Advances in Archaeological Method and Theory

Advances in Archaeological Method and Theory

Volume 9

1st Edition - January 1, 1986

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  • Editor: Michael B Schiffer
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483214849

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Advances in Archaeological Method and Theory, Volume 9 is a collection of papers that describes protohuman culture, pastoralism, artifact classification, and the use of materials science techniques to study the construction of pottery. Some papers discuss contingency tables, geophysical methods of archaeological site surveying, and predictive models for archaeological resource location. One paper reviews the methodological and theoretical advances in the archaeological studies of human origins, particularly covering the Plio-Pleistocene period. Another paper explains the historic and prehistoric development of pastoralism through archaeological investigation. One paper traces the three phases of artifact classification, each being a representation of a different attitude and approach. Another paper evaluates pottery artifacts using a number of basic materials-science concepts and analytic approaches, toward the study of their mechanical strength; and also reviews their use in archaeological studies of pottery production and organization. To investigate archaeological intrasites, the archaeologist can use different specialized methods such as seismic, electromagnetic, resistivity, magnetometry, and radar. Another paper describes various empiric correlative models for locational prediction developed in both contexts of cultural resource management and academic research. Sociologists, anthropologist, ethnographers, museum curators, professional or amateur archaeologists will find the collection immensely valuable.

Table of Contents

  • Contributors

    1 The First Million Years: The Archaeology of Protohuman Culture



    Terminology and Classification

    The Evolutionary Record

    The Earliest Archaeological Sites

    Studies of Early Technology

    Site-Formation Processes: Comparative Models

    The Formation of Early Archaeological Sites: Untangling the Web?

    Studies of Spatial Configurations

    Environmental Reconstruction and Land-Use Patterns


    Social Behavior

    Cognition and Intelligence



    2 Beyond Bones: Toward an Archaeology of Pastoralism

    Introduction and Definitions

    Old World Domestication

    Uses and Limitations of Faunal Analysis

    Pastoral Sites and Survey

    Excavations of Pastoral Sites

    Experimental Archaeology in Pastoral Studies

    Ethnoarchaeological Approaches to Pastoralism

    Conclusions and Recommendations


    3 Methodological Issues in Americanist Artifact Classification


    Kinds of Units

    A Brief History of American Artifact Classification



    4 The Use of Materials Science Techniques in the Study of Pottery Construction and Use


    Ceramic and Clay Studies from the Potter's Perspective: Clay Plasticity and Workability

    Sampling in Studies of Archaeological Clays

    Ceramic and Clay Studies from the Consumer's Perspective: Durability

    Materials Testing: Statistical and Instrumentation Problems

    Linking the Laboratory and the Field

    An Archaeological Caveat



    5 The Analysis of Contingency Tables in Archaeology


    Table Design

    Exploratory Pattern Searching

    Confirmatory Analyses of Tables

    Discrete Data Analysis: Notes on Computing and Future Prospects


    6 Geophysical Methods of Archaeological Site Surveying


    A Guide to the Literature

    Overview of Geophysical Methods

    Seismic Methods

    Electromagnetic Methods

    Electrical Resistivity Surveying

    Magnetic Surveying

    Radar Surveying

    Summary and Conclusions


    7 Predictive Models for Archaeological Resource Location


    Empiric Correlative Models of Location

    Deductive Models of Location

    Concluding Remarks




    Contents of Previous Volumes

Product details

  • No. of pages: 478
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1986
  • Published: January 1, 1986
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483214849

About the Editor

Michael B Schiffer

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