Advances in Biomedical Engineering - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780120049028, 9781483214931

Advances in Biomedical Engineering

1st Edition

Published Under the Auspices of the Biomedical Engineering Society

Editors: J. H. U. Brown James F. Dickson
eBook ISBN: 9781483214931
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1972
Page Count: 372
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Description

Advances in Biomedical Engineering, Volume 2, is a collection of papers that discusses the basic sciences, the applied sciences of engineering, the medical sciences, and the delivery of health services. One paper discusses the models of adrenal cortical control, including the secretion and metabolism of cortisol (the controlled process), as well as the initiation and modulation of secretion of ACTH (the controller). Another paper discusses hospital computer systems—application problems, objective evaluation of technology, and multiple pathways for future hospital computer applications. The possible information paths of an orthotic or prosthetic systems using computing ability include the following components: signal sources, transducers, signal processors, output systems, feedback receptors, and local feedback. Ultrasound energy is a powerful diagnostic tool since it is nondestructive and has asertainability characteristics. The medical technician or researcher can also use gas-phase analytical instruments and analytical systems in investigative chemical methods involving microgram, nanogram or pictogram amounts of individual organic compounds. The collection is suitable for biochemists, microbiologists, bio-engineers, and investigators whose works involve biomedical engineering and physiological research.

Table of Contents


Contributors

Preface

Contents of Volume 1

Models of Adrenal Cortical Control

I. Introduction

II. The Controlled Process: Secretion and Metabolism of Cortisol

III. The Controller: Initiation and Modulation of Secretion of ACTH

References

Hospital Computer Systems—A Review of Usage and Future Requirements after a Decade of Overpromise and Underachievement

I. Introduction

II. The Crucial Applications Problem—What Features of Hospital Operation Comprise Appropriate Entries for Computer Systems Applications

III. The Inexorable Penetration of Technology in the Hospital: The Relative Developmental Status of Applications—A Qualitative Appraisal

IV. The Crucial Need for Objective Evaluation of Technology in the Hospital

V. The Larger Dimension: The Microsystem and the Macrosystem—The Patient Care Process and the Total Care System

VI. Multiple Pathways for Future Hospital Computer Applications and Major Uncertainties

VII. Disconnections between the Patient Care Process and Hospital Administration Influencing Computer Applications

VIII. A Poorly Recognized Linkage—The Relationship of the Physician's Care Decisions and the Institutional Service Delivery System

IX. The Impact of Oversimplified Conceptual Care Models—The Physician's Model and the Engineer's Model

X. Inopportune Polarization of Hospital Computer Application Developers

XI. The Pyramidal Nature of the Physician Ordering Process

XII. An Operational Example of Care Process Surveillance: The System Function and Hardware and Software Support

XIII. An Annotated Bibliography Illustrative of the Scope of Hospital Computer Research and Development That Is Health Service Oriented

XIV. A Consolidated Analysis of Care Process Computer Applications, Their Status, and Their Special Requirements

XV. Caveats and Imperatives Relevant to Hospital Computer Developments

XVI. The Final Imperative: The Expansion, Refinement, and Control of Health Care Service Systems—An Inevitable Computer-Dependent Goal

XVII. Summary

References

Development of Feedback Control Prosthetic and Orthotic Devices

I. Introduction

II. The O/P Man-Machine System

III. The Human Hand and Its Replacement

IV. The Arm and Its Replacement

V. The Elbow

VI. Northwestern University Above-Elbow Myoelectric Prosthesis

VII. The Orthopaedic Bio-Engineering Unit, Princess Margaret Rose Orthopaedic Hospital, Edinburgh

VIII. The Boston Elbow

IX. Modular Externally Powered System for Limb Prostheses

X. Lower-Extremity Prostheses

XI. Feedback in Externally Powered Orthotic Systems

XII. Contemporary Externally Powered Orthotic Systems

XIII. Functional Electrical Stimulation

References

Ultrasound as a Diagnostic Tool

I. Introduction

II. Fundamentals of Ultrasound Propagation

III. Basic Instrumentation Techniques Utilizing Ultrasonic Energy for Diagnostic Purposes

IV. Hazards of Ultrasonic Energy

V. Application of Ultrasound in Diagnostic Procedures

VI. Summary

References

Gas-Phase Analytical Methods and Instruments

I. Introduction

II. Chromatography: The Separation of Organic Compounds

III. Gas Chromatographic Methods and Instruments

References

Author Index

Subject Index

Details

No. of pages:
372
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1972
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483214931

About the Editor

J. H. U. Brown

James F. Dickson

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