Description

Conventional coal, oil and gas resources used worldwide for power production and transportation are limited and unsustainable. Research and development into clean, alternative hydrocarbon fuels is therefore aimed at improving fuel security through exploring new feedstock conversion techniques, improving production efficiency and reducing environmental impacts.

Advances in clean hydrocarbon fuel processing provides a comprehensive and systematic reference on the range of alternative conversion processes and technologies.

Following introductory overviews of the feedstocks, environmental issues and life cycle assessment for alternative hydrocarbon fuel processing, sections go on to review solid, liquid and gaseous fuel conversion. Solid fuel coverage includes reviews of liquefaction, gasification, pyrolysis and biomass catalysis. Liquid fuel coverage includes reviews of sulfur removal, partial oxidation and hydroconversion. Gaseous fuel coverage includes reviews of Fischer-Tropsch synthesis, methanol and dimethyl ether production, water-gas shift technology and natural gas hydrate conversion. The final section examines environmental degradation issues in fuel processing plants as well as automation, advanced process control and process modelling techniques for plant optimisation

Written by an international team of expert contributors, Advances in clean hydrocarbon fuel processing provides a valuable reference for fuel processing engineers, industrial petrochemists and energy professionals, as well as for researchers and academics in this field.

Key Features

  • A comprehensive reference on the range of alternative conversion processes and technologies
  • Provides an overview of the feedstocks, environmental issues and life cycle assessments for alternative hydrocarbon fuel processing, including a review of the key issues in solid, liquid and gaseous fuel conversion
  • Examines automation, advanced process control and process modelling techniques for plant optimisation

Readership

Fuel processing engineers, industrial petrochemists and energy professionals, as well as for researchers and academics in this field.

Table of Contents

Contributor contact details

Woodhead Publishing Series in Energy

Part I: Overview and assessment of hydrocarbon fuel conversion processes

Chapter 1: Characterization and preparation of biomass, oil shale and coal-based feedstocks

Abstract:

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Types and properties of feedstock

1.3 Coal feedstock characterization and requirements

1.4 Coal cleaning and preparation techniques

1.5 Coal slurry fuels

1.6 Future trends

1.7 Sources of further information and advice

Chapter 2: Production, properties and environmental impact of hydrocarbon fuel conversion

Abstract:

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Production of hydrocarbon fuels

2.3 Properties of hydrocarbon fuels

2.4 Use and energy efficiency

2.5 Environmental impact

2.6 Toxicity hazards

2.7 Future trends in fuels production and properties

Chapter 3: Life cycle assessment (LCA) of alternative hydrocarbon fuel conversion

Abstract:

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Life cycle assessment: environmental, energetic and techno-economic issues

3.3 Life cycle assessment of fuel conversion routes and alternative feedstock utilisation

3.4 Conclusions and future trends

3.5 Sources of further information and advice

Part II: Solid hydrocarbon fuel processing and technology

Chapter 4: Direct liquefaction (DCL) processes and technology for coal and biomass conversion

Abstract:

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Feedstocks for direct liquefaction

4.3 Basics of coal and biomass/lignin reaction chemistry

4.4 Process variables: coal rank, solvent, catalyst, temperature, pressure and residence time in direct liquefaction (DCL)

4.5 Known process technologies

4.6 Product output and quality issues

4.7 Process control and modeling techniques

4.8 Advantages and limita

Details

No. of pages:
584
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 2011
Published:
Imprint:
Woodhead Publishing
Electronic ISBN:
9780857093783
Print ISBN:
9781845697273
Print ISBN:
9780081016763

About the editor

M. Rashid Khan

Dr M. Rashid Khan is the leader of Corporate Intellectual Assets Management in the Technology Management Division at Saudi Aramco, Saudi Arabia. He is widely regarded for his work in clean and alternative energies and carbon management. Dr Khan serves as a consultant for Intellectual Property and Business Development for a variety of fields.