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Advances in Ceramic Matrix Composites - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780857091208, 9780857098825

Advances in Ceramic Matrix Composites

1st Edition

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Editor: I M Low
Hardcover ISBN: 9780857091208
eBook ISBN: 9780857098825
Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
Published Date: 13th November 2013
Page Count: 734
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Table of Contents

    <li>Contributor contact details</li> <li>Woodhead Publishing Series in Composites Science and Engineering</li> <li>1. Advances in ceramic matrix composites: an introduction<ul><li>Abstract</li><li>1.1 The importance of ceramic matrix composites</li><li>1.2 Novel material systems</li><li>1.3 Emerging processing techniques</li></ul></li> <li>Part I: Types and processing<ul><li>2. Processing, properties and applications of ceramic matrix composites, SiC<sub>f</sub>/SiC: an overview<ul><li>Abstract</li><li>2.1 Introduction</li><li>2.2 Novel interphase materials and new fabrication methods for traditional interphase materials</li><li>2.3 Novel matrix manufacturing processes</li><li>2.4 Nano-reinforcement</li><li>2.5 Dielectric properties and microwave-absorbing applications</li><li>2.6 Conclusion and future trends</li></ul></li><li>3. Nanoceramic matrix composites: types, processing and applications<ul><li>Abstract</li><li>3.1 Introduction</li><li>3.2 Nanostructured composite materials</li><li>3.3 Bulk ceramic nanocomposites</li><li>3.4 Nanoceramic composite coatings</li><li>3.5 Conclusion</li></ul></li><li>4. Silicon carbide-containing alumina nanocomposites: processing and properties<ul><li>Abstract</li><li>4.1 Introduction: current and new manufacturing methods</li><li>4.2 Silicon carbide-containing alumina nanocomposites prepared by the hybrid technique</li><li>4.3 Optimising process parameters</li><li>4.4 Mechanical properties and wear resistance</li><li>4.5 Conclusion</li><li>4.6 Acknowledgements</li></ul></li><li>5. Advances in the manufacture of ceramic matrix composites using infiltration techniques<ul><li>Abstract</li><li>5.1 Introduction</li><li>5.2 Classification of infiltration techniques</li><li>5.3 Reinforcing fibers</li><li>5.4 Interphases</li><li>5.5 Polymer infiltration and pyrolysis (PIP)</li><li>5.6 Chemical vapor infiltration (CVI)</li><li>5.7 Reactive melt infiltration (RMI)</li><li>5.8 Slurry infiltration</li><li>5.9 Sol-gel infiltration</li><li>5.10 Combined infiltration methods</li><li>5.11 Future trends</li></ul></li><li>6. Manufacture of graded ceramic matrix composites using infiltration techniques<ul><li>Abstract</li><li>6.1 Introduction</li><li>6.2 Processing and characterisation techniques</li><li>6.3 Microstructure and physical, thermal and mechanical properties</li><li>6.4 Conclusion</li><li>6.5 Future trends</li><li>6.6 Acknowledgments</li></ul></li><li>7. Heat treatment for strengthening silicon carbide ceramic matrix composites<ul><li>Abstract</li><li>7.1 Introduction</li><li>7.2 SiC/TiB<sub>2</sub> particulate composites</li><li>7.3 Sintering SiC/TiB<sub>2</sub> composites</li><li>7.4 Fracture toughness</li><li>7.5 Fracture strength</li><li>7.6 Conclusion</li></ul></li><li>8. Developments in hot pressing (HP) and hot isostatic pressing (HIP) of ceramic matrix composites<ul><li>Abstract</li><li>8.1 Introduction</li><li>8.2 Direct hot pressing</li><li>8.3 Hot isostatic pressing</li><li>8.4 Future trends</li><li>8.5 Conclusion</li><li>8.6 Acknowledgements</li></ul></li><li>9. Hot pressing of tungsten carbide ceramic matrix composites<ul><li>Abstract</li><li>9.1 Introduction</li><li>9.2 Powder characterization</li><li>9.3 Thermal analysis and phase transformation during hot pressing of WC/Al<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub> composites</li><li>9.4 Effects of Al<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub> content on the microstructure and mechanical properties of WC/Al<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub> composites</li><li>9.5 Hot pressing of WC/40&#xA0;vol% Al<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub> composites</li><li>9.6 Future trends</li><li>9.7 Conclusion</li></ul></li><li>10. Strengthening alumina ceramic matrix nanocomposites using spark plasma sintering<ul><li>Abstract</li><li>10.1 Introduction</li><li>10.2 Synthesis of Al<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub>&#x2013;Cr<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub>/Cr<sub>3</sub>C<sub>2</sub> nanocomposites: chemical vapor deposition (CVD) and spark plasma sintering (SPS)</li><li>10.3 Analyzing the mechanical properties of ceramic nanocomposites</li><li>10.4 Processing and characterization of Al<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub>&#x2013;Cr<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub>/Cr carbide nanocomposites</li><li>10.5 Properties of Al<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub>&#x2013;Cr<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub>/Cr carbide nanocomposites</li><li>10.6 Conclusions</li><li>10.7 Acknowledgments</li></ul></li><li>11. Cold ceramics: low-temperature processing of ceramics for applications in composites<ul><li>Abstract</li><li>11.1 Introduction</li><li>11.2 Understanding the heterogeneous structure of ceramic raw materials</li><li>11.3 Ceramic products with low energy content: dense aluminous cements</li><li>11.4 Ceramic products with low energy content: textured materials</li><li>11.5 Ceramic products with low energy content: porous materials</li><li>11.6 Ceramic products with low energy content: composite materials</li><li>11.7 Conclusion</li><li>11.8 Acknowledgments</li><li>11.10 Appendix: basic concepts in rheology</li></ul></li></ul></li> <li>Part II: Properties<ul><li>12. Understanding interfaces and mechanical properties of ceramic matrix composites<ul><li>Abstract</li><li>12.1 Introduction</li><li>12.2 Interfaces in CMCs</li><li>12.3 Toughening and strengthening mechanisms in CMCs</li><li>12.4 Engineering design of interfaces for high strength and toughness</li><li>12.5 Conclusion</li><li>12.6 Acknowledgments</li></ul></li><li>13. Using finite element analysis (FEA) to understand the mechanical properties of ceramic matrix composites<ul><li>Abstract</li><li>13.1 Introduction</li><li>13.2 The use of finite element analysis (FEA) to study ceramic matrix composites (CMCs)</li><li>13.3 Conclusion</li></ul></li><li>14. Understanding the wear and tribological properties of ceramic matrix composites<ul><li>Abstract</li><li>14.1 Introduction</li><li>14.2 Friction</li><li>14.3 Lubrication</li><li>14.4 Wear</li><li>14.5 Friction and wear of ceramics</li><li>14.6 Tribological properties of ceramic matrix composites (CMCs)</li><li>14.7 Future trends</li></ul></li><li>15. Understanding and improving the thermal stability of layered ternary carbides in ceramic matrix composites<ul><li>Abstract</li><li>15.1 Introduction</li><li>15.2 High-temperature stability of Ti<sub>3</sub>SiC<sub>2</sub></li><li>15.3 High-temperature stability of Ti<sub>3</sub>AlC<sub>2</sub> and Ti<sub>2</sub>AlC</li><li>15.4 Testing the thermal stability of layered ternary carbides</li><li>15.5 High-temperature stability of particular layered ternary carbides</li><li>15.6 Conclusion</li><li>15.7 Future trends</li><li>15.8 Acknowledgments</li></ul></li><li>16. Advances in self-healing ceramic matrix composites<ul><li>Abstract</li><li>16.1 Introduction</li><li>16.2 Understanding oxidation behaviour</li><li>16.3 Understanding self-healing</li><li>16.4 Issues in processing self-healing ceramic matrix composites</li><li>16.5 The design of the interphase and matrix architectures</li><li>16.6 Assessing the properties of self-healing ceramic matrix composites</li><li>16.7 Testing the oxidation of self-healing matrix composites</li><li>16.8 Self-healing silicate coatings</li><li>16.9 Modelling self-healing</li><li>16.10 Applications</li><li>16.11 Trends in the development of self-healing composite materials</li><li>16.12 Conclusion</li></ul></li><li>17. Self-crack-healing behavior in ceramic matrix composites<ul><li>Abstract</li><li>17.1 Introduction</li><li>17.2 Material design for self-crack-healing</li><li>17.3 Influence of oxygen partial pressure on self-crack-healing</li><li>17.4 Influence of oxygen partial pressure on self-crack-healing under stress</li><li>17.5 Conclusion</li></ul></li></ul></li> <li>Part III: Applications<ul><li>18. Geopolymer (aluminosilicate) composites: synthesis, properties and applications<ul><li>Abstract</li><li>18.1 Introduction</li><li>18.2 Geopolymer matrix composite materials</li><li>18.3 Processing geopolymer composites</li><li>18.4 Properties of geopolymers and geopolymer composites</li><li>18.5 Applications</li><li>18.6 Future trends</li></ul></li><li>19. Fibre-reinforced geopolymer composites (FRGCs) for structural applications<ul><li>Abstract</li><li>19.1 Introduction</li><li>19.2 Source materials used for geopolymers</li><li>19.3 Alkaline solutions used for geopolymers</li><li>19.4 Manufacturing FRGCs</li><li>19.5 Mechanical properties of FRGCs</li><li>19.6 Durability of FRGCs</li><li>19.7 Future trends</li><li>19.8 Conclusion</li></ul></li><li>20. Ceramic matrix composites in fission and fusion energy applications<ul><li>Abstract</li><li>20.1 Introduction</li><li>20.2 Effect of radiation on ceramic matrix composites</li><li>20.3 Small specimen test technology and constitutive modelling</li><li>20.4 Fusion energy applications</li><li>20.5 Fission energy applications</li><li>20.6 Conclusion and future trends</li><li>20.7 Sources of further information and advice</li></ul></li><li>21. Ceramic matrix composite thermal barrier coatings for turbine parts<ul><li>Abstract</li><li>21.1 Introduction</li><li>21.2 Selecting materials for thermal barrier coatings (TBCs)</li><li>21.3 Materials for TBCs</li><li>21.4 Conclusion</li><li>21.5 Future trends</li></ul></li><li>22. The use of ceramic matrix composites for metal cutting applications<ul><li>Abstract</li><li>22.1 Introduction</li><li>22.2 Classification of ceramic matrix composites (CMCs) for metal cutting applications</li><li>22.3 Strengthening and toughening of ceramic tool materials</li><li>22.4 Design and fabrication of graded ceramic tools</li><li>22.5 Application of ceramic inserts in the machining of hard-to-cut materials</li><li>22.6 Future trends</li><li>22.7 Acknowledgements</li></ul></li><li>23. Cubic boron nitride-containing ceramic matrix composites for cutting tools<ul><li>Abstract</li><li>23.1 Introduction</li><li>23.2 Densification and relative density</li><li>23.3 Microstructures</li><li>23.4 Mechanical properties</li><li>23.5 Phase transformation of cBN to hBN</li><li>23.6 Conclusion and future trends</li></ul></li><li>24. Multilayer glass&#x2013;ceramic composites for microelectronics: processing and properties<ul><li>Abstract</li><li>24.1 Introduction</li><li>24.2 Testing multilayer glass&#x2013;ceramic composites</li><li>24.3 Key challenges in preparing multilayer glass&#x2013;ceramic composites</li><li>24.4 Evaluation of fabricated glass&#x2013;ceramic substrates</li><li>24.5 Conclusion</li><li>24.6 Acknowledgments</li></ul></li><li>25. Fabricating functionally graded ceramic micro-components using soft lithography<ul><li>Abstract</li><li>25.1 Introduction</li><li>25.2 Fabricating multi-layered alumina/zirconia FGMs</li><li>25.3 Properties of multi-layered alumina/zirconia FGMs</li><li>25.4 Conclusion</li></ul></li><li>26. Ceramics in restorative dentistry<ul><li>Abstract</li><li>26.1 Introduction</li><li>26.2 Development of ceramics for restorative dentistry</li><li>26.3 Dental bioceramics</li><li>26.4 Dental CAD/CAM systems</li><li>26.5 Clinical adjustments</li><li>26.6 Surface integrity and reliability of ceramic restorations</li><li>26.7 Conclusion</li><li>26.8 Acknowledgements</li></ul></li><li>27. Resin-based ceramic matrix composite materials in dentistry<ul><li>Abstract</li><li>7.1 Introduction</li></ul></li><li>28. The use of nano-boron nitride reinforcements in composites for packaging applications<ul><li>Abstract</li><li>28.1 Introduction</li><li>28.2 Preparation and characterization of chitosan/boron nitride (BN) nano-biocomposites</li><li>28.3 Properties of chitosan/BN nano-biocomposites</li><li>28.4 Conclusion</li></ul></li></ul></li> <li>Index</li>


Ceramic matrix composites (CMCs) have proven to be useful for a wide range of applications because of properties such as their light weight, toughness and temperature resistance. Advances in ceramic matrix composites summarises key advances and types of processing of CMCs.

After an introductory chapter, the first part of the book reviews types and processing of CMCs, covering processing, properties and applications. Chapters discuss nanoceramic matric composites, silicon carbide-containing alumina nanocomposites and advances in manufacture by various infiltration techniques including heat treatments and spark plasma sintering. The second part of the book is dedicated to understanding the properties of CMCs with chapters on Finite Element Analysis, tribology and wear and self-healing CMCs. The final part of the book examines the applications of CMCs, including those in the structural engineering, nuclear and fusion energy, turbine, metal cutting and microelectronics industries.

Advances in ceramic matrix composites is an essential text for researchers and engineers in the field of CMCs and industries such as aerospace and automotive engineering.

Key Features

  • Reviews types and processing of CMCs, covering processing, properties and applications


Researchers in the areas of materials science, engineering and ceramic composites science and technology and users of such materials in various sectors (research, academia and defense). The interested industry will include aerospace (engine, cutting edge, nozzle) and energy (combustion, nuclear, turbine, anything that needs high temperature oxidation resistant materials)


No. of pages:
© Woodhead Publishing 2014
13th November 2013
Woodhead Publishing
Hardcover ISBN:
eBook ISBN:


"...useful for senior undergraduate and postgraduate students as well as researchers in materials science, solid mechanics, computational materials modelling and engineering."--The Aeronautical Journal, Advances in Ceramic Matrix Composites

"Scientists and engineers from the physical sciences survey types, processing, properties, and applications of ceramic matrix composites, emphasizing recent developments. The topics include silicon carbide-containing alumina nanocomposites, developments in hot pressing, (HP) and hot isostatic pressing (HIP) of ceramic matrix composites, the low-temperature processing of ceramics for applications in composites…", February 2014

Ratings and Reviews

About the Editor

I M Low

Professor I. M. Low is the current WA Branch President and Federal Secretary of the Australian Ceramic Society. Since 2008, he has served on the Editorial Board of the Journal of the Australian Society. He is the recipient of the prestigious 1996 Joint Australasian Ceramic Society/Ceramic Society of Japan Ceramic Award for ceramics research and edited five books, along with authoring over 200 archival research papers. He also currently serves as an OzReader for the Australian Research Council to assess Laureate Fellowships and Discovery Projects proposals.

Affiliations and Expertise

Curtin University, Australia