Advanced Reactor Concepts (ARC)

Advanced Reactor Concepts (ARC)

A New Nuclear Power Plant Perspective for Energy

1st Edition - January 20, 2023

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  • Authors: Bahman Zohuri, Seyed Balgehshiri, Ali Paydar
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780443189890

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Advanced Reactor Concepts (ARC): A New Nuclear Power Plant Perspective for Energy gives engineers and nuclear engineering researchers a comprehensive tool to get up-to-date on the latest technology supporting the Generation IV nuclear plant systems. After describing a brief history, alternative technology is discussed such as electromagnetic pumps, heat pipes as control devices, and integration of Nuclear Air-Brayton Combined Cycles, helping nuclear plants provide dispatchable electricity to the grid and heat to the industry. Packed with examples and on all the types, benefits and challenges, this book delivers the go-to reference engineers need to advance safe nuclear energy as a low-carbon option.

Key Features

  • Teaches theory and concepts on generation IV technology, including advanced reactor concepts (ARC) and electromagnetic pumps, along with comparisons of different types and sizes
  • Advances the energy transition with critical carbon-free technology that can supplement intermittent power sources such as wind and solar
  • Helps readers Grasp alternative heat storage technology, including Nuclear Air-Brayton Combined Cycle


Nuclear engineers; nuclear researchers; power plant engineers; energy consultants

Table of Contents

  • Chapter One: Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP)
    1.1 Introduction
    1.2 Licensing Strategy Components History
    1.3 Generation IV Systems
    1.3.1 Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR)
    1.3.2 Molten Salt Reactor (MSR)
    1.3.3 Sodium Cooled Fast Reactor (SFR)
    1.3.4 Super Critical Water Cooled Reactor (SCWR)
    1.3.5 Gas Cooled Fast Reactor (GFR)
    1.3.6 Lead Cooled Fast Reactor (LFR)
    1.4 Next Generation of Nuclear Power Reactions for Power Production
    1.5 Goals for Generation IV Nuclear Energy Systems
    1.6 Why We Need to Consider the Future Role of Nuclear Power Now
    1.7 The Generation IV Roadmap Project
    1.8 Market and Industry Status and Potentials
    1.9 Barriers
    1.10 Needs
    1.11 Synergies with other Sectors
    1.12 Advanced Small Modular Nuclear Power Reactors
    1.13 Small Modular Nuclear Power Reactors
    1.14 Advanced Small Modular Nuclear Reactors
    1.15 Benefits of Small Modular Reactors
    1.16 Modular Construction Using Small Reactor Units 44
    1.17 Versatile Test Reactor (VTR)
    1.18 Advanced Reactor Concepts (ARC)
    1.18.1 Advanced Reactor Concepts (ARC) International Cooperation
    1.18.2 Advanced Reactor Concepts (ARC) Planned Program Accomplishment
    1.18.3 Advanced Reactor Types
    1.18.4 Demonstrating Advanced Reactors
    1.18.5 Developing New Concepts
    1.19 Advanced Reactor Concepts ARC-100 Driven by ARC, LLC
    1.19.1 Cost Effectiveness of the ARC-100 Reactor
    1.19.2 Safe and Secure Fueling Options
    1.19.3 Advanced Reactor Concepts: A Nuclear Solution for the 21st Century
    1.19.4 Advanced Small Modular Reactor Research and Development
    1.20 Natrium™ Advanced Reactor Driven Nuclear Energy for Electricity
    1.21 Combined Cycle Gas Power Plant
    1.21.1 Brayton Cycle Configurations Simple Gas Turbine and Turboshaft Engines
    1.21.2 Recuperator Gas Turbine System
    1.22 Power Conversion Driven By Natrium Advanced Reactor
    1.23 Summary and Recommendations
    1.24 Reference

    Chapter Two: Electromagnetic Pump for Large Pool Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor Concept
    2.1 Introduction
    2.2 Electromagnetic Theory and Concept
    2.3 Electromagnetic Pump-Working Principle
    2.4 Electromagnetic Pump Types
    2.4.1 Conduction Pumps Characteristic Review
    2.4.2 Induction Pumps Characteristic Review
    2.4.3 Thermoelectric (TE) Pumps Characteristic Review
    2.5 System Reliability
    2.6 Magneto Hydro Dynamic (MHD) Power Generation
    2.6.1 Ideal Magneto Hydro Dynamic (MHD) Equations
    2.7 Analysis and Design of Electromagnetic Using Multiphysics COMSOL®
    2.7.1 Post Processing, Results and Analysis Using COMSOL®
    2.7.2 Effect of Angular Velocity Magnet Strength and Magnet Pitch
    2.7.3 Design Process
    2.7.4 Stator
    2.7.5 Rotor Arrangement
    2.8 Electromagnetic Reliability
    2.9 Working Principal of Annular Linear Induction Pump (ALIP)
    2.10 Advanced and Limitations of Electromagnetic Pumps
    2.11 Summary and Conclusion of Electromagnetic Pumps
    2.12 Electric Power Research Institute (ERPI) Integrating Elector Magnetic Pump
    2.13 Pump Design and Size Consideration
    2.14 Conclusion
    2.15 References

    Chapter Three: Nuclear Power Reactors Driven Radiation Harden Environments
    3.1 Introduction
    3.1 Radiation Environment in Nuclear Power Plants
    3.2 Design Basis Accident, Loss-Of-Coolant-Accident (LOCA)
    3.3 Conclusion
    3.4 References

    Chapter Four: Heat Pipe Application Driven Fission Nuclear Power Plant
    4.1 Introduction
    4.1 Heat Pipe Description
    4.2 Heat Pipe Materials and Working Fluids
    4.3 Different Type of Heat Pipe
    4.4 Benefits of Heat Pipe Device
    4.5 Limitation of Heat Pipe Device
    4.6 Intermediate Heat Exchanger (IHX)
    4.7 Heat Pipe Applications Driven Heat Exchanger
    4.8 Nuclear Power Conversion Integrated Heat Pipes
    4.9 Heat Pipe Application as Heat Exchanger
    4.9.1 Technology Types and Resources
    4.9.2 Integrated Heat Pipe Efficiency
    4.10 Heat Pipes and Thermosyphons
    4.11 Direct Reactor Auxiliary Cooling System (DRACS)
    4.12 Conclusions
    4.13 References

    Chapter Five: Nuclear Air-Brayton Combined Cycle (NACC)
    5.1 Introduction
    5.3 Air-Brayton Power With Thermodynamic Topping Cycles
    5.3 Heat Storage Systems
    5.4 Heat Storage Between the Reactor and the NACC
    5.4.1 Liquid Salts
    5.4.2 Crushed Rock
    5.4.3 Concrete
    5.4.4 Cast Iron with Cladding
    5.5 Firebrick Resistance Heated Energy Storage
    5.6 Heat Recuperators Between the Brayton Power Cycle and HRSG
    5.7 Other Heat Storage Considerations
    5.8 Cogeneration
    5.9 Conclusions
    5.10 Appendix (Nuclear/CSP Air-Brayton Recuperated Cycles
    5.11 References

    Appendix A: Electromagnetic Pump Insulation Material
    A.1 Introduction
    A.2 CRGO Making and Using Grain Oriented Electrical Steel
    A.3 Making and using CRNGO non-oriented Electrical Steels
    A.4 References

Product details

  • No. of pages: 250
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2023
  • Published: January 20, 2023
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780443189890

About the Authors

Bahman Zohuri

Dr. Bahman Zohuri is currently an Adjunct Professor at Artificial Intelligence Scientist at Golden Gate University, San Francisco California, while he also is Research Associate Professor at Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at University of New Mexico at Albuquerque. He is also consulting through his own consulting company that he stared himself in 1991. He has also been a consultant at Sandia National Laboratory after leaving the United States Navy. Dr. Zohuri earned his Bachelor’s and Master’s degrees in Physics from the University of Illinois and his second Master degree in Mechanical Engineering as well as his Doctorate in Nuclear Engineering from University of New Mexico. He has been awarded three patents and has published more than 40 textbooks and numerous other journal publications.

Affiliations and Expertise

Adjunct Professor, Artificial Intelligence Scientist, Golden Gate University, San Francisco, CA; Research Associate Professor, Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University if New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA

Seyed Balgehshiri

Seyed Kamal Mousavi Balgehshiri is currently a researcher at the Amirkabir University of Technology in Iran, studying advanced nuclear fuel types and Nuclear Fuel Cycles, as well as separation of stable elements. Seyed earned a bachelor's degree in chemical engineering from the University of Tabriz, and a master's degree in nuclear engineering from the Amirkabir University of Technology, researching nuclear fuel cycles and materials.

Affiliations and Expertise

Researcher, Amirkabir University of Technology, Iran

Ali Paydar

Ali Zamani Paydar is currently a researcher at the Amirkabir University of Technology in Iran, studying advanced reactor technology from the perspective of deploying emerging advanced nuclear reactor concepts. Ali earned a bachelor's degree in atomic physics from the University of Tehran and is currently pursuing a master's degree in nuclear engineering from the University of Amirkabir.

Affiliations and Expertise

Researcher, Amirkabir University of Technology, Iran

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