Advances in Biomedical Engineering

Advances in Biomedical Engineering

Published Under the Auspices of the Biomedical Engineering Society

1st Edition - January 1, 1972

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  • Editors: J. H. U. Brown, James F. Dickson
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483214931

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Description

Advances in Biomedical Engineering, Volume 2, is a collection of papers that discusses the basic sciences, the applied sciences of engineering, the medical sciences, and the delivery of health services. One paper discusses the models of adrenal cortical control, including the secretion and metabolism of cortisol (the controlled process), as well as the initiation and modulation of secretion of ACTH (the controller). Another paper discusses hospital computer systems—application problems, objective evaluation of technology, and multiple pathways for future hospital computer applications. The possible information paths of an orthotic or prosthetic systems using computing ability include the following components: signal sources, transducers, signal processors, output systems, feedback receptors, and local feedback. Ultrasound energy is a powerful diagnostic tool since it is nondestructive and has asertainability characteristics. The medical technician or researcher can also use gas-phase analytical instruments and analytical systems in investigative chemical methods involving microgram, nanogram or pictogram amounts of individual organic compounds. The collection is suitable for biochemists, microbiologists, bio-engineers, and investigators whose works involve biomedical engineering and physiological research.

Table of Contents


  • Contributors

    Preface

    Contents of Volume 1

    Models of Adrenal Cortical Control

    I. Introduction

    II. The Controlled Process: Secretion and Metabolism of Cortisol

    III. The Controller: Initiation and Modulation of Secretion of ACTH

    References

    Hospital Computer Systems—A Review of Usage and Future Requirements after a Decade of Overpromise and Underachievement

    I. Introduction

    II. The Crucial Applications Problem—What Features of Hospital Operation Comprise Appropriate Entries for Computer Systems Applications

    III. The Inexorable Penetration of Technology in the Hospital: The Relative Developmental Status of Applications—A Qualitative Appraisal

    IV. The Crucial Need for Objective Evaluation of Technology in the Hospital

    V. The Larger Dimension: The Microsystem and the Macrosystem—The Patient Care Process and the Total Care System

    VI. Multiple Pathways for Future Hospital Computer Applications and Major Uncertainties

    VII. Disconnections between the Patient Care Process and Hospital Administration Influencing Computer Applications

    VIII. A Poorly Recognized Linkage—The Relationship of the Physician's Care Decisions and the Institutional Service Delivery System

    IX. The Impact of Oversimplified Conceptual Care Models—The Physician's Model and the Engineer's Model

    X. Inopportune Polarization of Hospital Computer Application Developers

    XI. The Pyramidal Nature of the Physician Ordering Process

    XII. An Operational Example of Care Process Surveillance: The System Function and Hardware and Software Support

    XIII. An Annotated Bibliography Illustrative of the Scope of Hospital Computer Research and Development That Is Health Service Oriented

    XIV. A Consolidated Analysis of Care Process Computer Applications, Their Status, and Their Special Requirements

    XV. Caveats and Imperatives Relevant to Hospital Computer Developments

    XVI. The Final Imperative: The Expansion, Refinement, and Control of Health Care Service Systems—An Inevitable Computer-Dependent Goal

    XVII. Summary

    References

    Development of Feedback Control Prosthetic and Orthotic Devices

    I. Introduction

    II. The O/P Man-Machine System

    III. The Human Hand and Its Replacement

    IV. The Arm and Its Replacement

    V. The Elbow

    VI. Northwestern University Above-Elbow Myoelectric Prosthesis

    VII. The Orthopaedic Bio-Engineering Unit, Princess Margaret Rose Orthopaedic Hospital, Edinburgh

    VIII. The Boston Elbow

    IX. Modular Externally Powered System for Limb Prostheses

    X. Lower-Extremity Prostheses

    XI. Feedback in Externally Powered Orthotic Systems

    XII. Contemporary Externally Powered Orthotic Systems

    XIII. Functional Electrical Stimulation

    References

    Ultrasound as a Diagnostic Tool

    I. Introduction

    II. Fundamentals of Ultrasound Propagation

    III. Basic Instrumentation Techniques Utilizing Ultrasonic Energy for Diagnostic Purposes

    IV. Hazards of Ultrasonic Energy

    V. Application of Ultrasound in Diagnostic Procedures

    VI. Summary

    References

    Gas-Phase Analytical Methods and Instruments

    I. Introduction

    II. Chromatography: The Separation of Organic Compounds

    III. Gas Chromatographic Methods and Instruments

    References

    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 372
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1972
  • Published: January 1, 1972
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483214931

About the Editors

J. H. U. Brown

James F. Dickson

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