Description

Advanced separations technology is key to closing the nuclear fuel cycle and relieving future generations from the burden of radioactive waste produced by the nuclear power industry. Nuclear fuel reprocessing techniques not only allow for recycling of useful fuel components for further power generation, but by also separating out the actinides, lanthanides and other fission products produced by the nuclear reaction, the residual radioactive waste can be minimised. Indeed, the future of the industry relies on the advancement of separation and transmutation technology to ensure environmental protection, criticality-safety and non-proliferation (i.e., security) of radioactive materials by reducing their long-term radiological hazard.

Advanced separation techniques for nuclear fuel reprocessing and radioactive waste treatment provides a comprehensive and timely reference on nuclear fuel reprocessing and radioactive waste treatment. Part one covers the fundamental chemistry, engineering and safety of radioactive materials separations processes in the nuclear fuel cycle, including coverage of advanced aqueous separations engineering, as well as on-line monitoring for process control and safeguards technology. Part two critically reviews the development and application of separation and extraction processes for nuclear fuel reprocessing and radioactive waste treatment. The section includes discussions of advanced PUREX processes, the UREX+ concept, fission product separations, and combined systems for simultaneous radionuclide extraction. Part three details emerging and innovative treatment techniques, initially reviewing pyrochemical processes and engineering, highly selective compounds for solvent extraction, and developments in partitioning and transmutation processes that aim to close the nuclear fuel cycle. The book concludes with other advanced techniques such as solid phase extraction, supercritical fluid and ionic liquid extraction, and biological treatment

Key Features

  • A comprehensive and timely reference on nuclear fuel reprocessing and radioactive waste treatment
  • Details emerging and innovative treatment techniques, reviewing pyrochemical processes and engineering, as well as highly selective compounds for solvent extraction
  • Discusses the development and application of separation and extraction processes for nuclear fuel reprocessing and radioactive waste treatment

Readership

Professionals and researchers throughout the nuclear fuel cycle including: nuclear fuel reprocessing, radioactive waste separations, radioactive waste management; nuclear materials developer; nuclear power operators, graduates and research professors in the areas of nuclear fuel cycle and radioactive waste management; government/regulatory radioactive waste management bodies

Table of Contents

Contributor contact details

Woodhead Publishing Series in Energy

Preface

Part I: Fundamentals of radioactive materials separations processes: chemistry, engineering and safeguards

Chapter 1: Chemistry of radioactive materials in the nuclear fuel cycle

Abstract:

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Chemical features of important fission products and actinides

1.3 Relevant actinide chemistry in the nuclear fuel cycle

1.4 Essential features of solvent extraction separations in the nuclear fuel cycle

1.5 Behavior in molten salts/molten metals/ionic liquids/alternative media

1.6 Interactions at interfaces significant to the nuclear fuel cycle

1.7 Future trends

Chapter 2: Physical and chemical properties of actinides in nuclear fuel reprocessing

Abstract:

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Thermodynamic properties of compounds

2.3 Speciation, complexation and reactivity in solution of actinides

2.4 Irradiation effects

2.5 Future trends

2.6 Sources of further information and advice

Chapter 3: Chemical engineering for advanced aqueous radioactive materials separations

Abstract:

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Containment concepts

3.3 Separations equipment

3.4 Equipment materials considerations

3.5 Future trends

3.6 Sources of further information and advice

Chapter 4: Spectroscopic on-line monitoring for process control and safeguarding of radiochemical streams in nuclear fuel reprocessing facilities

Abstract:

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Static spectroscopic measurements

4.3 Demonstration of spectroscopic methods

4.4 Conclusions

4.5 Acknowledgments

4.7 Appendix: acronyms

Chapter 5: Safeguards technology for radioactive materials processing and nuclear fuel reprocessing facilities

Abstract:

5.1 Introduction

Details

No. of pages:
512
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 2011
Published:
Imprint:
Woodhead Publishing
Electronic ISBN:
9780857092274
Print ISBN:
9781845695019
Print ISBN:
9780081017234

About the editors

Kenneth Nash

Professor Kenneth L. Nash of Washington State University is an expert in the fields of nuclear separation processes and the nuclear fuel cycle.

Gregg Lumetta

Dr Gregg J. Lumetta of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is an expert in the fields of nuclear separation processes and the nuclear fuel cycle.