Advances in Biological and Medical Physics

Advances in Biological and Medical Physics

Volume 16

1st Edition - January 1, 1977

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  • Editors: John H. Lawrence, John W. Gofman, Thomas L. Hayes
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483215006

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Advances in Biological and Medical Physics, Volume 16 covers articles about advances in biological and medical physics. The book presents articles about studies on spontaneous bioelectric activity of nerve cells in cultures and on means and methods for processing of physiological signals with emphasis on EEG analysis. The text also includes articles on dissipative structures and biological order; on spatial and temporal organization in the Zhabotinsky reaction; as well as on chemical topology and reaction dynamics. The perspectives on thermodynamics and the origin of life; pattern formation in a model for cooperative membrane carrier transport; as well as an enzyme membrane oscillator are also considered. The book further describes articles about synthetic membranes and living cells, membrane structure and passive flows, and energetics of active transport. The text then discusses the isolation and characterization of different molecular forms of acetylcholinesterase and the relationship of the enzyme to the membrane; as well as the chemical control of bioelectric currents. The traditional conflict between physics and metaphysics; human and scientific concepts of time; the relation of the sciences to human and religious values; and moiré patterns in science and art are also encompassed. The book concludes by providing summary remarks and personal recollections of Aharon Katchalsky and a description of Aharon Katzir as a scientist and humanist. Biological and medical physicists will find the book invaluable.

Table of Contents

  • Contributors to Volume 16

    Nerve Cells in Culture: Studies on Spontaneous Bioelectric Activity

    I. Introduction

    II. Nerve Tissue Culture

    III. Electrophysiological Studies

    IV. Summary


    Means and Methods for Processing of Physiological Signals with Emphasis on EEG Analysis

    I. Introduction

    II. Generalities

    III. The EEG Signal as an Example

    IV. Time and Frequency Properties, Nonparametric Methods

    V. Time and Frequency Properties, Parametric Methods

    VI. Conclusions


    University of California, Berkeley Aharon Katchalsky Memorial Symposium, March 21-24,1973



    Part 1. Thermodynamics and Life

    Dissipative Structures and Biological Order

    I. Introduction

    II. Model Dissipative Systems

    III. Stochastic and Deterministic Aspects of Evolution

    IV. Biological Illustrations

    V. Concluding Remarks


    Spatial and Temporal Organization in the Zhabotinsky Reaction

    I. Introduction

    II. Observations and Interpretation

    III. Experimental Tests

    IV. Beginnings of a Mathematical Description

    V. Possible Applications in Biology


    Chemical Topology and Reaction Dynamics

    I. Introduction

    II. Reaction Dynamics—Structure

    III. Vectors

    IV. Constitutive Relations

    V. Shortcomings of the State Space Approach

    Perspectives on Thermodynamics and the Origin of Life



    Part 2. Membranes and Thermodynamics

    Pattern Formation in a Model for Cooperative Membrane Carrier Transport

    I. Introduction

    II. The Model

    III. Multiple Steady States

    IV. Spatial Patterns on the Membrane Surface

    V. Discussion



    An Enzyme Membrane Oscillator

    I. Introduction

    II. Theoretical

    III. Experimental

    IV. Discussion


    Synthetic Membranes and Living Cells



    Membrane Structure and Passive Flows

    I. Introduction

    II. Geometry

    III. Mathematical Model

    IV. Results and Discussion


    Energetics of Active Transport



    Acetylcholinesterase: Structure and Activity of Membrane-Bound Enzyme

    I. Introduction

    II. Enzymic Activity of Membrane-Bound Acetylcholinesterase

    III. Purification of Molecular Forms of Acetylcholinesterase

    IV. Relationship of Acetylcholinesterase to the Membrane


    Chemical Control of Bioelectric Currents



    Part 3. Scientific Ideas and Human Progress

    Physics and Metaphysics

    I. Introduction

    II. Levels of Description

    III. Irreversibility as Symmetry Breaking

    IV. Structure and Thermodynamics

    V. Dissipative Structures in Biology

    VI. Time and the Levels of Description

    VII. Relations between the Levels of Description

    VIII. Conclusions


    Human and Scientific Concepts of Time

    I. Introduction

    II. The Directionality of Time

    III. The Role of the Nervous System

    IV. The Past and the Future

    V. Passive Dissipative Structures

    VI. Effect of Intelligence on Dissipative Structures


    Some Thoughts on the Physics and Biology of Time


    The Emergence of Measurable Time

    The Quantization of Time in Months and in Years

    Ancient History of Time Concepts

    The Road toward Immortality

    Cyclic Time and Metamorphosis

    Historical Time and Progressive Evaluation

    Collapse of the Medieval World

    The Evolutionary Revolution

    The Darwinian Revolution

    The Evolution of Matter and Entropy

    On the Nature of Time

    Thermodynamics and Time

    The Statistical Interpretation

    The Relation of the Sciences to Human and Religious Values



    Moiré Patterns in Science and Art



    Art and Science in Imaging


    Part 4. Aharon Katchalsky the Person

    Summary Remarks and Personal Recollections

    I. Aharon Katchalsky and Life Science

    II. Social Implication of Science

    III. Interdisciplinary Communication

    IV. Intellectual Gifts and Personality

    Aharon Katzir as Scientist and Humanist



    Subject Index

    Contents of Previous Volumes

Product details

  • No. of pages: 396
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1977
  • Published: January 1, 1977
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483215006

About the Editors

John H. Lawrence

John W. Gofman

Thomas L. Hayes

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