Advances in Archaeological Method and Theory - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780120031078, 9781483294308

Advances in Archaeological Method and Theory, Volume 7

1st Edition

Serial Editors: Michael Schiffer
eBook ISBN: 9781483294308
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st March 1984
Page Count: 462
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Table of Contents


Contributors

Contents of Previous Volumes

1 Archaeology and the Study of Gender

Introduction

A Feminist Critique of Archaeology

Toward an Archaeological Approach to the Study of Gender

Some Conclusions

References

2 Too Many Types: An Overview of Prestate Societies in the Americas

Introduction

Prestate Sedentary Societies: The Classification Problem

Problem Orientation and Data Selection

Data Analysis and Interpretation

Conclusions

Appendix 1: Sample Cases

References

3 The Nature of Organization of Intrasite Archaeological Records and Spatial Analytic Approaches to Their Investigation

Introduction

Theoretical and Operational Goals of Intrasite Spatial Analysis

Goals

The Appropriateness of Contingency Relations between Some of the Operational Goals of Spatial Analysis

Appropriateness of the Goal of Assessing the Form of Arrangement of Artifacts

Appropriateness of the Goal of Searching for Site-Wide Patterns of Co-Arrangement of Artifact Types

A Model of the Nature of Organization of Intrasite Archaeological Records

Definitions: Activity Sets, Depositional Sets, Activity Areas, and Depositional Areas

The Polythetic, Overlapping Character of Activity Sets and Depositional Sets

Processes Responsible for the Polythetic, Overlapping Organization of Activity Sets and Depositional Sets

Characteristics of Activity Areas and Use-Areas

A Review of Previously Used Spatial Analytic Techniques and Evaluation of Their Appropriateness for Intrasite Analysis

Introduction

Methods for Assessing Whether Artifacts Cluster in Space

Methods for Assessing Whether Artifact Types Are Co-Arranged

Methods for Delimiting Spatial Clusters of Artifacts

More Appropriate Methods for Intrasite Spatial Analysis

Methods for Assessing Whether Artifacts Cluster in Space

A Method for Assessing Whether Artifact Types Are Co-Arranged

Methods for Delimiting Spatial Clusters of Artifacts

Conclusion

References

4 Discovering Sites Unseen

Introduction

The Constituents of Sites

Techniques for Discovering Sites

Factors that Affect Site Discovery Using Subsurface Probes

Summary and Prognosis

References

5 Remote Sensing Applications in Archaeology

Introduction

Recording the Electromagnetic Spectrum

Limitations of Archaeological Remote Sensing

The Development of Aerial Archaeology and Cultural Resources Remote Sensing

Finding and Acquiring Aerial Photographs

Aerial Photointerpretation

Cultural Resources Photogrammetry

Terrestrial Photogrammetry

Remote Sensing in Archaeological Survey, Sampling, and Regional Studies

Remote Sensing and Archaeological Sampling

Projection from Samples

Remote Sensing and Archaeological Prediction

Visual versus Digital Classification—Pros and Cons

Conclusions: Archaeological Remote Sensing—Past, Present, and Future

References

6 Geomagnetic Dating Methods in Archaeology

Introduction

The Geomagnetic Field

The Acquisition of Remanent Magnetism by Fired Clay and Sediments

Laboratory Equipment and Procedures

The Early History of Archaeomagnetism and Related Developments in Other Areas of Paleomagnetism

Archaeomagnetic Dating Using Secular Variation of Direction Recorded in Baked Clay

Modern Studies of Secular Variation of Direction Recorded in Baked Clay

Secular Variation of Direction Recorded in Sediments of Archaeological Interest

Paleointensity

Reversals and Excursions

Concluding Remarks

Appendix 1: Magnetic Units

Appendix 2: Index of Definitions of Technical Terms

References

Index

Description

Advances in Archaeological Method and Theory, Volume 7 is a collection of papers that deals with the study of gender, discovering new sites, and using remote sensing. Some papers describe the prestate societies in the Americas, intrasite archaeological records organization, and geomagnetic dating methods. One paper explains that an explicit framework for the archaeological study of gender should be formulated alongside the existing explicit theory of human social action. Organization of gender behaviors is connected to task differentiation, material culture, cultural solidarity, integration, extradomestic trade. Another paper notes that the extent of social differentiation seems to depend less on the number of people in a society than on its organizational divisions. It emphasizes that the total population and maximal community-size can also determine the number of administrative levels. One paper discusses the approaches and techniques in dealing with the problems of discovering unseen sites, name, their visibility and obtrusiveness. The individual archaeologists can apply remote sensing applications to pursue a cultural resource management or in a certain explanatory archaeological situation. Another paper explains how to obtain accuracy in dating objects and cultural events using geomagnetic methods. The collection is suitable for professional or amateur archaeologists, sociologists, anthropologist, and scientist involved in the analysis of artifacts.


Details

No. of pages:
462
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1984
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483294308

About the Serial Editors

Michael Schiffer Serial Editor

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Arizona, Tucson, U.S.A.