Advances in Clean Hydrocarbon Fuel Processing

Advances in Clean Hydrocarbon Fuel Processing

Science and Technology

1st Edition - September 23, 2011

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  • Editor: M. Rashid Khan
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857093783
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780081016763

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Description

Conventional coal, oil and gas resources used worldwide for power production and transportation are limited and unsustainable. Research and development into clean, alternative hydrocarbon fuels is therefore aimed at improving fuel security through exploring new feedstock conversion techniques, improving production efficiency and reducing environmental impacts.Advances in clean hydrocarbon fuel processing provides a comprehensive and systematic reference on the range of alternative conversion processes and technologies.Following introductory overviews of the feedstocks, environmental issues and life cycle assessment for alternative hydrocarbon fuel processing, sections go on to review solid, liquid and gaseous fuel conversion. Solid fuel coverage includes reviews of liquefaction, gasification, pyrolysis and biomass catalysis. Liquid fuel coverage includes reviews of sulfur removal, partial oxidation and hydroconversion. Gaseous fuel coverage includes reviews of Fischer-Tropsch synthesis, methanol and dimethyl ether production, water-gas shift technology and natural gas hydrate conversion. The final section examines environmental degradation issues in fuel processing plants as well as automation, advanced process control and process modelling techniques for plant optimisationWritten by an international team of expert contributors, Advances in clean hydrocarbon fuel processing provides a valuable reference for fuel processing engineers, industrial petrochemists and energy professionals, as well as for researchers and academics in this field.

Key Features

  • A comprehensive reference on the range of alternative conversion processes and technologies
  • Provides an overview of the feedstocks, environmental issues and life cycle assessments for alternative hydrocarbon fuel processing, including a review of the key issues in solid, liquid and gaseous fuel conversion
  • Examines automation, advanced process control and process modelling techniques for plant optimisation

Readership

Fuel processing engineers, industrial petrochemists and energy professionals, as well as for researchers and academics in this field.

Table of Contents

  • Contributor contact details

    Woodhead Publishing Series in Energy

    Part I: Overview and assessment of hydrocarbon fuel conversion processes

    Chapter 1: Characterization and preparation of biomass, oil shale and coal-based feedstocks

    Abstract:

    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 Types and properties of feedstock

    1.3 Coal feedstock characterization and requirements

    1.4 Coal cleaning and preparation techniques

    1.5 Coal slurry fuels

    1.6 Future trends

    1.7 Sources of further information and advice

    Chapter 2: Production, properties and environmental impact of hydrocarbon fuel conversion

    Abstract:

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Production of hydrocarbon fuels

    2.3 Properties of hydrocarbon fuels

    2.4 Use and energy efficiency

    2.5 Environmental impact

    2.6 Toxicity hazards

    2.7 Future trends in fuels production and properties

    Chapter 3: Life cycle assessment (LCA) of alternative hydrocarbon fuel conversion

    Abstract:

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Life cycle assessment: environmental, energetic and techno-economic issues

    3.3 Life cycle assessment of fuel conversion routes and alternative feedstock utilisation

    3.4 Conclusions and future trends

    3.5 Sources of further information and advice

    Part II: Solid hydrocarbon fuel processing and technology

    Chapter 4: Direct liquefaction (DCL) processes and technology for coal and biomass conversion

    Abstract:

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Feedstocks for direct liquefaction

    4.3 Basics of coal and biomass/lignin reaction chemistry

    4.4 Process variables: coal rank, solvent, catalyst, temperature, pressure and residence time in direct liquefaction (DCL)

    4.5 Known process technologies

    4.6 Product output and quality issues

    4.7 Process control and modeling techniques

    4.8 Advantages and limitations

    4.9 Future trends in direct coal liquefaction

    4.10 Sources of further information and advice

    Chapter 5: Gasification process technology

    Abstract:

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Gasification in the refinery environment

    5.3 Basic principles

    5.4 Building blocks for complete systems

    5.5 Hydrogen and power plant as an example for a complete system

    5.6 Advantages and limitations

    5.7 Future trends

    5.8 Sources of further information and advice

    Chapter 6: Pyrolysis processes and technology for the conversion of hydrocarbons and biomass

    Abstract:

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Applicable feedstocks

    6.3 Process technology

    6.4 Basic reactions

    6.5 Thermodynamics/reaction kinetics

    6.6 Catalyst and solvent utilization

    6.7 Conclusion and future trends

    Chapter 7: Biomass catalysis in conventional refineries

    Abstract:

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Biomass feedstock: availability and diversity

    7.3 Catalytic cracking of biomass feedstock

    7.4 Hydrotreating of biomass feedstock

    7.5 Production of conventional liquid fuels from sugars

    7.6 Future trends

    Part III: Liquid hydrocarbon fuel processing and technology

    Chapter 8: Sulfur removal from heavy and light petroleum hydrocarbon by selective oxidation

    Abstract:

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Background

    8.3 Oxidative desulfurization chemistry

    8.4 Conclusions

    Chapter 9: Partial oxidation (POX) processes and technology for clean fuel and chemical production

    Abstract:

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Process technology and methods of partial oxidation (POX)

    9.3 Basic partial oxidation reactions

    9.4 Catalysts utilized

    9.5 Process control and modelling techniques

    9.6 Advantages, limitations and optimization

    9.7 Future trends

    Chapter 10: Hydroconversion processes and technology for clean fuel and chemical production

    Abstract:

    10.1 Introduction to petroleum refining

    10.2 Environmental protection

    10.3 Hydroconversion overview

    10.4 Economics of hydroconversion

    10.5 Chemistry of hydroconversion

    10.6 Supported-metal hydroconversion catalyst

    10.7 Commercial hydroconversion units

    10.8 Future trends in hydroconversion

    Part IV: Gaseous hydrocarbon fuel processing and technology

    Chapter 11: Middle distillate fuel production from synthesis gas via the Fischer–Tropsch process

    Abstract:

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Process technology

    11.3 Basic principles of the reaction process

    11.4 Catalyst utilisation

    11.5 Product upgrading and quality issues

    11.6 Process modelling and control

    11.7 Advantages, limitations and optimisation for synthetic middle distillate fuels

    11.8 Future trends

    11.9 Sources of further information and advice

    Chapter 12: Methanol and dimethyl ether (DME) production from synthesis gas

    Abstract:

    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Process technology and new innovations

    12.3 Basic principles of methanol synthesis

    12.4 Catalysts

    12.5 Product quality

    12.6 Estimation of production costs

    12.7 Future trends

    12.8 Sources of further information and advice

    Chapter 13: Advances in water-gas shift technology: modern catalysts and improved reactor concepts

    Abstract:

    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 Modern reactor concepts

    13.3 Advanced catalytic systems

    13.4 Conclusions and future trends

    Chapter 14: Natural gas hydrate conversion processes

    Abstract:

    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Factors important for hydrate conversion

    14.3 Resource potential

    14.4 Conversion processes

    14.5 Advantages, limitations and optimization

    14.6 Future trends

    14.7 Sources of further information and advice

    Part V: Operational issues and process improvement in hydrocarbon fuel processing plant

    Chapter 15: Environmental degradation in hydrocarbon fuel processing plant: issues and mitigation

    Abstract:

    15.1 Introduction

    15.2 Types of degradation and their main locations

    15.3 Protection and mitigation technologies

    15.4 Plant management techniques

    15.5 Future trends

    15.6 Sources of further information and advice

    Chapter 16: Automation technology in hydrocarbon fuel processing plant

    Abstract:

    16.1 Introduction

    16.2 Automation technology survey: from exploration to processing

    16.3 Fundamentals of process control

    16.4 Control design

    16.5 Future trends in automation technology

    16.6 Working towards a broader integration of control and operation

    16.7 Conclusions

    Chapter 17: Advanced process control for clean fuel production: smart plant of the future

    Abstract:

    17.1 Introduction

    17.2 Incentives for smart process control technologies

    17.3 Smart instrumentation of the future

    17.4 Advanced process control (APC) and optimization solutions

    17.5 Model predictive control technology (MPC)

    17.6 Real-time optimization (RTO) technology

    17.7 Control performance monitoring (CPM)

    17.8 Driving future innovation, sustainability and performance in process control technologies

    Chapter 18: Process modeling for hydrocarbon fuel conversion

    Abstract:

    18.1 Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modeling techniques

    18.4 Chemical kinetic modeling

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 584
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2011
  • Published: September 23, 2011
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857093783
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780081016763

About the Editor

M. Rashid Khan

Dr M. Rashid Khan is the leader of Corporate Intellectual Assets Management in the Technology Management Division at Saudi Aramco, Saudi Arabia. He is widely regarded for his work in clean and alternative energies and carbon management. Dr Khan serves as a consultant for Intellectual Property and Business Development for a variety of fields.

Affiliations and Expertise

Saudi Aramco & King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Saudi Arabia

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