Advances in Archaeological Method and Theory - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780120031085, 9781483214832

Advances in Archaeological Method and Theory

1st Edition

Volume 8

Editors: Michael B Schiffer
eBook ISBN: 9781483214832
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th March 1985
Page Count: 320
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Description

Advances in Archaeological Method and Theory, Volume 8 is a collection of papers that discusses postprocessual archaeology, bone technology, and tree-ring dating in Eastern North America. One paper discriminates between the process and norm, and eliminates the dichotomy by locating human agency and the active. It focuses on monitoring individuals as being in the center of social theory. Another paper discuses the physical model and the textual model that describe the basic components of an archaeological record. For example, the first model implies that archaeological inferences move from material components of the record to material phenomena in the past. The second model assumes that archaeological inference should move from material phenomena to mental phenomena, from material symbols to the ideas and beliefs they encode. Another paper explains the use of analogy as a useful tool in archaeological considerations. One paper investigates bones as a material for study, including the analysis of carnivore-induced fractures or hominid-induced modifications from using bones as tools. The collection is suitable for sociologists, anthropologist, professional or amateur archaeologists, and museum curators studying archaeological artifacts.

Table of Contents


Contributors


Contents of Previous Volumes


1 Postprocessual Archaeology


Introduction


Aspects of Social Action Theory


Implications for Processual Archaeology


Material Culture Theory and Archaeological Application


Conclusion: Processual Archaeology and a Timeless Past


References


2 Is There an Archaeological Record?


Introduction


What is the Archaeological Record?


The Archaeological Record as a Scientific Model


The Physical and Textual Models of the Archaeological Record


The Two Models in the Current Debate


The Textual Model: Its Theoretical Roots and its Implications for Archaeology


The Physical Model and Its Implications for Archaeological Inference


Rethinking the Physical Model


The Textual Model and its Implications for Archaeological Inference


Conclusion: Can There Be a Synthesis of the Two Models?


References


3 The Reaction against Analogy


Introduction


Historical Ambivalence about Analogy: Objections and Proposals


The New Reaction against Analogy


Conclusion


References


4 The Archaeological Record on Sedentariness: Recognition, Development, and Implications


Terminology and Definitions


Sedentariness in Evolutionary Perspective


Preconditions, Enablers, and Causes


A Model for the Development of Sedentariness


Sedentary Settlement Pattern Types


Indicators of Sedentariness


Results of Sedentariness


Research Directions


References


5 Current Developments in Bone Technology


Introduction


Bone Properties and Fracture Mechanics


Natural Agency Modifications</B

Details

No. of pages:
320
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1985
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483214832

About the Editor

Michael B Schiffer

Ratings and Reviews