international congresses; and is a reviewer for 165 int. journals, an editor/author of 50 scientific books and 120 chapters on international books on membrane science and technology; 6 Italian patents, 2 European patents and 5 worldwide patents. He is referee of 104 international scientific journals and Member of the Editorial Board of 21 of them. Basile is also Editor associate of the Int. J. Hydrogen Energy and Editor-in-chief of the Int. J. Membrane Science & Technol. and Editor-in-chief of Membrane Processes (Applications), a section of the international journal Membranes: Basile also prepared 42 special issues on membrane science and technology for many international journals (IJHE, Chem Eng. J., Cat. Today, etc.). He participated to and was/is responsible of many national and international projects on membrane reactors and membrane science. Basile served as Director of the ITM-CNR during the period Dec. 2008 – May 2009. In the last years, he was tutor of 30 Thesis for master and Ph.D. students at the Chemical Engineering Department of the University of Calabria (Italy). Form 2014, Basile is Full Professor of Chemical Engineering Processes.

Affiliations and Expertise

Institute on Membrane Technology, University of Calabria, Italian National Research Council, ITM-CNR, Rende, Italy

A Cassano

Alfredo Cassano, a Biologist, is senior Researcher at ITM-CNR since 2000. He has a long experience in the field of membrane science and technology with research expertise including pressure-driven membrane processes, membrane contactors and integrated membrane operations mainly applied to wastewater treatments and agro-food productions. He has 109 scientific papers in peer to peer journals and 96 papers in international congresses; he is co-author of 8 scientific books, 35 book chapters in international books and two national patents in the field of membrane science and technology. He is also referee of several international scientific journals and member of the Editorial board of 9 of them. Cassano also prepared 4 special issues on membrane science and technology for 3 international journals (Membranes, Foods and Journal of Membrane Science and Research). He is involved as scientific responsible or main investigator in different national projects with both Italian Ministry of Education, University & Research and private companies and international projects funded by EU. He has been tutor of more than 30 Thesis for master and Ph.D. students at ITM-CNR.

Affiliations and Expertise

Senior Researcher, Institute on Membrane Technology of the Italian National Research Council, ITM-CNR, University of Calbria, Rende, Italy

N K Rastogi

Performed pioneering R&D work on various research aspects such as high pressure processing, forward osmosis, infusion of bioactive compounds, downstream processing of enzymes and proteins, modeling of synthesis of PHA, graphene nano-composite, designer oils, biofilms from chitosan, ultrasound and ozone for the preservation of fruit juices. All these efforts resulted in the culmination of more than 150 original research publication in reputed international journals and more than 100 presentations in various conferences. The quality of work evidenced from the higher total citations (6118 Nos) and h-index (43). Developed technology for five products namely, virgin coconut oil, spray dried coconut milk, honey based fruit spread, coconut beverage from tender coconut and coconut spread and transferred to several industries; as well as obtained 17 patents to his credit. Guided 10 Ph.D. students in the area of Food Science, Engineering, Technology, and Biotechnology; as well as in Biological and Engineering Sciences. Served on the panels of highly reputed journals as an Editor/Member of Editorial Board published by Elsevier, Wiley, Cosmos Scholars, Jakraya, Hindawi and Omics. Besides, two books entitled “Advances in membrane technologies for water treatment: Materials, processes and applications” (Woodhead Publishing Ltd., UK.) and “Application of high pressure in food processing” (Springer, USA) were co-edited/written. Research accomplishments were also recently recognized by the scientific bodies and award prestigious awards like the CSIR-Young Scientist Award; AFST-Young Scientist Award; AFST-Laljee Godhoo Nidhi Smarak Award; Fellow of AFST and NAAS; Seligman APV Fellowship by the SCI, London; DAAD Fellowship; DBT Overseas Fellowship; Merit promotion; CFTRI Technology Award. Several awards were also received him for the scientific presentations.

Affiliations and Expertise

Senior Principal Scientist, Department of Food Engineering, Central Food Technological Research Institute and Professor, Academy of Scientific & Innovative Research (AcSIR), CSIR, New Delhi.

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