Advances in Biological and Medical Physics - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9781483231136, 9781483281803

Advances in Biological and Medical Physics

1st Edition

Volume 7

Editors: Cornelius A. Tobias John H. Lawrence
eBook ISBN: 9781483281803
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1960
Page Count: 372
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Advances in Biological and Medical Physics, Volume VII, provides an overview of the state of knowledge in biological and medical physics. The book opens with a study on genetic and physiological effects of the decay of incorporated radioactive phosphorus in bacterial viruses and bacteria. This is followed by separate chapters on micro x-ray diffraction on biological materials; autoradiography with tritium-labeled substances; mechanisms of activity transfer between receptor cell and nerve cell in the Limulus lateral eye; and the effects of radiation on the central nervous system. Subsequent chapters deal with isotopic studies on the distribution and metabolism of plasma proteins and radiation carcinogenesis.

Table of Contents

Contributors to Volume VII

Genetic and Physiological Effects of the Decay of Incorporated Radioactive Phosphorus in Bacterial Viruses and Bacteria

I. Introduction

II. Inactivation of Bacterial Viruses

III. Cross Reactivation of Bacterial Viruses

IV. Studies on the Multiplication of Bacterial Viruses

V. Inactivation of Bacteria

VI. Synthetic Capacities of Bacteria

VII. Bacterial Conjugation and Recombination

VIII. Lysogeny

IX. Summary and Conclusion


Micro X-Ray Diffraction on Biological Materials

I. Introduction

II. General Aspects of Micro X-Ray Diffraction

IIL X-Ray Sources

IV. CoUimation and Camera Geometry

V. Specimen

VI. Recording of Micro X-Ray Diffraction Patterns

VII. Different Types of Microcameras

VIII. Biological Applications

IX. General Discussion


Autoradiography with Tritium-Labeled Substances

I. Introduction

II. Tritium—Properties and Methods for Labeling

III. Autoradiographic Methods

IV. Studies with Tritium-Labeled Compounds

V. Radiation Damage and Tritium Autoradiography

VI. Prospects for the Future


The Limulus Eye as an Information Converter: Mechanisms for the Transfer of Information from the Light Image to the Optic Nerve Discharge

I. Introduction

II. Proposed Sequence of Processes for the Transfer of Information from the Light Image into a Pattern of Optic Nerve Impulses

III. Application of the Proposed Sequence to the Limulus Lateral Eye

IV. Testing the Proposed Sequence of Activity Transfer Mechanisms in the Limulus Lateral Eye

V. Comparison with the Vertebrate Eye

VI. Recapitulation


Physiological Effects of Nuclear Radiations on the Central Nervous System

I. Introduction

II. Effects of Irradiation upon the Functions of the Cerebral Cortex

III. Effects of Radiation upon the Functions of the Brain Stem

IV. Effects of Radiation upon the Functions of the Spinal Cord

V. Effects of Radiation upon the Afferent Systems

VI. General Observations of the Effects of Ionizing Irradiation upon the Central Nervous System

VII. Effects of Irradiation during the Embryonic and Early Postnatal Life upon the Functions of the Central Nervous System

VIII. Ionizing Radiation as a Stimulus of the Central Nervous System

IX. Effects of Irradiation upon Nervous Regulation of the Vegetative Functions and Tissue Trophics

X. Effects of Radiation upon the Permeability of the Hematoencephalic Barrier and the Metabolic Processes in the Brain

XI. Conclusions

References (Additional References)

Some Isotopic Studies on the Distribution and Metabolism of Plasma Proteins

I. Introduction

II. The Plasma Protein Pool

III. Calculation of the Distribution, Total Body Pool, and Turnover of a Plasma Protein

IV. Some Studies of Plasma Protein Metabolism in Selected Pathological Conditions


Radiation Carcinogenesis

I. Introduction

II. Radiation Carcinogenesis in Man

III. Neoplasms in Experimental Animals Following Radiation

IV. Conclusions and Summary


Addendum to Chapter

Author Index

Subject Index


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© Academic Press 1960
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:

About the Editor

Cornelius A. Tobias

John H. Lawrence

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