Advances in Archaeological Method and Theory - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780126241808, 9781483299099

Advances in Archaeological Method and Theory

1st Edition

Selections for Students from Volumes 1-4

Editors: Michael Schiffer
eBook ISBN: 9781483299099
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th November 1982
Page Count: 690
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Table of Contents


Contributors

Preface

1 Cult Archaeology and Unscientific Method and Theory

Cult Archaeology

Interpretation of the Phenomenon of Cult Archaeology

The Need to Deal with Cult Archaeology

Conclusions

References

2 Evolutionary Theory and Archaeology

Evolution

Cultural Evolution

Modern Evolutionary Biology

Evolution and Archaeology

Some Conclusions

The Future of Evolutionary Theory in Archaeology

Conclusions

References

3 The Archaeological Study of Adaptation: Theoretical and Methodological Issues

Introduction

Adaptation, Evolution, and Ecology

Cultural Adaptation

Components of Adaptation

Archaeological Approaches to Adaptation

Prospects

References

4 Explanatory/Predictive Models of Hunter-Gatherer Adaptation

Background

Ethnographic Studies

General Models of Hunter-Gatherer Adaptation

Models of Subsistence

Models of Settlement Location and Territoriality

Models of Population

Discussion

Conclusion

References

5 Demographic Archaeology

Demographic Archaeology

I. Demographic Methods in Archaeology

II. Demographic Models and Explanation in Archaeology

Concluding Remarks

References

6 Paleoethnobotany in American Archaeology

Theoretical Perspective

Historical Perspective

Archaeobotany

Paleoethnobotanical Interpretations

Integration of Paleoethnobotany and Archaeology

References

7 Social Interaction and Stylistic Similarity: A Reanalysis

Assumptions and Methods

Criticisms of the Assumptions

Criticisms of the Interpretations

Criticisms of the Methods

Reanalysis of the Data

Conclusions

References

8 Independent Dating in Archaeological Analysis

Introduction

Definition of Terms

The Dating Problem in Archaeology

The General Model

Application of the Model

Implications of the Model

The Future of Archaeological Dating Theory

Conclusions

References

9 Advances in Archaeological Seriation

Advances in Seriation Techniques

Advances in Seriation Theory

Seriation in Context

The Practice of Seriation

References

10 Taphonomy and Paleoecology: A Critical Review of Archaeology's Sister Disciplines

Introduction

Historical Background

Current Problems of Method and Theory in Taphonomy and Paleoecology

Practical Aspects of Vertebrate Taphonomy of Use to Archaeologists

Conclusions

References

11 A Survey of Disturbance Processes in Archaeological Site Formation

Introduction

Two General Soil-Forming Processes

Faunalturbation: Disturbance by Animals

Floralturbation: Disturbance by Plants

Cryoturbation: Disturbance by Freeze-Thaw Action

Graviturbation: Mass Wasting

Argilliturbation: Disturbance by Expanding and Contracting Clays

Aeroturbation: Disturbance by Soil Gas and by Wind

Aquaturbation: Disturbance by Artesian Action

Crystalturbation: Growth and Wasting of Crystals in Soil

Siesmiturbation: Disturbance by Earthquakes

Concluding Statements

References

12 Decision Making in Modern Surveys

Selection of a Survey Universe

Site Definition

Intensity

Sampling Strategies

Surface Collections

Site Records

Individual Variability and Measurement Error

Analytical Frontiers

References

13 Modern Material Culture Studies

An Archaeological Introduction to Modern Material Culture

The Role of Modern Material Culture Studies in Archaeology

The Social Context of Technology

Archaeology's Role in Modern Material Culture Studies

References

Index

Description

Advances in Archeological Method and Theory: Selections for Students from Volumes 1 through 4 provides information pertinent to the fundamental aspects of archeological method and theory. This book covers a variety of topics, including cult archeology, cultural evolution, models of hunter–gatherer adaptation, and archeobotany.

Organized into 13 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the general cultural significance of cult archeology, from their political and economic aspect to their symbolic meanings. This text then examines the applicability of evolutionary theory to archeology. Other chapters consider the fundamental principles of adaptation as applied to human behavior and review the state of application of adaptation approaches in archeology. This book discusses as well the research on hunter–gatherer adaptation. The final chapter describes the kinds of studies of modern material culture that archeologists are doing and their reasons for doing them.

This book is a valuable resource for archeologists and anthropologists.


Details

No. of pages:
690
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1982
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483299099

About the Editors

Michael Schiffer Editor

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Arizona, Tucson, U.S.A.