Advances in Biological and Medical Physics

Advances in Biological and Medical Physics

Volume 3

1st Edition - January 1, 1953

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  • Editors: John H. Lawrence, C. A. Tobias
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483224299

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Description

Advances in Biological and Medical Physics, Volume III is a collection of papers dealing with the applications of radioactive isotopes, particularly, with the dosimetry of artificial radioactive isotopes, and the kinetics of the turnover of radioactive substances. One paper explains dosimetry in medicine as regards (1) units and absolute dosage rates, and (2) the distribution of radiation in a scattering medium such as the human body. The investigator can use tracers to make individual observations of the behavior of specific molecules in steady state systems. This feature of tracer applications leads to analysis of biological reaction kinetics. Some papers discuss the mechanisms involved in the antigen-antibody reactions, molecular analysis using fast charged particles, x-ray microscopy, ultraviolet microscopy, microspectroscopy, as well as the biological effects of ultrasonic waves. Ultrasonic waves can affect biological material through heat action, mechanical action, or chemical action. One paper suggests that cell disintegration is due to the mechanical effect provoked by cavitation and that cells are probably broken down by the sharp-fronted shock wave resulting from the collapse of cavitation bubbles. The collection can prove beneficial for biochemists, micro-biologists, bio-physicists, cellular researchers, and academicians involved in the study of cellular biology.

Table of Contents


  • Contributors to Volume III

    Foreword

    The Dosimetry of Artificial Radioactive Isotopes

    I. Introduction

    II. Absolute Energy Units

    III. Dosage Rates Due to Radioactive Sources Emitting Gamma Radiation

    IV. Geometrical Distribution of Gamma Radiation

    V. Dosimetry of Beta Rays

    VI. Integral Dose

    VII. Dosimetry in Clinical Practice

    VIII. Dosimetry in Selected Clinical Techniques

    IX. Dosimetry in Diagnostic Techniques

    References

    The Kinetics of Biological Processes Special Problems Connected with the Use of Tracers

    Antibodies as Specific Chemical Reagents

    I. Introduction

    II. The Antibody Molecule

    III. The Production of Antibodies

    IV. Specific Reactions of Antibodies

    V. Sensitivity of Immune Reactions

    VI. Limiting Valence of Antigens in Precipitation and Complement Fixation Reactions

    VII. The Nature of the Antibody Site

    VIII. Specificity of Antihapten Antibodies

    IX. The Use of Antibody in Determining the Structure of Substances in Aqueous Solution

    X. Labeled Antibodies

    Addendum

    References

    Primary Ionization as a Test of Molecular Organization

    I. Introduction

    II. Nature of Energy Release by a Fast Charged Particle

    III. Technique of Bombardment

    IV. Results of Bombardment by Deuterons and Electrons

    V. Random Bombardment

    VI. Cross Section Compared with Molecular Size

    VII. Applications of Deuteron and Electron Bombardment to Relatively Simple Systems

    VIII. Dose Conversion Factors

    IX. Application to Some Less Simple Cases

    X. Mechanism of Action of Primary Ionization

    XI. Some Further Applications

    XII. Discussion of the Method

    XIII. Summary

    References

    Biological Actions of Ultrasonic Waves

    I. Introduction

    II. Effects of Ultrasonic Waves on Living Matter

    III. Mechanism of the Action of Ultrasonic Waves

    References

    Approaches to X-Ray Microscopy

    I. Introduction

    II. Types of X-Ray Microscopy

    III. X-Ray Optics

    IV. The Compound X-Ray Microscope

    V. The Scanning X-Ray Microscope

    References

    Ultraviolet Microscopy and Ultraviolet Microspectroscopy

    I. Introduction

    II. Purpose of Ultraviolet Microscopy

    III. Instrumentation

    IV. Results

    V. Sources of Errors

    VI. The Future

    VII. Conclusion

    References

    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 378
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1953
  • Published: January 1, 1953
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483224299

About the Editors

John H. Lawrence

C. A. Tobias

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