Advances in Comparative Physiology and Biochemistry V8

Advances in Comparative Physiology and Biochemistry V8

1st Edition - July 28, 1982

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  • Editor: O Lowenstein
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323152891

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Description

Advances in Comparative Physiology and Biochemistry, Volume 8, presents five papers covering topics that range from biochemical aspects of the genetics of the various mutants of the fruit fly Drosophila to the physiological, biophysical, and biochemical mechanisms in diving animals. The first study on the biochemistry and genetics of purine metabolism in Drosophila melanogaster examines purine nucleotide biosynthesis and interconversion, catabolism of purines, genetics of catabolic enzymes, and purine auxotrophy. The second study on central nervous system regulation of pituitary melanocyte-stimulating hormone presents experiments with amphibians, reptiles, and mammals that test nervous-neuroendocrine control of MSS release. The third study examines the comparative physiology of calcium regulation in submammalian vertebrates, including fishes, amphibians, and birds. The fourth study looks at the cerebellum of fishes. The final paper deals with the comparative physiology of diving in vertebrates. The book will be useful to biologists given their appreciation of functional biological principles, as well as a reference tool for specialists.

Table of Contents


  • Contributors to Volume 8

    Preface

    Contents of Previous Volumes

    Errata

    The Biochemistry and Genetics of Purine Metabolism in Drosophila melanogaster

    I. Introduction

    II. Purine Nucleotide Biosynthesis and Interconversion

    III. Catabolism of Purines

    IV. The Genetics of Catabolic Enzymes

    V. Pteridines

    VI. Purine Auxotrophy

    VII. Prospects for the Biochemical Genetic Analysis of Purine Metabolism in Drosophila

    References

    Central Nervous System Regulation of Pituitary Melanocyte-Stimulating Hormone

    I. Introduction

    II. Microanatomical Brain-Pituitary Relationships

    III. Experiments with Amphibians, Reptiles, and Mammals That Test Nervous-Neuroendocrine Control of MSS Release

    IV. Conclusion: A General Model

    V. Summary

    References

    The Comparative Physiology of Calcium Regulation in Submammalian Vertebrates

    I. Introduction

    II. Glands and Hormones

    III. Calcium Regulation in Fishes

    IV. Calcium Regulation in Amphibians

    V. Calcium Regulation in Reptiles

    VI. Calcium Regulation in Birds

    VII. Summary

    References

    The Cerebellum of Fishes: A Comparative Neurophysiological and Neuroanatomical Review

    I. Introduction

    II. General Considerations of What Constitutes the Cerebellum in Fishes

    III. Cerebellar Morphology

    IV. Electrophysiological Studies of the Cerebellum in Fishes

    V. The Anatomy and Physiology of Cerebellar Afferents

    VI. The Output from the Cerebellum

    VII. Functional Studies: Effects of Ablation and Stimulation

    VIII. The Lateral Line Lobes

    IX. General Observations and Concluding Remarks

    X. Appendix: A List of Fishes Cited in This Article

    References

    The Comparative Physiology of Diving in Vertebrates

    I. Introduction

    II. Diving Behavior and Performance

    III. Cutaneous Gas Exchange

    IV. Oxygen Stores

    V. Metabolism during Diving

    VI. Biochemical Adaptations

    VII. Cardiovascular System and Circulatory Adjustments during Diving

    VIII. Control of Cardiovascular Adjustments to Diving

    IX. Control of the Respiratory Responses to Diving

    X. Temperature Regulation and Adaptations to Low Temperature

    XI. Deep Diving and the Effects of Hydrostatic Pressure

    XII. Respiratory Properties of the Blood

    XIII. The Diving Response and Man

    References

    Index








Product details

  • No. of pages: 384
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1982
  • Published: July 28, 1982
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323152891

About the Editor

O Lowenstein

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