Advancement in Polymer-Based Membranes for Water Remediation

Advancement in Polymer-Based Membranes for Water Remediation

1st Edition - February 23, 2022

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  • Editors: Sanjay Nayak, Kingshuk Dutta, Jaydevsinh Gohil
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323885171
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323885140

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Description

Advancements in Polymer-Based Membranes for Water Remediation describes the advanced membrane science and engineering behind the separation processes within the domain of polymer-based membrane systems in water remediation. Emphasis has been put on several aspects, ranging from fundamental concepts to the commercialization of pressure and potential driven membranes, updated with the latest technological progresses, and relevant polymer materials and application potential towards water treatment systems. Also included in this book are advances in polymers for membrane application in reverse osmosis, nanofiltration, ultrafiltration, microfiltration, forward osmosis, and polymeric ion-exchange membranes for electrodialysis and capacitive deionization. With its critical analyzes and opinions from experts around the world, this book will garner considerable interest among actual users, i.e., scientists, engineers, industrialists, entrepreneurs and students.

Key Features

  • Evaluates water remediation using pressure driven and potential driven membrane processes
  • Reviews emerging polymer systems for membranes preparation
  • Offers a comprehensive analysis in the development of polymer-based membranes and their applications in water remediation
  • Analyzes membrane performance parameters to evaluate separation efficiency for various water pollutants
  • Covers concept-to-commercialization aspects of polymer-based membranes in terms of water purification, pollutant removal, stability and scalability

Readership

Researchers, Postgraduate and Undergraduate students in Chemical Engineering, Water Treatment Technology, Membrane Science and Technology, Polymer Science and Technology, Materials Science and Engineering, and Nanotechnology

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • List of contributors
  • About the editors
  • Foreword
  • Preface
  • Acknowledgments
  • Section I: Water remediation using polymeric microfiltration and ultrafiltration membrane technologies
  • Chapter 1. Microfiltration and ultrafiltration membrane technologies
  • Abstract
  • 1.1 Introduction
  • 1.2 Membrane science and theory
  • 1.3 Membrane characterization methods
  • 1.4 Module design and process configuration
  • 1.5 Application of polymeric ultrafiltration and microfiltration membranes
  • 1.6 Summary
  • References
  • Chapter 2. Polymer-based microfiltration/ultrafiltration membranes
  • Abstract
  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Polymers as raw material to synthesize microfiltration/ultrafiltration membranes
  • 2.3 Effect of polymer-enhanced microfiltration/ultrafiltration membranes
  • 2.4 Recent advances made in polymeric microfiltration/ultrafiltration membranes for water remediation application
  • 2.5 Microplastics and polymeric membranes
  • 2.6 Prospective
  • References
  • Chapter 3. Polymer-based nano-enhanced microfiltration/ultrafiltration membranes
  • Abstract
  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Nanocomposite membranes
  • 3.3 Hollow fiber nano-enhanced membranes
  • 3.4 Main aspects in membrane performances
  • 3.5 Carbon nanotubes and graphene oxide
  • 3.6 Metallic nanoparticles
  • 3.7 Stability of nanocomposite membranes
  • 3.8 Future research
  • 3.9 Challenges and future perspectives
  • 3.10 Conclusions
  • References
  • Further reading
  • Section II: Water remediation using polymeric nanofiltration membrane technologies
  • Chapter 4. Nanofiltration membrane technologies
  • Abstract
  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Operation principle and transport mechanism
  • 4.3 Types of polymeric membranes and application domain
  • 4.4 Polymeric membrane structure and configurations
  • 4.5 NF membrane preparation technologies
  • 4.6 Commercially available membranes
  • 4.7 Limitations and key mitigation strategies
  • 4.8 Summary and future directions
  • References
  • Chapter 5. Polymer-based nanofiltration membranes
  • Abstract
  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Polymer-based nanofiltration membranes
  • 5.3 Preparation of polymer-based nanofiltration membranes
  • 5.4 Thin-film polymer composite nanofiltration membranes
  • 5.5 Effect of polymeric support
  • 5.6 Potential of polymer-composite nanofiltration membranes for water desalination
  • 5.7 Polymers for solvent-resistant nanofiltration membranes
  • 5.8 Commercialization status and commercial viability
  • 5.9 Summary and future direction
  • References
  • Chapter 6. Polymer-based nanoenhanced nanofiltration membranes
  • Abstract
  • 6.1 Introduction
  • 6.2 Mixed matrix polymer-based nanoenhanced nanofiltration membranes
  • 6.3 Electrospun nanofibrous polymers for nanofiltration applications
  • 6.4 Nanoenhanced hollow-fiber nanofiltration membranes
  • 6.5 Commercialization status and commercial viability
  • 6.6 Summary and future directions
  • Abbreviations
  • References
  • Chapter 7. Polymer-based bioinspired, biomimetic, and stimuli-responsive nanofiltration membranes
  • Abstract
  • 7.1 Introduction
  • 7.2 Bioinspired membranes and their applications
  • 7.3 Biomimetic membranes
  • 7.4 Stimuli-responsive/smart membranes
  • 7.5 Commercial status and future directions
  • 7.6 Summary
  • Nomenclature
  • References
  • Section III: Water remediation using polymeric reverse and forward osmosis membrane technologies
  • Chapter 8. Reverse and forward osmosis membrane technologies
  • Abstract
  • 8.1 Introduction
  • 8.2 Classification of osmotic processes and basic concept
  • 8.3 Reverse osmosis and forward osmosis membranes
  • 8.4 Concentration polarization in an osmotic-driven membrane
  • 8.5 Reverse osmosis and forward osmosis membrane fabrication methods
  • 8.6 Advances in forward osmosis and reverse osmosis membranes’ structures and properties
  • 8.7 Custom designs of flat sheet forward osmosis and reverse osmosis membranes
  • 8.8 Concluding remarks and recommendations
  • References
  • Chapter 9. Polymer-based reverse osmosis membranes
  • Abstract
  • 9.1 Introduction
  • 9.2 Asymmetric polymer-based reverse osmosis membranes
  • 9.3 Thin-film composite membrane
  • 9.4 Potential of different polymer-based reverse osmosis membranes for brackish water desalination
  • 9.5 Polymer-based reverse osmosis membranes for seawater desalination
  • 9.6 Commercialization status and commercial viability
  • 9.7 Summary and future direction
  • References
  • Chapter 10. Polymer-based nano-enhanced reverse osmosis membranes
  • Abstract
  • 10.1 Introduction
  • 10.2 Preparation strategies of polymer-based nano-enhanced reverse osmosis membranes
  • 10.3 Polymer nanocomposite reverse osmosis membranes
  • 10.4 Potential of different polymer-based nanocomposite reverse osmosis membranes for water desalination
  • 10.5 Potential other applications of polymer nanocomposite reverse osmosis membranes in water treatment
  • 10.6 Commercialization status and viability
  • 10.7 Way forward
  • 10.8 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgment
  • References
  • Chapter 11. Reuse and recycling of end-of-life reverse osmosis membranes
  • Abstract
  • 11.1 Introduction
  • 11.2 Reverse osmosis membrane technology
  • 11.3 Reverse osmosis membranes and modules
  • 11.4 Fouling in reverse osmosis separation process: problem, prevention, and cleaning protocols
  • 11.5 End-of-life reverse osmosis membrane modules: reuse and recycling techniques
  • 11.6 Applications of reverse osmosis recycled membranes in other membrane processes
  • 11.7 Conclusions
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 12. Polymer-based forward osmosis membranes
  • Abstract
  • 12.1 Introduction
  • 12.2 Polymer-based flat sheet forward osmosis membranes
  • 12.3 Polymer-based hollow fiber forward osmosis membranes
  • 12.4 Commercialization status and commercial viability
  • 12.5 Summary and future directions
  • Abbreviations
  • Nomenclature
  • References
  • Chapter 13. Polymer-based nano-enhanced forward osmosis membranes
  • Abstract
  • 13.1 Introduction
  • 13.2 Polymer-based mixed matrix forward osmosis membranes
  • 13.3 Polymer-based nanocomposite flat sheet forward osmosis membranes
  • 13.4 Polymer-based nanocomposite hollow fiber forward osmosis membranes
  • 13.5 Nanofibrous-based forward osmosis membranes
  • 13.6 Nanomaterials used in surface modification of forward osmosis membranes
  • 13.7 Polymer-based stimuli-responsive forward osmosis membranes
  • 13.8 Commercialization status of the forward osmosis membranes
  • 13.9 Summary and future directions
  • References
  • Section IV: Water remediation using polymeric membranes in electrodialysis, electrodialysis reversal, capacitive deionization and membrane distillation technologies
  • Chapter 14. Electrodialysis, electrodialysis reversal and capacitive deionization technologies
  • Abstract
  • 14.1 Introduction
  • 14.2 Structure of ion-exchange membranes
  • 14.3 Electrodialysis, electrodialysis reversal, and selective electrodialysis
  • 14.4 Capacitive deionization-based technologies
  • 14.5 Limitations and key mitigation strategies
  • 14.6 Summary and future directions
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 15. Polymeric membranes in electrodialysis, electrodialysis reversal, and capacitive deionization technologies
  • Abstract
  • 15.1 Introduction
  • 15.2 Ion-exchange membranes and their fabrication processes
  • 15.3 Application and performance of ion-exchange membranes in electrodialysis
  • 15.4 Application and performance of ion-exchange membranes in electrodialysis reversal
  • 15.5 Application and performance of ion-exchange membranes in membrane capacitive deionization
  • 15.6 Concluding remarks
  • References
  • Chapter 16. Polymeric nano-enhanced membranes in electrodialysis, electrodialysis reversal and capacitive deionization technologies
  • Abstract
  • 16.1 Introduction
  • 16.2 Preparation of polymer-based nano-enhanced ion-exchange membranes
  • 16.3 Analysis of different ion-exchange membranes for water treatment
  • 16.4 Commercialization status and commercial viability
  • 16.5 Summary and future directions
  • References
  • Chapter 17. Polymer-based membranes for membrane distillation
  • Abstract
  • Abbreviations
  • Nomenclature
  • 17.1 Introduction
  • 17.2 Principle and different configurations of membrane distillation
  • 17.3 Fabrication techniques and module designs of MD membrane
  • 17.4 Membrane materials for MD
  • 17.5 Characteristics of MD membrane
  • 17.6 Operational parameters in membrane distillation
  • 17.7 Fouling and wetting phenomena
  • 17.8 Prevention methods of fouling and wetting
  • 17.9 Temperature and concentration polarization
  • 17.10 Applications of membrane distillation
  • 17.11 Economics and energy consumption of membrane distillation
  • 17.12 Conclusion and future directions in membrane distillation
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 676
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2022
  • Published: February 23, 2022
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323885171
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323885140

About the Editors

Sanjay Nayak

Prof. (Dr.) Sanjay K. Nayak is currently the Vice Chancellor of Ravenshaw University, Odisha, India. He was the Former Director General of Central Institute of Petrochemicals Engineering & Technology (CIPET), a Higher Technical Education Institute under Department of Chemicals & Petrochemicals, Ministry of Chemicals & Fertilizers, Govt. of India. Prof. Nayak has more than 33 years of experience in Teaching, Research and Technical Consultancy. As a passionate educationist, Prof. Nayak holds dual Ph.D. Degree both in Science & Engineering, and also conferred with D.Sc. Degree on "Advanced Thermoplastic Composites & Nanocomposites". He has mentored more than 50 scholars for Ph.D. program and 75 students for their M.Tech./M.E. theses. He has around 500 publications in peer reviewed International Journals, more than 300 International Conference papers and several Patents and Designs to his credit. In addition, he has been the Author/Editor of 30 Books/Book Chapters with leading International Publishers. Moreover, he has been actively contributing towards indigenous technology development through funded Research Projects and Consultancy Services to the industries. He is also the recipient of many awards, like 'Distinguished Scientist Award' in appreciation to his contribution to Polymer Science & Technology by Asian Polymer Association (APA), 'Commendable Faculty Award' for Research in Material Science & High Citation Index (as per Scopus), National Awards for Technology Innovations in Petrochemicals and Downstream Plastics Processing Industry and Lifetime Achievement Award by FICCI / India Chem in 2018, Department of Chemicals & Petrochemicals, Govt. of India for Distinguished Contribution to Indian Plastics Industry. He has been awarded “Honoris Causa (Honorary Doctorate)” from Utkal University & Biju Patnaik University of Technology (BPUT), Odisha, India in 2017 and 2020, respectively. He has also been featured as one of the top 2% of the Global Scientists in the field of Polymers in a study by Prestigious Stanford University, U.S.A.

Affiliations and Expertise

Director General and Chief Executive Officer, School for Advanced Research in Polymers-LARPM, Central Institute of Plastic Engineering and Technology, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India

Kingshuk Dutta

Dr. Kingshuk Dutta, FICS, is currently employed as a Scientist in the Advanced Polymer Design and Development Research Laboratory of the Central Institute of Petrochemicals Engineering and Technology, India. Prior to this appointment, he had worked as an Indo-U.S. Postdoctoral Fellow at the Cornell University, U.S.A. (2018-19) and as a National Postdoctoral Fellow at the Indian Institute of Technology – Kharagpur, India (2016-17), both funded by the Science and Engineering Research Board, Govt. of India. Earlier, as a Senior Research Fellow funded by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Govt. of India., he had carried out his doctoral study at the University of Calcutta, India (2013-16). He possesses degrees in both technology (B. Tech. and M. Tech.) and science (B. Sc.), all from University of Calcutta. He was also a recipient of the prestigious Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) and National Scholarship, both from the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Govt. of India. His areas of research interest lie in the fields of fuel cells (including alcohol, bio/microbial and hydrogen fuel cells), sensors, water purification, polymer blends and composites and biodegradable polymers. Until date, he has contributed to 45 experimental and review papers in reputed international platforms, 24 book chapters and many national and international presentations. In addition, he has edited/co-edited two books published by Elsevier. He has also served as a guest associate handling editor for Frontiers in Chemistry and a peer-reviewer for over 130 journal articles, conference papers, book chapters and research project proposals. He is a life member and an elected fellow of the Indian Chemical Society, a life member of the International Exchange Alumni Network (U.S. Department of State), a member of the International Association of Advanced Materials (Sweden) and a member of the Science Advisory Board (U.S.A.). Earlier, he held memberships of the International Association for Hydrogen Energy (U.S.A.), the Institute for Engineering Research and Publication (India) and the Wiley Advisors Group (U.S.A.).

Affiliations and Expertise

Scientist, Advanced Polymer Design and Development Research Laboratory (APDDRL), School for Advanced Research in Polymers (SARP), Central Institute of Plastics Engineering and Technology (CIPET), Devanahalli, Bengaluru, India

Jaydevsinh Gohil

Dr. Jaydevsinh M. Gohil is currently holding a Scientist position at the School for Advanced Research in Polymers - Advanced Polymer Design & Development Research Laboratory (SARP: APDDRL) (Bengaluru, India), an R&D wing of the Central Institute of Plastics Engineering & Technology (CIPET). He had received his B.Sc. degree in Applied Chemistry (Sardar Patel University) in 2000, M.Sc. degree in Plastics Technology (Sardar Patel University) in 2002, and Ph.D. degree in Chemistry (Bhavnagar University) in 2008. Prior to his present appointment, he had worked as a Postdoctoral Fellow at the University of Western Ontario, Canada (2011-2014) and at the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Bombay, India (2009-2011,) funded by the Ontario Centers for Excellence/the Natural Science and Engineering Research Council /the BioGenerator Energy Solution Inc., Canada and IIT Bombay/DOW Chemicals, respectively. Earlier he was awarded Senior Research Fellowship from the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), New Delhi, India (2006-2008), and during that period, he had carried out his doctoral study at the CSIR-Central Salt & Marine Chemicals Research Institute (CSMCRI), India. He had served as an Assistant Professor in the Department of Material Science at Sardar Patel University from August 2015 to October 2015, and later on joined and worked at Laboratory for Advanced Research in Polymeric Materials (SARP: LARPM), CIPET, Bhubaneswar, as a Pool Scientist from Oct. 2015 to Nov. 2016. He has more than 30 peer-reviewed papers/book chapters to his credit published in international journals. His research interest includes development of membranes and membrane processes for environmental applications (water purification and treatment) and energy generation (fuel cells), design and development of novel and smart polymers, bioinspired materials, and hybrid materials for membranes molecular separation and energy generation.

Affiliations and Expertise

Scientist, CIPET: SARP – APDDRL, Hi-Tech Defence and Aerospace Park, Devanahalli, Bengaluru – 562149, Karnataka, India

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