Advanced Engineering Thermodynamics

Advanced Engineering Thermodynamics

Thermodynamics and Fluid Mechanics Series

2nd Edition - January 1, 1977

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  • Author: Rowland S. Benson
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483139197

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Advanced Engineering Thermodynamics, Second Edition is a five-chapter text that covers some basic thermodynamic concepts, including thermodynamic system equilibrium, thermodynamic properties, and thermodynamic application to special systems. Chapter 1 introduces the concept of equilibrium, maximum work of thermodynamic systems, development of Gibbs and Helmholtz functions, thermodynamic system equilibrium, and conditions for stability and spontaneous change. Chapter 2 deals with the general thermodynamic relations for systems of constant chemical composition; the development of Maxwell relations; the derivatives of specific heats; coefficients of h, p, T, Clausius-Clapeyron equations; the Joule-Thomson effect; and application of van der Waals gas-inversion curves to liquefaction system. Chapters 3 and 4 describe the thermodynamics of ideal gases, ideal gas mixtures, and gas mixtures with variable composition. These chapters also discuss processes involving dissociation-Lighthill ideal dissociating gas, extension to ionization and real gas effects, and characteristics of "frozen" and equilibrium flows. Chapter 5 surveys the thermodynamics of elastic systems, surface tension, magnetic systems, reversible electrical cell, and fuel cell. This chapter also provides an introduction to irreversible thermodynamics, Onsager reciprocal relation, and the concept of thermoelectricity. This book will prove useful to undergraduate mechanical engineering students and other engineering students taking courses in thermodynamics and fluid mechanics.

Table of Contents

  • Preface

    Editorial Introduction

    1. Equilibrium of Thermodynamic Systems


    Concept of Equilibrium, Spontaneous Change and Criterion of Stability

    Equilibrium of System

    Equilibrium of System Obeying Van der Waals' Equation of State


    2. Thermodynamic Properties of Systems of Constant Chemical Composition


    Thermodynamic Properties

    Equation of State

    Law of Corresponding States

    Thermodynamic Relations for Pure Substance

    Applications of Thermodynamic Relations

    Relationships Between the Specific Heats at Constant Volume and the Specific Heats at Constant Pressure

    The Clausius-Clapeyron Equation

    Liquefaction of Gases


    3. Thermodynamic Properties of Systems of Constant Chemical Composition


    State Equation for all Ideal Gases

    The Internal Energy and Enthalpy of an Ideal Gas

    Entropy of an Ideal Gas - The Third Law of Thermodynamics

    The Gibbs Free Energy Function for an Ideal Gas

    Mixtures of Ideal Gases

    Heats of Reaction or Calorific Values and Adiabatic Combustion

    Heats of Formation and Hess1 s Law

    Entropy of Ideal Gas Mixtures


    4. Thermodynamic Properties of Gas Mixtures with Variable Composition


    Thermodynamic Relations for Mixtures of Variable Composition

    The Chemical Potential

    Chemical Stoichiometry and Dissociation

    Chemical Equilibrium

    The Relationship Between the Equilibrium Constant and the Heat of Reaction - Van't Hoff s Equation

    Methods for Calculating Equilibrium Constants

    The Calculation of Temperature Rise in a Combustion Reaction with Dissociation

    The Lighthill Ideal Dissociating Gas

    Ionization of Monatomic Gases

    Non-Equilibrium Processes - Equilibrium and Frozen Flows


    5. Application of Thermodynamics to Special Systems


    Elastic Systems

    Systems with Surface Tension

    Reversible Cell

    Fuel Cell

    Magnetic Systems

    Steady State or Irreversible Thermodynamics




    Table A.1. Polynomial Coefficients

    Table A.2. Ideal Gas Properties 0-6000°K 272

    Table A.3. Ideal Gas Heats of Reaction 0-6000°K

    Table A.4. Ideal Gas Reaction Equilibrium Constants 500-6000°K


    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 358
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1977
  • Published: January 1, 1977
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483139197

About the Author

Rowland S. Benson

About the Editor

W. A. Woods

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