Natural gas is playing an increasing role in meeting world energy demands because of its abundance, versatility, and its clean burning nature. As a result, lots of new gas exploration, field development and production activities are under way, especially in places where natural gas until recently was labeled as “stranded”. Because a significant portion of natural gas reserves worldwide are located across bodies of water, gas transportation in the form of LNG or CNG becomes an issue as well. Finally natural gas is viewed in comparison to the recently touted alternatives. Therefore, there is a need to have a book covering all the unique aspects and challenges related to natural gas from the upstream to midstream and downstream. All these new issues have not been addressed in depth in any existing book. To bridge the gap, Xiuli Wang and Michael Economides have written a new book called Advanced Natural Gas Engineering. This book will serve as a reference for all engineers and professionals in the energy business. It can also be a textbook for students in petroleum and chemical engineering curricula and in training departments for a large group of companies.
Preface Reviews List of Figures List of Tables List of Examples 1 Natural Gas Basics 1.1 Introduction 1.2 Geological Settings 1.3 Natural Gas Origins and Accumulations 1.4 Natural Gas Resources 1.4.1 Nonassociated Gas 1.4.2 Associated Gas 1.4.3 Unconventional Gas 1.5 Natural Gas Composition and Phase Behavior 1.5.1 Dry- and Wet-Gas Phase Behaviors 1.5.2 Retrograde-Condensate-Gas Phase Behavior 1.5.3 Associated Gas Phase Behavior 1.6 Natural Gas Properties 1.6.1 Gas Specific Gravity 1.6.2 Gas Deviation Factor 1.6.3 Gas Density 1.6.4 Gas Formation Volume Factor 1.6.5 Gas Compressibility 1.6.6 Gas Viscosity 1.6.7 Useful Correlations 1.7 Units and Conversions 1.8 References 2 Unique Issues in Natural Gas Exploration, Drilling, and Well Completion 2.1 Introduction 2.2 Exploration 2.3 Drilling 2.3.1 Natural Gas Well Drilling 2.3.2 Drilling Deep Wells 2.3.3 Drilling Damage 2.3.4 Gas Kick 2.4 Well Completions 2.4.1 Liquid Loading in Gas Wells 2.4.2 Casinghead Pressure 2.5 References 3 Natural Gas Production 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Darcy and Non-Darcy Flow in Porous Media 3.3 Gas Well Inflow under Darcy Flow 3.3.1 Steady State and Pseudosteady State Flow 3.3.2 Transient Flow 3.4 Gas Well Inflow under Non-Darcy Flow 3.4.1 Turbulent Flow in Gas Wells 3.4.2 Correlations for Turbulence in Vertical Gas Well 3.5 Horizontal Gas Well Inflow 3.6 Hydraulic Fracturing 3.6.1 Hydraulic Fracturing Overview 3.6.2 The Concept of Dimensionless Productivity Index 3.6.3 Unified Fracture Design (UFD) 3.6.4 Performance of a Hydraulically Fractured Well with Turbulence 3.6.5 Fr
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- © Gulf Publishing Company 2010
- 25th November 2013
- Gulf Publishing Company
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