Advanced Modelling Techniques Studying Global Changes in Environmental Sciences - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780444635365, 9780444635433

Advanced Modelling Techniques Studying Global Changes in Environmental Sciences, Volume 27

1st Edition

Series Volume Editors: Young-Seuk Park Sovan Lek Christophe Baehr Sven Erik Jørgensen
eBook ISBN: 9780444635433
Hardcover ISBN: 9780444635365
Imprint: Elsevier
Published Date: 8th October 2015
Page Count: 380
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Table of Contents

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  • Preface
  • Chapter 1: Introduction: Global changes and sustainable ecosystem management
    • Abstract
    • 1.1 Effects of Global Changes
    • 1.2 Sustainable Ecosystem Management
    • 1.3 Outline of This Book
  • Chapter 2: Toward a new generation of ecological modelling techniques: Review and bibliometrics
    • Abstract
    • 2.1 Introduction
    • 2.2 Historical Development of Ecological Modelling
    • 2.3 Bibliometric Analysis of Modelling Approaches
    • 2.4 Brief Review of Modelling Techniques
    • 2.5 Future Perspectives of Ecological Modelling
  • Chapter 3: System-wide measures in ecological network analysis
    • Abstract
    • 3.1 Introduction
    • 3.2 Description of System-Wide Measures
    • 3.3 Ecosystem Models Used for Comparison
    • 3.4 Methods
    • 3.5 Observations and Discussion
  • Chapter 4: Application of structurally dynamic models (SDMs) to determine impacts of climate changes
    • Abstract
    • 4.1 Introduction
    • 4.2 Development of SDM
    • 4.3 Application of SDMs for the Assessment of Ecological Changes due to Climate Changes
    • 4.4 Conclusions
  • Chapter 5: Modelling animal behavior to monitor effects of stressors
    • Abstract
    • 5.1 Introduction
    • 5.2 Behavior Modelling: Dealing with Instantaneous or Whole Data Sets
    • 5.3 Higher Moments in Position Distribution
    • 5.4 Identifying Behavioral States
    • 5.5 Data Transformation and Filtering by Integration
    • 5.6 Intermittency
    • 5.7 Discussion and Conclusion
    • Acknowledgment
  • Chapter 6: Species distribution models for sustainable ecosystem management
    • Abstract
    • 6.1 Introduction
    • 6.2 Model Development Procedure
    • 6.3 Selected Models: Characteristics and Examples
    • 6.4 Future Perspectives
  • Chapter 7: Ecosystem risk assessment modelling method for emerging pollutants
    • Abstract
    • 7.1 Review of Ecological Risk Assessment Model Methods
    • 7.2 The Selected Model Method
    • 7.3 Case Study: Application of AQUATOX Models for Ecosystem Risk Assessment of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Lake Ecosystems
    • 7.4 Perspectives
    • Acknowledgments
  • Chapter 8: Development of species sensitivity distribution (SSD) models for setting up the management priority with water quality criteria of toxic chemicals
    • Abstract
    • 8.1 Introduction
    • 8.2 Methods
    • 8.3 Results and Discussion
    • 8.4 Conclusion
    • Acknowledgments
  • Chapter 9: Modelling mixed forest stands: Methodological challenges and approaches
    • Abstract
    • 9.1 Introduction
    • 9.2 Review Methodology
    • 9.3 Results and Discussion
    • 9.4 Conclusions
    • Acknowledgments
  • Chapter 10: Decision in agroecosystems advanced modelling techniques studying global changes in environmental sciences
    • Abstract
    • 10.1 Introduction
    • 10.2 Approaches Based on Management Strategy Simulation
    • 10.3 Design of Agroecosystem Management Strategy
    • 10.4 Strategy Design by Simulation and Learning
    • 10.5 Illustrations
    • 10.6 Conclusion
  • Chapter 11: Ecosystem services in relation to carbon cycle of Asansol–Durgapur urban system, India
    • Abstract
    • 11.1 Introduction
    • 11.2 Methods
    • 11.3 Analysis and Discussion
    • 11.4 Conclusions
    • Acknowledgments
  • Chapter 12: Modelling the effects of climate change in estuarine ecosystems with coupled hydrodynamic and biogeochemical models
    • Abstract
    • 12.1 Introduction
    • 12.2 Coupled Hydrodynamic and Biogeochemical Models
    • 12.3 Models as Effective Tools to Support Estuarine Climate Change Impacts Assessment
    • 12.4 Case Study: Effects of Climate Change in the Lower Trophic Levels Dynamics in the Aveiro Lagoon
    • 12.5 Conclusions
    • Acknowledgments
  • Chapter 13: Modelling nitrogen and carbon cycles in Hooghly estuary along with adjacent mangrove ecosystem
    • Abstract
    • 13.1 Introduction
    • 13.2 Study Area and Experimental Works
    • 13.3 Model of Nitrogen Cycle
    • 13.4 Model of Carbon Cycle
    • 13.5 Sensitivity Analysis of the Model
    • 13.6 Model Calibration and Validation
    • 13.7 Results
    • 13.8 Discussion
    • 13.9 Conclusion
  • Chapter 14: Hydrodynamic and ecosystem coupled model and its application to the eutrophication problem
    • Abstract
    • 14.1 Introduction
    • 14.2 Hydrodynamics and Ecosystem Coupled Model
    • 14.3 Example of Application
    • 14.4 Example Results of Numerical Simulation
    • 14.5 Summary and Perspective
  • Chapter 15: Functioning of the phytoplankton in seas and estimates of primary production for aquatic ecosystems
    • Abstract
    • 15.1 Introduction
    • 15.2 Methods and Materials
    • 15.3 Results and Discussion
  • Index

Description

Advanced Modelling Techniques Studying Global Changes in Environmental Sciences discusses the need for immediate and effective action, guided by a scientific understanding of ecosystem function, to alleviate current pressures on the environment.

Research, especially in Ecological Modeling, is crucial to support the sustainable development paradigm, in which the economy, society, and the environment are integrated and positively reinforce each other.

Content from this book is drawn from the 2013 conference of the International Society for Ecological Modeling (ISEM), an important and active research community contributing to this arena.

Some progress towards gaining a better understanding of the processes of global change has been achieved, but much more is needed. This conference provides a forum to present current research using models to investigate actions towards mitigating and adapting to change.

Key Features

  • Presents state-of-the-art modeling techniques
  • Drawn from the 2013 conference of the International Society for Ecological Modeling (ISEM), an important and active research community contributing to this arena
  • Integrates knowledge of advanced modeling techniques in ecological and environmental sciences
  • Describes new applications for sustainability

Readership

Environmental scientists and engineers, ecologists, environmental modellers and scientists studying climate change


Details

No. of pages:
380
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Elsevier 2015
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier
eBook ISBN:
9780444635433
Hardcover ISBN:
9780444635365

About the Series Volume Editors

Young-Seuk Park Series Volume Editor

Young-Seuk Park is a Professor at the Department of Biology, Kyung University, Seoul, Republic of Korea. After completing a PhD at Pusan National University, he undertook post-doctoral research at CNRS, Université Paul Sabatier, and Cemagraf in France, and he obtained an HDR (Habilitation à Diriger des Recherches / Accreditation to Supervise Research) from the Université Paul Sabatier in Toulouse, France, before returning Korea to establish his independent reseach group at Kyung Hee University. His laboratory studies the effects of environmental changes on biological systems at different hierarchical levels from molecules, individuals, populations, and communities through ecological modelling and ecological informatics approaches. In particular, his research is focused on the effects of global changes on ecosystems, and ecological monitoring and assessment for sustainable ecosystem management. He is interested in computational approaches such as machine learning techniques and advanced statistical methods. He is an associate editor of two scientific journals Annales de Limnologie – International Journal of Limnology and Journal of Ecology and Environment, and he is also on the editorial boards of several journals including Ecological Informatics and Animal Cells and Systems. He was a guest editor for several Special Issues in scientific journals including Ecological Modelling, Ecological Informatics, Annales de Limnologie – International Journal of Limnology, Inland Waters, and Water. He is the recipient of the 2014 Yeocheon Ecology Award.

Affiliations and Expertise

Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Republic of Korea

Sovan Lek Series Volume Editor

Sovan Lek is a Professor at the University of Toulouse. His research is mainly in Fish Community Ecology and Ecological Modelling.

In Fish Community Ecology, his research concerns the biodiversity and the spatial distribution of fish according to the environmental characteristics and the response of fish community to the human disturbances, especially land-use, hydromorphology, climate warming. The distribution of fish is considered according to the scale of variation, varying from local to regional and global scales, in relationship with the environmental variables.

In Ecological Modelling, he is mainly interested in the use of machine learning techniques. He is also familiar with the uses of classical modelling techniques like classical statistic methods (multiple linear regression, multi-variate analyses ) and modern statistical methods (CART, GAM, PLS ).

He has participated in several EU projects in the fields of Ecology and Global changes. He also participated in bilateral projects with several Asian countries. He is an editorial member of Ecological Modelling and associate editor of Ecological Informatics.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Toulouse, France

Christophe Baehr Series Volume Editor

Affiliations and Expertise

Météo-France, Toulouse, France

Sven Erik Jørgensen Series Volume Editor

Sven Erik Jørgensen was the professor emeritus in environmental chemistry at the University of Copenhagen. He received a master of science in chemical engineering from the Danish Technical University (1958), a doctor of environmental engineering (Karlsruhe University) and a doctor of science in ecological modelling (Copenhagen University). He was the honourable doctor at Coimbra University, Portugal and at Dar es Salaam University (Tanzania). In 1975 he founded the journal Ecological Modelling and in 1978 the ISEM (International Society of Ecological Modelling). He has received several awards, the Ruder Boskovic Medal, the Prigogine Prize, the Pascal Medal, the Einstein professorship at the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the Santa Chiara Prize for multidisciplinary teaching and the very prestigious Stockholm Water Prize. He has published 366 papers of which 275 were published in peer-reviewed international journals and he has edited or authored 76 books, of which several have been translated to other languages (Chinese, Russian, Spanish and Portuguese). He has authored a successful textbook in ecological modelling “Fundamentals of Ecological Modelling”, which was published as a fourth edition together with Brian Fath in 2011. It has been translated into Chinese and Russian (third edition). He authored a well received textbook in system ecology entitled “Introduction to Systems Ecology”. It was published as an English edition in 2012 and as a Chinese edition in 2013. He was editor in chief of the Encyclopedia of Ecology, published in 2008, and of the Encyclopedia of Environmental Management, published in December 2012. He has taught courses in ecological modelling in 32 different countries. He is the editorial board member of 18 international journals in the fields of ecology and environmental management. He was the president of ISEM and he also was elected member of the European Academy of Sciences, for which he was the chairman of the Section for Environmental Sciences.

Affiliations and Expertise

Emeritus Professor, Copenhagen University, Denmark