Advances in Biological and Medical Physics

Advances in Biological and Medical Physics

Volume 4

1st Edition - January 1, 1956

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  • Editors: John H. Lawrence, Cornelius A. Tobias
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483281773

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Advances in Biological and Medical Physics, Volume IV, provides an overview of the state of knowledge in biological and medical physics. The book contains eight chapters and opens with a discussion of the application of X-ray diffraction to crystalline proteins. This is followed by separate chapters on the relationship between the chemical information which can be stored in the nucleic acid molecule and the sequence of amino acids found in polypeptides and proteins; materials for the biophysical and biochemical study of cell division; and the action of high and low temperatures in the destruction of unicellular organisms. Subsequent chapters deal with infrared spectrometry; the kinetics of iron metabolism; the gross composition of the body; and an argument for a theory of aging, which states that the tendency toward further disease experience is at a metabolic rate determined by accumulated disease experience of the past.

Table of Contents

  • Contributors to Volume IV


    X-ray Diffraction Applied to Crystalline Proteins

    I. Introduction

    II. Crystals

    III. X-ray Diffraction by a Crystal

    IV. Symmetry of Crystal Lattices

    V. Determination of Molecular Weights

    VI. The Solvent Content of Protein Crystals

    VII. The Densities of Protein Crystals

    VIII. The Intensities of the Bragg Reflections

    IX. The Patterson Function

    X. Patterson Functions of Proteins

    XI. The Electron Density of a Crystal

    XII. Results

    XIII. Theories of Protein Structure


    The Problem of Information Transfer from the Nucleic Acids to Proteins

    I. Introduction

    II. The Relation of the Nucleic Acids to Protein Synthesis

    III. Empirical Evidence

    IV. Nucleic Acid-Protein Coding Schemes

    V. Various Statistical Considerations

    VI. Conclusions


    Materials for the Biophysical and Biochemical Study of Cell Division

    I. The Problem of Cell Division—Introduction

    II. Patterns of Cell Division

    III. Problems of the Stimulation of Mitosis

    IV. The Preparation for Mitosis

    V. Biochemistry and Biophysics of Mitosis

    VI. Cytokinesis: Division of the Cell Body

    VII. The Interpretation of Experiments with Antimitotic Agents


    Lethal Effects of High and Low Temperatures on Unicellular Organisms

    I. Introduction

    II. Heat Inactivation

    III. Cold Inactivation

    IV. Conclusions and Desirable Extensions of Existing Work


    Infrared Spectrometry

    I. Introduction

    II. Interpretation of Infrared Spectra

    III. Instrumentation

    IV. Infrared Microspectrometry

    V. Experimental Techniques

    VI. Applications in Biological Chemistry

    VII. Conclusion


    Kinetics of Iron Metabolism

    The Gross Composition of the Body

    I. Introduction

    II. Body Water

    III. Measurement of Total Body Water

    IV. Measurement of Extracellular Fluid

    V. Fat

    VI. Measurement of Fat

    VII. Protein and Mineral


    A Special Consideration of the Aging Process, Disease, and Life Expectancy

    I. Life Span and Age-Specific Death Rate

    II. Internal Homogeneity of Populations with Regard to Subpopulations, Physiologic Age, and Tendency Toward Disease

    III. Major Disease Groups

    IV. The Onset of Disease and Life Expectancy

    V. Summary


    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 366
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1956
  • Published: January 1, 1956
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483281773

About the Editors

John H. Lawrence

Cornelius A. Tobias

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