Advances in Bio-Based Fiber

Advances in Bio-Based Fiber

Moving Towards a Green Society

1st Edition - December 1, 2021

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  • Editors: Sanjay Mavinkere Rangappa, Madhu Puttegowda, Jyotishkumar Parameswaranpillai, Suchart Siengchin, Sergey Gorbatyuk
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128245439
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128245446

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Description

Advances in Bio-Based Fibres: Moving Towards a Green Society describes many novel natural fibers, their specific synthesis and characterization methods, their environmental sustainability values, their compatibility with polymer composites, and a wide range of innovative commercial engineering applications.  As bio-based fiber polymer composites possess excellent mechanical, electrical and thermal properties, along with highly sustainable properties, they are an important technology for manufacturers and materials scientists seeking to improve the sustainability of their industries. This cutting-edge book draws on the latest industry practice and academic research to provide advice on technologies with applications in industries, including packaging, automotive, aerospace, biomedical and structural engineering.

Key Features

  • Provides technical data on advanced material properties, including electrical and rheological
  • Gives a comprehensive guide to appraising and applying this technology to improve sustainability, including lifecycle assessment and recyclability
  • Includes advice on the latest modeling techniques for designing with these materials

Readership

Students, engineers, and researchers with an interest in sustainable textiles, biopolymer composites, biomaterials, and biofibers

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • List of contributors
  • Preface
  • 1. Introduction to bio-based fibers and their composites
  • Abstract
  • 1.1 Introduction
  • 1.2 Cellulose/hemicellulose fibers
  • 1.3 Protein fibers
  • 1.4 Bio composites
  • 1.5 Applications
  • 1.6 Conclusion
  • References
  • 2. Synthesis and surface treatments of bio-based fibers
  • Abstract
  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Extraction of bio-based fibers
  • 2.3 Chemical modification of bio-based fibers
  • 2.4 Conclusion
  • References
  • 3. Properties of bio-based fibers
  • Abstract
  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Type of bio-based fibers
  • 3.3 Properties of bio-based fibers
  • 3.4 Application of bio-based fiber reinforced composites
  • 3.5 Challenges/issues
  • 3.6 Conclusions
  • References
  • 4. Preparation methods of biofiber-based polymer composites
  • Abstract
  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Layup
  • 4.3 Layer-by-layer
  • 4.4 Compression molding
  • 4.5 Injection molding
  • 4.6 Extrusion molding
  • 4.7 Resin transfer molding
  • 4.8 Spinning
  • 4.9 Melt mix
  • 4.10 3D printing
  • 4.11 Inkjet printing
  • 4.12 Vacuum bagging
  • 4.13 Vacuum infusion
  • 4.14 Roll-to-roll
  • 4.15 Solvent casting
  • 4.16 In situ polymerization
  • 4.17 One pot directed synthesis
  • 4.18 Freeze-drying
  • 4.19 Micropatterned
  • 4.20 Sol–gel techniques
  • References
  • 5. Static mechanical properties of bio-fiber-based polymer composites
  • Abstract
  • List of abbreviations
  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Bio-fiber reinforced polymers
  • 5.3 Static mechanical properties
  • 5.4 Improvement techniques
  • 5.5 Conclusions
  • Acknowledgment
  • References
  • 6. Thermal properties of biofiber-based polymer composites
  • Abstract
  • 6.1 Introduction
  • 6.2 Thermal stability of biofibers
  • 6.3 Thermal stability of thermoset polymer composites
  • 6.4 Thermal stability of thermoplastic polymer composites
  • 6.5 Thermal stability of biopolymer composites
  • 6.6 Conclusion
  • References
  • 7. Dielectric properties of biofiber-based polymer composites
  • Abstract
  • 7.1 Introduction
  • 7.2 Dielectrics
  • 7.3 Biodegradable biocomposites
  • 7.4 Literature review
  • 7.5 Summary and future perspective
  • Notes
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Further reading
  • 8. Tribological properties of biofiber-based polymer composites
  • Abstract
  • 8.1 Introduction
  • 8.2 Tribological analysis of biofiber-based polymer composites
  • 8.3 Tribometers
  • 8.4 Frictional analysis of biofiber-based polymer composites
  • 8.5 Wear analysis of bio fiber based polymer composites
  • 8.6 Tribological properties
  • 8.7 Effect of temperature on bio fiber-based polymer composites during tribological analysis
  • 8.8 Conclusion
  • References
  • 9. Advances and applications of biofiber-based polymer composites
  • Abstract
  • 9.1 Introduction
  • 9.2 Characteristics of biofiber for polymer composites
  • 9.3 Characteristics of polymer for biofiber-based polymer composites
  • 9.4 Manufacturing techniques of biofiber-based polymer composites
  • 9.5 Techniques used for performance evaluation
  • 9.6 Application of biofiber-based polymer composites
  • 9.7 Conclusion
  • References
  • 10. Optimization of parametric study on drilling characteristics of sheep wool reinforced composites
  • Abstract
  • 10.1 Introduction
  • 10.2 Experimental details
  • 10.3 Result and discussions
  • 10.4 Conclusion
  • References
  • 11. Investigating the tribological behavior of biofiber-based polymer composites and scope of computational tools
  • Abstract
  • 11.1 Introduction
  • 11.2 Computational methods used
  • 11.3 Computational methods used
  • 11.4 Conclusion
  • References
  • 12. Properties of filler added biofiber-based polymer composite
  • Abstract
  • 12.1 Introduction
  • 12.2 Fabrication methodologies
  • 12.3 Hand layup method
  • 12.4 Compression molding
  • 12.5 Extrusion molding
  • 12.6 Properties of filler added biofiber composites
  • 12.7 Conclusion
  • References
  • 13. Advances and applications of biofiber polymer composites in regenerative medicine
  • Abstract
  • 13.1 Introduction
  • 13.2 Fabrication of biofibers
  • 13.3 Electrospinning
  • 13.4 Liver tissue engineering
  • 13.5 Biofibers for two-dimensional hepatic tissue engineering
  • 13.6 Biofibers for 3D hepatic tissue engineering
  • 13.7 Cardiac tissue engineering
  • 13.8 Vascular tissue engineering
  • 13.9 Skin tissue engineering
  • 13.10 Bone tissue engineering
  • 13.11 Biofibers in drug delivery
  • 13.12 Polymeric biofibers used in drug delivery
  • 13.13 Conclusion
  • 13.14 Future perspectives
  • 13.15 Acknowledgment
  • References
  • 14. Keratin-based biofibers and their composites
  • Abstract
  • 14.1 Introduction
  • 14.2 Extraction methods of keratin fibers
  • 14.3 Manufacturing of keratin-based biocomposites
  • 14.4 Properties of keratin-based biocomposites
  • 14.5 Applications of keratin-based composites
  • 14.6 Conclusion
  • References
  • 15. Biofiber composites in building and construction
  • Abstract
  • 15.1 Introduction
  • 15.2 Types of biofibers in construction
  • 15.3 Applications of biofiber composites in construction
  • 15.4 Conclusion and future outlook
  • References
  • 16. Evaluating biofibers’ properties and products by NIR spectroscopy
  • Abstract
  • 16.1 Introduction
  • 16.2 Near infrared spectroscopy
  • 16.3 Applications of NIR spectroscopy in wood
  • 16.4 Challenges of applying NIR technology in forest-based industries
  • References
  • 17. Impact strength retention and service life prediction of 0 degree laminate jute fiber woven mat reinforced epoxy composites
  • Abstract
  • 17.1 Introduction
  • 17.2 Methodology of the present research work
  • 17.3 Materials
  • 17.4 Preparation of composites
  • 17.5 Artificial aging of composites
  • 17.6 Impact properties
  • 17.7 Scanning electronic microscopy
  • 17.8 Results and discussion
  • 17.9 Conclusion
  • Reference
  • 18. Acoustic and mechanical properties of biofibers and their composites
  • Abstract
  • 18.1 Introduction
  • 18.2 Acoustic properties
  • 18.3 Mechanical properties
  • 18.4 Parameters affecting the acoustic and mechanical properties of biomaterials
  • 18.5 Current applications and potential usage areas of natural fibers
  • 18.6 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • 19. Identification of the elastic and damping properties of jute and luffa fiber-reinforced biocomposites
  • Abstract
  • 19.1 Introduction
  • 19.2 Materials and methods
  • 19.3 Results and discussion
  • 19.4 Conclusions
  • Acknowledgment
  • References
  • 20. Tribological characterization of biofiber-reinforced brake friction composites
  • Abstract
  • 20.1 Introduction
  • 20.2 Materials and methods
  • 20.3 Results and discussions
  • 20.4 Conclusions
  • References
  • 21. Investigation of the mechanical properties of treated and untreated Vachellia farnesiana fiber based epoxy composites
  • Abstract
  • 21.1 Introduction
  • 21.2 Materials and methods
  • 21.3 Results and discussions
  • 21.4 Conclusions
  • References
  • 22. Study on the degradation behavior of natural fillers based PLA composites
  • Abstract
  • 22.1 Introduction
  • 22.2 Biopolymer
  • 22.3 Fabrication of composites
  • 22.4 Degradation mechanism of composites
  • 22.5 Results and discussions
  • 22.6 Conclusions
  • References
  • 23. Fabrication technology of biofiber based biocomposites
  • Abstract
  • 23.1 Introduction
  • 23.2 Scale in the hierarchical path to behavior and function in nanocellulose
  • 23.3 The basics: cellulose architecture and underlying stability
  • 23.4 Intrinsic behavior of biomaterials: a path to understanding material topological properties in biocomposites
  • 23.5 Methods for probing bond-type contributions in adhesion and their correlation to key states of matter in surface energetics
  • 23.6 Fabrication of biocomposites—surface considerations
  • 23.7 Approaches to fabrication of biocomposites
  • 23.8 Concluding comments
  • References
  • 24. Rheological properties of biofibers in cementitious composite matrix
  • Abstract
  • 24.1 Introduction
  • 24.2 Experimental part
  • 24.3 Conclusions
  • References
  • 25. Advances and applications of biofiber-based polymer composites
  • Abstract
  • 25.1 Introduction
  • 25.2 Classification based on industry sector
  • 25.3 The green industry
  • 25.4 Advancement in pretreatment/modification of bio-composite
  • 25.5 New advances in numerical analysis of bio-composites
  • 25.6 Manufacturing of bio composites
  • References
  • 26. Future scope of biofiber-based polymer composites
  • Abstract
  • 26.1 Introduction
  • 26.2 Scope of biofiber-based polymer composites in various applications
  • 26.3 Conclusion
  • References
  • 27. Engineering applications of biofibers
  • Abstract
  • 27.1 Introduction
  • 27.2 Plant-based biofibers
  • 27.3 Structure of biofibers
  • 27.4 Chemical constituents of plant-based biofibers
  • 27.5 Physical and mechanical properties of biofibers
  • 27.6 Advantages and disadvantages of biofibers
  • 27.7 Modifications of biofibers
  • 27.8 Applications of biofibers
  • 27.9 Recent studies of biofibers
  • 27.10 Future scope of biofibers
  • 27.11 Conclusion
  • References
  • 28. Performance of cementitious composites incorporating coconut fibers as reinforcement
  • Abstract
  • 28.1 Introduction
  • 28.2 Coconut fibers
  • 28.3 Properties of cementitious composites reinforced with coconut fibers
  • 28.4 Conclusions
  • References
  • 29. The effect of modified natural fibers on the mechanical properties of cementitious composites
  • Abstract
  • 29.1 Introduction
  • 29.2 Fiber modifications
  • 29.3 Conclusions
  • References
  • 30. Challenges and solutions for the use of natural fibers in cementitious composites
  • Abstract
  • 30.1 Introduction
  • 30.2 Challenges and solutions for the use of natural fibers in cementitious composites
  • 30.3 Conclusions
  • References
  • 31. Biofibers of papaya tree bast: a statistical study of the mechanical properties for use potential in polymeric composites
  • Abstract
  • 31.1 Introduction
  • 31.2 Materials and methods
  • 31.3 Results and discussions
  • 31.4 Conclusions
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • 32. Coir fiber as reinforcement in cement-based materials
  • Abstract
  • 32.1 Introduction
  • 32.2 The Cocos nucifera: a worldwide spread and multiple-use species
  • 32.3 The coir fibers in the coconut fruit and potential applications
  • 32.4 The features of the coir fibers
  • 32.5 Pretreatments of the coir fibers for compatibility improvement
  • 32.6 Production of cement-based composites reinforced with the coconut coir fibers
  • 32.7 Conclusion
  • References
  • 33. Environmental impact analysis of plant fibers and their composites relative to their synthetic counterparts based on life cycle assessment approach
  • Abstract
  • 33.1 Introduction
  • 33.2 The ecological impacts of synthetic reinforcements
  • 33.3 The ecological impacts of natural reinforcements
  • 33.4 The industrial applications of plant fiber composites and their impacts on the environment
  • 33.5 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgment
  • References
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 834
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2021
  • Published: December 1, 2021
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128245439
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128245446

About the Editors

Sanjay Mavinkere Rangappa

Dr. Sanjay Mavinkere Rangappa is a Senior Research Scientist at King Mongkut's University of Technology North Bangkok, Thailand. He has published more than 180 articles in high-quality international peer-reviewed journals. His current research areas include Natural fiber composites, Polymer Composites, and Advanced Material Technology. He has received a ‘Top Peer Reviewer 2019’ award, Global Peer Review Awards, Powered by Publons, Web of Science Group. The KMUTNB selected him for the ‘Outstanding Young Researcher’ Award 2020. He is among Stanford University’s list of the world’s Top 2% of the Most-Cited Scientists in Single Year Citation Impact 2019 and also for the year 2020. He is a Life Member of Indian Society for Technical Education (ISTE) and an Associate Member of Institute of Engineers (India).

Affiliations and Expertise

Senior Research Scientist, King Mongkut's University of Technology North Bangkok, Thailand

Madhu Puttegowda

Dr. Madhu Puttegowda is currently working as an assistant professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering, at Malnad College of Engineering, Hassan, Karnataka, India. He received his B.E (Mechanical Engineering) from Visvesvaraya Technological University, Belagavi, India in 2011, and then went on to achieve his MTech in Product Design and Manufacturing and Ph.D. (Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Science) from Visvesvaraya Technological University in 2020. His current research areas include natural fiber composites, polymer composites and advanced material technology.

Affiliations and Expertise

Assistant Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Malnad College of Engineering, Hassan, Karnataka, India

Jyotishkumar Parameswaranpillai

Jyotishkumar Parameswaranpillai received his PhD in Polymer Science and Technology (Chemistry) from Mahatma Gandhi University, Kerala, India. He has published more than 100 papers, in high quality international peer reviewed journals on polymer nanocomposites, polymer blends, and biopolymers, and has edited 10 books. He has received numerous awards and recognitions including prestigious KMUTNB best researcher award 2019, Kerala State Award for the Best Young Scientist 2016 and INSPIRE Faculty Award 2011.

Affiliations and Expertise

Associate Professor, Department of Science, Faculty of Science and Technology, Alliance University, Karnataka, India

Suchart Siengchin

Prof. Dr.-Ing. habil. Suchart Siengchin is President of King Mongkut's University of Technology North Bangkok (KMUTNB), Thailand. He received his Dipl.-Ing. in Mechanical Engineering from University of Applied Sciences Giessen/Friedberg, Hessen, Germany, M.Sc. in Polymer Technology from University of Applied Sciences Aalen, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany, M.Sc. in Material Science at the Erlangen-Nürnberg University, Bayern, Germany, Doctor of Philosophy in Engineering (Dr.-Ing.) from Institute for Composite Materials, University of Kaiserslautern, Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany and Postdoctoral Research from Kaiserslautern University and School of Materials Engineering, Purdue University, USA. He worked as a Lecturer for Production and Material Engineering Department at The Sirindhorn International Thai-German Graduate School of Engineering (TGGS), KMUTNB. He has been full Professor at KMUTNB and became the President of KMUTNB. He won the Outstanding Researcher Award in 2010, 2012 and 2013 at KMUTNB. He is an author of more than 150 peer reviewed journal articles.

Affiliations and Expertise

President, King Mongkut's University of Technology, North Bangkok (KMUTNB), Thailand

Sergey Gorbatyuk

Sergey Gorbatyuk is professor of metallurgical equipment at the National University of Science and Technology MISIS, Moscow, Russia. He conducts research in manufacturing engineering, materials engineering and mechanical engineering. He is the author of more than 160 scientific articles, 6 monographs, 19 copyright certificates, 4 patents for inventions, 7 patents for utility models, and 2 certificates of registration for computer programs. He is also a member of the editorial boards and a reviewer of the scientific journals 'Metallurgist' and 'Ferrous Metallurgy'.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Department of Engineering of Technological Equipment in National University of Science and Technology MISIS, Moscow, Russia

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