Advances in Biological and Medical Physics - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9781483231112, 9781483281780

Advances in Biological and Medical Physics

1st Edition

Volume 5

Editors: John H. Lawrence Cornelius A. Tobias
eBook ISBN: 9781483281780
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1957
Page Count: 498
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Description

Advances in Biological and Medical Physics, Volume V, provides an overview of the state of knowledge in biological and medical physics. The book opens with a discussion of electron spin resonance and nuclear magnetic resonance and their applications to biology. This is followed by separate chapters on action spectroscopy, the genetics of somatic mammalian cells, partial-cell irradiation, electrical properties of tissue and cell suspensions, quantum effects in human vision, and television techniques in biology and medicine. Subsequent chapters deal with studies on the use of antibodies as carriers of radioactivity for therapy; studies on the fundamentals of cholesterol metabolism performed with cholesterol labeled with tritium; examples of low level counting problems which have been successfully solved; and the radioactivity of the human body.

Table of Contents


Contributors to Volume V

Nuclear and Electron Paramagnetic Resonance and Its Application to Biology

I. Introduction

II. Electron Spin Resonance

III. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance

References

Action Spectroscopy

I. Introduction

II. Experimental Techniques

III. General Theoretical Formulation

IV. Relatively Simple Molecules

V. Viruses

VI. Microorganisms

VII. Larger Scale Systems

VIII. Multicellular Systems

IX. Energy Transfer Mechanisms

X. Conclusion

References

The Genetics of Somatic Mammalian Cells

I. Introduction

II. Quantitative Growth of Single Mammalian Cells into Macroscopic Colonies

III. Applications to Problems in the Growth and Genetics of Mammalian Cells

IV. Conclusions

References

Partial-Cell Irradiation

I. Introduction

II. Special Concepts and Terminology

III. Localization Schemes

IV. Results

References

Electrical Properties of Tissue and Cell Suspensions

I. Introduction

II. Techniques of Measurement

III. Dielectric Theories Applicable to Biological Material

IV. Properties of Tissue and Cellular Suspensions in the Radio-Frequency Range (ß-Dispersion)

V. Properties at Low Frequencies (α-Dispersion)

VI. Properties of Protein Molecules

VII. Properties at Ultrahigh Frequencies

VIII. Electrical Properties of Bacteria

IX. Concluding Remarks

References

Quantum Effects in Human Vision

I. Introduction

II. Quantum Limitations to Vision

III. Quantum Efficiency of the Eye

IV. Some Problems of Vision

V. Some Problems for Future Research

VI. Vision and Evolution

References

Television Techniques in Biology and Medicine

I. Introduction

II. Broadcast Television and Closed-Circuit Television

III. Television as Aid to Instruction

IV. Television as Aid to Research

V. Television in Medical Practice

VI. Summary and Prospect

References

Studies Directed Toward the Use of Antibodies as Carriers of Radioactivity for Therapy

I. Introduction

II. Possible Methods of Achieving Localization

III. The Labeling of Antibodies

IV. Production of Antibodies with Substantial Organ and Tissue Specificity

V. Studies of Labeled Antibodies against Rat and Mouse Organs, Tissues, and Tumors

VI. Specificity of Localization Necessary for Human Therapy

References

Studies on Exogenous Cholesterol Metabolism in Human Atherosclerosis with the Aid of Isotopes

I. Introduction

II. Experimental Methods

III. Human Studies—An Apparent Metabolic Defect in Exogenous Cholesterol Metabolism in Atherosclerosis

IV. Animal Studies—The Hepatic Uptake of Chyle Cholesterol

V. Integration of Human and Animal Studies

VI. Inhibition of Dietary Cholesterol Absorption with Sitosterol

References

The Development and Applications of Low Level Counting

I. Introduction

II. Natural Radiocarbon

III. Natural Tritium

IV. Fission Products

V. Conclusions

References

Radioactivity of the Human Body

I. Introduction

II. Techniques of Measurement

III. Radioactivity of Body Tissues

IV. Dosage to Body Tissues from Natural Radioactivity

References

Author Index

Subject Index

Details

No. of pages:
498
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1957
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483281780

About the Editor

John H. Lawrence

Cornelius A. Tobias