Advances in Astronomy and Astrophysics

Advances in Astronomy and Astrophysics

1st Edition - January 1, 1966

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  • Editor: Zdeněk Kopal
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483224251

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Advances in Astronomy and Astrophysics, Volume 4 brings together numerous research works on different aspects of astronomy and astrophysics. This volume is composed of five chapters, and starts with a description of objective prism and its application in space observations. The next chapter deals with the possibilities of deriving reliable models of the figure, density distribution, and gravity field of the Moon based on data obtained through Earth-bound telescopes. These topics are followed by a discussion on the ideal partially relativistic, partially degenerate gas in an exact manner. A chapter examines first the effect of exchange of matter on the periods of close binary systems, and then briefly surveys the mechanisms of mass loss, other causes of period changes, and related evolutionary problems. The last chapter looks into the cometary origin of meteorites. This book will prove useful to astronomers and astrophysicists.

Table of Contents

  • Contributors to Volume 4

    Contents of Previous Volumes

    Objective Prisms and Measurement of Radial Velocities

    I. Generalities on Objective Prisms

    II. Classic Objective Prisms

    III. Luminosity of Objective Prisms

    IV. Optical Combinations of Objective Prisms

    V. Measurement of Radial Velocities with Objective Prisms

    VI. Reversal Method with Normal-Field Prism

    VII. Results and Programs

    List of Symbols


    The Figure and Gravity Field of the Moon

    I. Introduction

    II. Geometric Properties

    III. Dynamic Properties

    IV. Conclusion

    List of Symbols

    Appendix I. Marginal Zone of the Moon

    Appendix II. Analysis of the Elevation Data of the Aeronautical Chart and Information Center (ACIC)


    The Relativistic Degenerate Gas

    I. Introduction

    II. The Equation of State

    III. Thermodynamic Relations

    IV. Fluid Dynamic Relations

    V. Mixtures of Gases: Electrons and Ions

    VI. Conclusions and Comments

    Appendix. Tables of the Qn+ Functions


    Exchange of Matter and Period Changes in Close Binary Systems

    I. Introduction

    II. Possible Mechanisms of Mass Loss

    III. General Equations

    IV. Direct Applications of the General Expressions for Variations of Orbital Elements

    V. Other Causes of Period Changes

    VI. General Considerations


    The Stray Bodies in the Solar System Part II. The Cometary Origin of Meteorites

    I. Introduction

    II. Asteroidal Origin

    III. Lifetimes of Stray Bodies in Close Encounters with the Planets

    IV. Orbital Characteristics in Random Close Encounters

    V. Increase of the Encounter Velocity through Equipartition

    VI. Arnold's Improved Monte Carlo Experiments

    VII. Comparison with Actual Orbits of Stray Bodies

    VIII. Lunar Origin

    IX. Cometary Origin


    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 358
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1966
  • Published: January 1, 1966
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483224251

About the Editor

Zdeněk Kopal

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