Advances in Astronomy and Astrophysics - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9781483199221, 9781483224251

Advances in Astronomy and Astrophysics, Volume 4

1st Edition

Editors: Zdeněk Kopal
eBook ISBN: 9781483224251
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1966
Page Count: 358
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Table of Contents

Contributors to Volume 4

Contents of Previous Volumes

Objective Prisms and Measurement of Radial Velocities

I. Generalities on Objective Prisms

II. Classic Objective Prisms

III. Luminosity of Objective Prisms

IV. Optical Combinations of Objective Prisms

V. Measurement of Radial Velocities with Objective Prisms

VI. Reversal Method with Normal-Field Prism

VII. Results and Programs

List of Symbols


The Figure and Gravity Field of the Moon

I. Introduction

II. Geometric Properties

III. Dynamic Properties

IV. Conclusion

List of Symbols

Appendix I. Marginal Zone of the Moon

Appendix II. Analysis of the Elevation Data of the Aeronautical Chart and Information Center (ACIC)


The Relativistic Degenerate Gas

I. Introduction

II. The Equation of State

III. Thermodynamic Relations

IV. Fluid Dynamic Relations

V. Mixtures of Gases: Electrons and Ions

VI. Conclusions and Comments

Appendix. Tables of the Qn+ Functions


Exchange of Matter and Period Changes in Close Binary Systems

I. Introduction

II. Possible Mechanisms of Mass Loss

III. General Equations

IV. Direct Applications of the General Expressions for Variations of Orbital Elements

V. Other Causes of Period Changes

VI. General Considerations


The Stray Bodies in the Solar System Part II. The Cometary Origin of Meteorites

I. Introduction

II. Asteroidal Origin

III. Lifetimes of Stray Bodies in Close Encounters with the Planets

IV. Orbital Characteristics in Random Close Encounters

V. Increase of the Encounter Velocity through Equipartition

VI. Arnold's Improved Monte Carlo Experiments

VII. Comparison with Actual Orbits of Stray Bodies

VIII. Lunar Origin

IX. Cometary Origin


Author Index

Subject Index


Advances in Astronomy and Astrophysics, Volume 4 brings together numerous research works on different aspects of astronomy and astrophysics.
This volume is composed of five chapters, and starts with a description of objective prism and its application in space observations. The next chapter deals with the possibilities of deriving reliable models of the figure, density distribution, and gravity field of the Moon based on data obtained through Earth-bound telescopes. These topics are followed by a discussion on the ideal partially relativistic, partially degenerate gas in an exact manner. A chapter examines first the effect of exchange of matter on the periods of close binary systems, and then briefly surveys the mechanisms of mass loss, other causes of period changes, and related evolutionary problems. The last chapter looks into the cometary origin of meteorites.
This book will prove useful to astronomers and astrophysicists.


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© Academic Press 1966
Academic Press
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About the Editors

Zdeněk Kopal Editor