Advanced Techniques in Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS-MS and GC-TOF-MS) for Environmental Chemistry

Advanced Techniques in Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS-MS and GC-TOF-MS) for Environmental Chemistry

1st Edition - September 26, 2013
This is the Latest Edition
  • Editors: Imma Ferrer, E. Thurman
  • eBook ISBN: 9780444626240

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Description

Gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS) has been the technique of choice of analytical scientists for many years. The latest developments in instrumentation, including tandem mass spectrometry (MS-MS) and time-of-flight (TOF) detectors, have opened up and broadened the scope of environmental analytical chemistry. This book summarizes the major advances and relevant applications of GC-MS techniques over the last 10 years, with chapters by leading authors in the field of environmental chemistry. The authors are drawn from academia, industry and government. The book is organized in three main parts. Part I covers applications of basic GC-MS to solve environmental-related problems. Part II focuses on GC-MS-MS instrumentation for the analyses of a broad range of analysis in environmental samples (pesticides, persistent organic pollutants, endocrine disruptors, etc.). Part III covers the use of more advanced GC-MS techniques using low- and high-resolution mass spectrometry for many applications related to the environment, food and industry.

Key Features

  • Summarizes the major advances of GC-MS techniques in the last decade
  • Presents relevant applications of GC-MS techniques
  • Covers academic, industrial and governmental sectors

Readership

All scientists involved in the analysis of food, environmental, and industrial samples

Table of Contents

  • Series Page

    Contributors to Volume 61

    Series Editor's Preface

    Preface

    Part I: Advances in GC–MS and GC–MS–MS. Environmental Applications

    Chapter 1. Gas Chromatography–Mass Spectrometry Techniques for Multiresidue Pesticide Analysis in Agricultural Commodities

    Abstract

    1 Gas Chromatography

    2 Gas Chromatography with Element Selective Detection for Multiresidue Pesticide Analysis

    3 Capillary GC–MS

    4 Gas Chromatography–Ion Trap-Mass Spectrometry

    5 Gas Chromatography–Single Quadrupole-Mass Spectrometry

    6 GC–QQQ-MS/MS

    7 Capillary GC–TOF-MS

    8 Limitations and Future Outlook of GC–MS

    9 Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 2. Microextraction Techniques Coupled to Advanced GC–MS Techniques for Analysis of Environmental Samples

    Abstract

    Abbreviations

    1 Introduction

    2 Microextraction Techniques

    3 Concluding Remarks, Trends, and Perspectives in Microextraction

    References

    Chapter 3. Determination of Pesticide Residues in Environmental and Food Samples Using Gas Chromatography–Triple Quadrupole Mass Spectrometry

    Abstract

    Abbreviations

    1 Introduction

    2 Method Development

    3 Applications of GC–QqQ-MS

    4 Challenging Issues of GC–QqQ-MS

    5 Future of GC–QqQ-MS

    References

    Chapter 4. Environmental Odor Pollution: A Complex GC–MS, Olfactometry and Diffusion Modeling Approach to Define Air Quality

    Abstract

    1 Environmental Odor Pollution

    2 Analytical Methods

    3 Results for VOCs

    4 Case Studies: Landfills and Composting Plants

    5 Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 5. Injection Port Derivatization for GC/MS–MS: Analysis of Hormones in Water

    Abstract

    1 Introduction

    2 Experimental Methods and Sample Preparation

    3 Results and Discussion

    4 Conclusions

    Acknowledgments

    References

    Chapter 6. High-Throughput Analysis of PPCPs, PCDD/Fs, and PCBs in Biological Matrices Using GC–MS/MS

    Abstract

    1 Introduction

    2 Sample Preparation Overview

    3 Next-Generation PLE Techniques

    4 Gas Chromatography Tandem MS for Trace Analysis in Biological Matrices

    References

    Chapter 7. GC–MS Applied to the Monitoring of Pesticides in Milk and Blackberries and PAHs in Processed Meats of Colombia

    Abstract

    1 Introduction

    2 Materials and Methods

    3 Validation

    4 Monitoring

    5 Conclusions

    Acknowledgments

    References

    Chapter 8. Applications and Strategies Based on Gas Chromatography–Low-Resolution Mass Spectrometry (GC–LRMS) for the Determination of Residues and Organic Contaminants in Environmental Samples

    Abstract

    1 Introduction

    2 Advanced Extraction Techniques in Environmental Analysis

    3 Derivatization Reactions of Compounds

    4 GC–LRMS Analysis

    5 Conclusions and Future Trends

    Acknowledgments

    References

    Chapter 9. Determination of Pyrethroid Insecticides in Environmental Samples by GC–MS and GC–MS–MS

    Abstract

    Abbreviations

    1 Introduction

    2 Sample Preparation Methodologies

    3 Gas Chromatography Separation

    4 Mass Spectrometry Detection

    5 Levels of Real Samples

    Acknowledgments

    References

    Chapter 10. GC–MS–MS for the Analysis of Phytoestrogens in the Environment

    Abstract

    1 Introduction

    2 Experimental

    3 GC–MS–MS Analyses

    4 Application to Food and Environmental Samples

    5 Conclusions

    Acknowledgments

    References

    Part II: Advances in High Resolution and Accurate Mass GC–MS. Environmental Applications

    Chapter 11. Principles and Applications of Gas Chromatography Quadrupole Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry

    Abstract

    1 Introduction

    2 Overview of GC/QTOF Instrumentation

    3 Environmental Applications

    4 Conclusions

    Acknowledgments

    References

    Chapter 12. Gas Chromatography–Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry in Food and Environmental Analysis

    Abstract

    1 Introduction

    2 Gas Chromatography–Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry

    3 Applications of GC–TOF-MS in Food and Environmental Analysis

    4 Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 13. Ultra-High Mass Resolution Miniaturized Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometer “infiTOF” for Rapid Analysis of Polychlorinated Biphenyls

    Abstract

    1 Introduction

    2 “On-Site Mass Spectrometry” Using Miniaturized Mass Spectrometers

    3 Multiturn TOF Mass Spectrometers at Osaka University

    4 Miniaturized Multiturn TOF Mass Spectrometer “infiTOF”

    5 PCBs Analysis in GC-infiTOF System

    6 Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 14. Environmental Applications of Soft Ionization with GC–TOFMS and GC–QTOFMS

    Abstract

    1 Introduction

    2 Experimental

    3 Results and Discussion

    4 Conclusions

    Acknowledgments

    References

    Chapter 15. Compound-Specific Stable Isotope Analysis of Natural and Produced Hydrocarbon Gases Surrounding Oil and Gas Operations

    Abstract

    1 Introduction

    2 Hydrocarbon Gas Sampling Methods

    3 Stable Isotope Background

    4 Analytical Methods

    5 Interpretation of Natural Gas Stable Isotopes

    6 Conclusions

    Acknowledgments

    References

    Chapter 16. Analysis of Halogenated Flame Retardants by Gas Chromatography Coupled to LRMS, HRMS, MS–MS, and TOF-MS

    Abstract

    Abbreviations

    1 Introduction

    2 Sample Treatment

    3 Instrumental Analysis

    4 Levels in Environmental Samples

    References

    Chapter 17. Industrial Applications of High-Resolution GC/MS

    Abstract

    1 Introduction: Why GC/MS?

    2 Industrial Applications of GC/MS

    3 Recent Advances in GC/MS Technology

    4 Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 18. Current Applications of GC-(Q)TOF and GC–HRMS for the Determination of Persistent Organic Pollutants in Water and Sediments Samples

    Abstract

    1 Introduction

    2 Sample Extraction

    3 Determination by Gas Chromatography Analysis Coupled to High-Resolution Mass Spectrometry

    4 Applications and Quantification Strategies

    5 Conclusions

    Acknowledgments

    References

    Chapter 19. A GC/MS–MS Versus GC/HRMS Dioxin Analysis Comparison. Some Critical Considerations for Low-Level Environmental Samples

    Abstract

    1 Introduction

    2 Materials and Methods

    3 Results

    4 Conclusions

    Acknowledgments

    References

    Chapter 20. The Future of GC/Q-TOF in Environmental Analysis

    Abstract

    1 Introduction

    2 GC/MS and Environmental Analysis

    3 Biologically Relevant Chemical Space

    4 The Exposome, Exposomics, and the Future of GC/Q-TOF

    5 Summary

    References

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 526
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2013
  • Published: September 26, 2013
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780444626240
  • About the Series Volume Editors

    Imma Ferrer

    Dr. Imma Ferrer is a Research Associate at the University of Colorado at Boulder. She completed her Ph.D. at the Univesity of Barcelona (Catalonia, Spain) in 1999 and afterwards did a post-doc with the U.S. Geological Survey at the National Water Quality Laboratory in Denver, CO. She also worked at the University of Almeria as an Associate Researcher for 5 years. She has more than 24 years experience on developing methods for emerging contaminants using LC-MS techniques and collaborating with industry helping to improve instrumentation. Dr. Ferrer is author of more than 100 peer review papers (h-index of 48, same as her age!) and chapters and has co-edited 3 books on LC-MS and GC-MS applications for the analysis of organic contaminants in the environment. She was recently appointed as an Associate Editor of the Elsevier Journal Trends in Environmental Analytical Chemistry. Both, Drs Ferrer and Thurman co-founded the Center for Environmental Mass Spectrometry in 2008 at the University of Colorado where they still work as a team. Their main reward is to have a state-of-the-art laboratory with some of the best and unique analytical tools for the detection of environmental compounds, and to be a reference for the scientists working in this field.

    Affiliations and Expertise

    Research Associate, Center for Environmental Mass Spectrometry, University of Colorado Boulder, Colorado, USA

    E. Thurman

    Dr. E. Michael Thurman is currently a Research Associate at the University of Colorado at Boulder. He completed his Ph.D. at the University of Colorado in 1979. He is also an Emeritus Scientist with the U.S. Geological Survey, where he worked on pesticide and groundwater chemistry for 30 years. His bibliography consists of more than 200 publications in environmental chemistry, including more than 150 journal articles. Dr. Thurman has published six books dedicated to the chemical analysis of pesticides and natural products, sample preparation, and liquid and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, and accurate mass analysis. He is a highly cited scientist in environmental chemistry with over 17,000 citations (h-index of 64). Both, Drs Ferrer and Thurman co-founded the Center for Environmental Mass Spectrometry in 2008 at the University of Colorado where they still work as a team. Their main reward is to have a state-of-the-art laboratory with some of the best and unique analytical tools for the detection of environmental compounds, and to be a reference for the scientists working in this field.

    Affiliations and Expertise

    Research Associate, Center for Environmental Mass Spectrometry, University of Colorado Boulder, Colorado, USA