Advances in Comparative Physiology and Biochemistry V8 - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780120115082, 9780323152891

Advances in Comparative Physiology and Biochemistry V8

1st Edition

Editors: O Lowenstein
eBook ISBN: 9780323152891
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th July 1982
Page Count: 384
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Advances in Comparative Physiology and Biochemistry, Volume 8, presents five papers covering topics that range from biochemical aspects of the genetics of the various mutants of the fruit fly Drosophila to the physiological, biophysical, and biochemical mechanisms in diving animals. The first study on the biochemistry and genetics of purine metabolism in Drosophila melanogaster examines purine nucleotide biosynthesis and interconversion, catabolism of purines, genetics of catabolic enzymes, and purine auxotrophy. The second study on central nervous system regulation of pituitary melanocyte-stimulating hormone presents experiments with amphibians, reptiles, and mammals that test nervous-neuroendocrine control of MSS release. The third study examines the comparative physiology of calcium regulation in submammalian vertebrates, including fishes, amphibians, and birds. The fourth study looks at the cerebellum of fishes. The final paper deals with the comparative physiology of diving in vertebrates. The book will be useful to biologists given their appreciation of functional biological principles, as well as a reference tool for specialists.

Table of Contents

Contributors to Volume 8 Preface Contents of Previous Volumes Errata The Biochemistry and Genetics of Purine Metabolism in Drosophila melanogaster I. Introduction II. Purine Nucleotide Biosynthesis and Interconversion III. Catabolism of Purines IV. The Genetics of Catabolic Enzymes V. Pteridines VI. Purine Auxotrophy VII. Prospects for the Biochemical Genetic Analysis of Purine Metabolism in Drosophila References Central Nervous System Regulation of Pituitary Melanocyte-Stimulating Hormone I. Introduction II. Microanatomical Brain-Pituitary Relationships III. Experiments with Amphibians, Reptiles, and Mammals That Test Nervous-Neuroendocrine Control of MSS Release IV. Conclusion: A General Model V. Summary References The Comparative Physiology of Calcium Regulation in Submammalian Vertebrates I. Introduction II. Glands and Hormones III. Calcium Regulation in Fishes IV. Calcium Regulation in Amphibians V. Calcium Regulation in Reptiles VI. Calcium Regulation in Birds VII. Summary References The Cerebellum of Fishes: A Comparative Neurophysiological and Neuroanatomical Review I. Introduction II. General Considerations of What Constitutes the Cerebellum in Fishes III. Cerebellar Morphology IV. Electrophysiological Studies of the Cerebellum in Fishes V. The Anatomy and Physiology of Cerebellar Afferents VI. The Output from the Cerebellum VII. Functional Studies: Effects of Ablation and Stimulation VIII. The Lateral Line Lobes IX. General Observations and Concluding Remarks X. Appendix: A List of Fishes Cited in This Article References The Comparative Physiology of Diving in Vertebrates I. Introduction II. Diving Behavior and Performance III. Cutaneous Gas Exchange IV. Oxygen Stores V. Metabolism during Diving VI. Biochemical Adaptat


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© Academic Press 1982
Academic Press
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O Lowenstein

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